Dorsum of the tongue Flashcards Preview

Gross Anatomy II Exam I > Dorsum of the tongue > Flashcards

Flashcards in Dorsum of the tongue Deck (16):
1

T/F: The dorsum of the tongue is completely within the oral cavity.

False: it is partially within the oral cavity and partially within the oropharynx

2

What is the the V shaped groove at the posterior aspect of the oral part of the tongue?

Sulcus Terminalis

3

The Sulcus Terminialis separates the tongue into what parts?

1) Oral Part (ant. 2/3)
2) Oropharyngeal part (pos. 1/3)

4

T/F: The two parts of the tongue are different developmentally, structurally, and in terms of nerve innervation?

True

5

What is located at the apex of the V of the sulcus terminalis?

Foramen Cecum

6

The foramen cecum is the embryological remnant of what structure?

Thyroglossal duct

7

What clinical condition is present when the thryoglossal duct does not obliterate and what is it often mistaken for?

Thyroglossal cysts
-Often mistaken for a thyroid mass

8

What is the shallow groove that is visible on the surface of the tongue?

Median groove

9

What are the conical projections with sharply pointed tips on the surface of the tongue?

Filiform Papille

10

What are the smallest projections found of the surface of the tongue?

Filiform Papillae

11

What are the mushroom shaped projections of the surface of the tongue?

Fungiform Papillae

12

T/F: Fungiform Papillae contain taste receptors (buds)

True

13

What are the largest projections on the surface of the tongue?

Vallate Papillae

14

What taste sensation do the vallate papillae sense and why is this significant?

Bitter- it is a survival adaptation to taste possible "poisons" and trigger the gag reflex if they are sensed

15

What of the grooves/ridges along the margin of the tongue?

Foliate Papillae

16

T/F: The foliate papillae contain taste receptors?

True