DERM - Pediatric dermatology Flashcards Preview

Year 2 Specialty Medicine > DERM - Pediatric dermatology > Flashcards

Flashcards in DERM - Pediatric dermatology Deck (15):
1

what is a salmon patch?

light red macule found on nape of neck, eyelids, philtrum, glabella

2

what is cutis aplasia?

- sharply marginated area, depressed seedn in midline of scalp
- development defect

3

- sharply marginated area, depressed seedn in midline of scalp
- development defect

cutis aplasia

4

light red macule found on nape of neck, eyelids, philtrum, glabella

salmon patch

5

mongolian spots are aka:

dermal melanocytosis

6

- blotchy erythematous macules 2-3 cm in diameter with a tiny 1-4 mm central vesicle or pustule
- appears on arms, legs, trunk, but SPARES PALMS AND SOLES

erythema toxicum neonatorum

7

- vesicles or pustules with a collarette of surrounding scales or pigmented macules
- quickly resolves
- AAs
- CAN OCCUR ON PALMS AND SOLES

transient neonatal pustular melanosis

8

comedones form as a result of __________

- increased cell division and cohesiveness of cells lining follicular lumen
- then mix with sebum and partially obstruct follicular opening, forming a comedo (whitehead)
- if follicular opening is larger, the keratin buildup is more visible and can darken to form an open comedo (blackhead)

9

what are features of sturge weber syndrome?

- port wine stains V1 distribution
- meningeal hemangiomas (ipsilateral)
- seizures
- mental retardation
- hemiparesis later in life

10

- port wine stains V1 distribution
- meningeal hemangiomas (ipsilateral)
- seizures
- mental retardation
- hemiparesis later in life

sturge weber syndrome

11

- vision defects
- optic glioma
- large diffuse brown patch (cafe au lait)
- lisch nodules

neurofibromatosis type 1

12

hypopigmented macules (ash leaf) could indicate?

tuberous sclerosis

13

what is the inheritance of tuberos sclerosis?

AD

14

when can babies start wearing sunscreen?

6 months

15

how do you protect a child over 6 months from sun exposure?

- SPF at least 15
- reapply sunscreen every 2 hours or after swimming or sweating
- hat with 3 inch brim, sunglasses, and cotton