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Gross Anatomy II Exam I > Nerves of the Neck > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nerves of the Neck Deck (66)
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1

What are the major nerves contained within the neck?

1) Glossopharyngeal Neve (CN IX)
2) Vagus Nerve (CN X)
3) Accessory Nerve (CN XI)
4) Hypoglossal Nerve (CN XII)
5) Cervical part of the sympathetic trunk

2

What are the branches of the glossopharyngeal nerve?

1) Tympanic branch
2) Branch to carotid sinus
3) Pharyngeal Branch
4) Branch to Stylopharngeus
5) Tonsillar Branch
6) Lingual Banch

3

What is the only motor branch of the glossopharyngeal nerve?

Branch to Stylopharyngues

4

Which brnach of the glossopharyngeal nerve senses pain in otitis media?

Tympanic Nerve

5

What is the control center for swallowing?

Pharyngeal Plexus

6

Which branch of teh glossopharyngeal nerve is formed union of vagus, glossopharyngeal, and sympathic trunk?

Pharyngeal Branch

7

Which branch of the glossopharyngeal nerve senses pain in acute pharyngitis and is a afferent limb of the gag reflex?

Pharyngeal branch

8

Which branch of the glossopharyngeal nerve sense pain in tonsillitis?

Tonsillar branch

9

Which branch of the is the terminal branch of the glossopharyngeal nerve?

Lingual branch

10

Which nerve is the longest cranial nerve that has extensive distribution n the head, neck, thorax and abdomen?

Vagus nerve (CN X)

11

Which cranial nerves exit the skull via the jugular foraman?

1) Vagus Nerve
2) Glossopharyngeal Nerve
3) Accessory Nerve

12

What are the two major ganglia of the vagus nerve within the neck?

1) Superior (Jugular) Ganglion
2) Inferior (Nodose) Ganlion

13

What are the branches of the vagus nerve in he head and neck?

1) Meningeal Branch
2) Auricular Branch
3) Pharyngeal Branch
4) Superior Laryngeal Nerve
5) Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve

14

Which branch of the vagus arises from the superior ganglion and supplies the dura mater with sensory innervation?

Meningeal Branch

15

Which branch of the vagus may be involved with cervicogenic headaches?

Meningeal Branch

16

Which branch of the vagus is sensory to the auricle, the floor of the external auditory meatus, and the tympanic membrane?

Auricular Branch

17

Which branch of the vagus is involved with pain sensation with oititis externa?

Auricular Branch

18

Which branch(s) of the vagus nerve int eh head/neck are strictly sensory?

1) Meningeal Branch
2) Auricular Branch

19

Which branch of the vagus is the chief motor supply to the muscles of the pharynx and soft palette?

Pharyngeal Branch

20

Which branch of the vagus originate from the cranial part of the accessory nerve?

Pharyngeal Branch

21

The pharyngeal plexus is motor to all muscles of the pharynx/soft palette except for which muscles?

1) Stylopharyngeus-innervated by the glosspharngeal neve
2) Tensor Veli Palatini- Innervated by the trigeminal nerve

22

What are the two branches of the Superior Laryngeal Nerve?

1) Internal Laryngeal Nerve
2) External Laryngeal Nerve

23

Which nerve is sensory to the the mucous membrane of the larynx superior to the true vocal folds?

Internal Laryngeal Nerve

24

Which nerve is motor innervation to the cricothyroid and inferior constrictor muscles?

External Laryngeal Nerve

25

Which nerve arises from the vagus within the thorax then ascends back into the neck between the trachea and esophagus and applied to the posterior surface of the thyroid?

Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve

26

Which nerve is sensory innervation to the mucous membrane of the larynx below the true vocal folds and to the trachea?

Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve

27

Which nerve is motor innervation to all muscles of the larynx except the cricothyroid?

Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve

28

What clinical conditions can cause damage to the recurrent laryngeal nerve?

1) Removal/Surgery of/to the Thyroid Gland
2) Goiter or Thyroid Tumor
3) Lung Tumor to the medial surface or apex of the lung
4) Aortic Aneurysm (will only occur on the left side)

29

Which nerve is formed by the union of two parts?

Accessory Nerve

30

What are the two parts of the Accessory Nerve?

1) Cranial Part-originates from the M.O.
2) Spinal Part- originates from the sides of the spinal cord