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Gross Anatomy II Exam I > Parathyroid Gland > Flashcards

Flashcards in Parathyroid Gland Deck (6)
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What is the major function of the parathyroid glands

Calcium Homeostasis which is essential to life


What is the "normal" number of parathyroid glands in the average person?

Four, although anywhere from two to six are seen in the population


What is the location of the parathyroid glands?

on the posterior surface of the thyroid gland


What is the blood supply to the parathyroid glands?

1) Inferior Thyroid Artery
2) Superior Thyroid Artery


What is the nerve innervation of the parathyroid glands?

Inferior and middle cervical sympathetic ganglion


What are the factors that contribute to the difficulty of thyroid surgery?

1) Damage to the high vasularity of the gland
2) Location of the Parathyroid Glands
3) Position of the recurrent laryngeal nerve