R/O - Basics of fractures I Flashcards Preview

Year 2 Specialty Medicine > R/O - Basics of fractures I > Flashcards

Flashcards in R/O - Basics of fractures I Deck (14):
1

how are trabeculae arranged in long bones?

- epiphysis: aligned with force
- diaphysis: spiral

2

in angiogenesis post fracture, where do the vessels come from?

periosteum

3

compression of bone leads to what type of remodeling?

bone formation

4

distraction of bone leads to what type of remodeling?

cartilage

5

where is the metaphysis?

in children - distal shaft, proximal to physis

6

salter harris classification is based on severity of injury to the __________

physis

7

what structure is the template for repair after a fracture?

periosteum

8

can synovial fluid help or impair healing?

impair

9

tonic seizures can lead to what type of shoulder dislocation?

posterior

10

luxatio erecta indicates what type of shoulder dislocation? what is the main fear?

- arm held away from side
- brachial plexus injury

11

what is the most common shoulder fracture?

- surgical neck

12

distal humeral fracture is usually due to what injury mechanism?

FOOSH

13

sail sign in an elbow dislocation means:

joint effusion

14

how do you treat nursemaids elbow?

- pronate forearm
- press radius
- flex elbow