Environmental and Occupational Lung Diseases Flashcards Preview

Y1 Respiratory > Environmental and Occupational Lung Diseases > Flashcards

Flashcards in Environmental and Occupational Lung Diseases Deck (20):
1

Examples of occupations pre-disposing to hypersensitivity pneumonitis

Farmers
Bird Breeders
Cheese Workers
Mollusc Shell Workers
Paprika splitters

2

Diseases from occupations which may lead to pneumoconiosis

Abestosis
Silicosis
Coal Workers lungs
Berylliosis

3

Typical CT pattern in chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis

extensive fibrosis with honeycombing and air-trapping

4

Focus for treatment of occupational and environmental lung diseases

antigen avoidance

5

Development of mesothelioma occurs over...

20 years (30 - 40 usually) after exposure

6

Asbestos and Smoking do not increase the risk of developing lung cancer over the individual components - True or false

False - the risk increases, RR is 30-50 times higher with exposure to both

7

Indoor environmental sources of lung disease

asbestos; mould; cooking smoke; passive smoking; nanoparticles

8

Outdoor environmental sources of lung disease

air and traffic pollution

9

Areas which are most likely to suffer from indoor damp and mould which increases lung disease

deprived and overcrowded

10

Most dominant part of photochemical Smog

ozone O3

11

photochemical smog components

ozone; nitrogen oxide; nitrogen dioxide; volatile organic compounds (VOCs)

12

Most common hazardous air pollutants

Sulphur dioxide
Nitrogen oxides
Particular matter
Ozone and VOCs
Persistent Organic Compounds
Benzene
Carbon monoxide
Lead and Heavy metals

13

Effects of traffic fumes on lung disease (3)

Reduced lung growth in adolescents
Increased rates of asthma and COPD
Increased rates of resp. symptomes i.e. cough, wheeze and breathlessness

14

Effects of inhaled substances outside the lungs

Low Birth Weight
Appendicitis
Stroke
Neurological disease i.e. Neurodegeneration, cognitive decline, depression, suicide

15

Dioxins are associated with...

reproductive and immunological problems

16

Dioxins ______ in people and animal fat

bioaccumulate

17

There is enough freshwater on the planet for ____ billion people

6

18

Predicted global population by 2030

8.1billion

19

Is legionella a notifiable disease?

yes

20

places legionella might be found?

warm, stagnant water - cooling towers, spas, hospital plumbing