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Flashcards in ethics Deck (28):
1

what is an acronym for remembering the ethical issues

DRIPPA

2

What does DRIPPA represent?

Deception
Right to withdraw
Informed consent
Privacy
Protection from harm
Anonymity (or confidentiality)


3

What is privacy?

Privacy is a persons right to control information about themselves.

4

What is informed consent?

Participants need to know what they are letting themselves in for if they agree to take part in the study this is necessary in order to make an informed decision about whether to participate

5

What is deception?

Deception occurs when a participant is not told the true aims of the study always misled or example they might be told that they will have to answer a questionnaire about certain social situations but not be told that their obedience is being assessed

6

What is right to withdraw?

Participants have the right to know that they can freely decide not to continue to participate at any time participants should also have the right to withdraw their data at the end of the study

7

What is protection from harm?

harm includes any negative physical effects or any negative psychological effects

8

What is anonymity (or confidentiality)

This concerns the communication of personal information from one person to another and the trust that this information will be protected

9

What is the participants view of Deception?

Prevents participants being able to give truly informed consent as they don't have all the necessary information to make that decision

10

What is the participants view of Right to withdraw>

This is especially important if some information was withheld at the beginning of the study or if they really don't understand what might be involved. Participants may feel very concerned that they can't withdraw because it will spoil the study. In some studies participants are paid are rewarded in some way so they may not feel able to withdraw

11

What is the participants view of Protection from harm?

Participants would expect to be in the same state at the end of the study as they were at the beginning - it is reasonable to expose individuals to risks equivalent to what would be experienced in their everyday lives

12

What is the participants view of Anonymity (or confidentiality) ?

People have an expectation of privacy each person has the right to decide who knows and who doesn't know personal information about them that is what they are talking about what they are doing

13

What is the participants view of Deception?

This is an issue because it prevents participants being able to truly informed consent as they don't have all the necessary information

14

What is the researcher's view of Privacy

Protecting privacy might be difficult when conducting for example an observational study. Often observers do not wish to alert participants to the fact that they are being studied because that is likely to affect the participants behaviour

15

What is the researcher's view 0f Protection from harm
?

It may not be possible to estimate all possible negative effects before conducting a study

16

What is the researcher's view of Anonymity (or confidentiality) ?

It may not be possible to keep information confidential or anonymous because details of the study may lead to an individual identification e.g. they may be recognisable by unique features of the case

17

What is the researcher's view of Deception
?

Under section is relatively harmless or can be compensated for by adequate briefing

18

What is the researcher's view of Right to withdraw
?

A loss of participants may bias the study's findings because the participants who leave might be for example the more confident ones or the more intelligent et cetera

19

What is the researcher's view Informed consent
?

Providing comprehensive information may reduce the meaningfulness of the research because information will reveal the studies aims and this could affect participants subsequent behaviour

20

What is the researcher's view of Privacy
?

Protecting privacy might be difficult

21

What is the difference between privacy and confidentiality

This we have a right to privacy if this is invaded then confidentiality

22

Can vulnerable individuals e.g. children give informed consent?

No and it is possible that they are not happy that a parent or guardian gives it on their behalf

23

Is there a difference between withholding information and telling Participants a lie?

Yes

24

What is informed consent?

Participants must be given compounds of information concerning the nature and purpose of the study and their role in it

25

What is presumptive consent?

This is where a group of people are consulted who are not participants and asked if they were asked would they be willing to take part if the answer is yes it is presumed the same would apply to the actual participant

26

Is competence an ethical issue?

Yes it is important a psychologist conduct themselves responsibly and knows their own limits – they should not undertake work in areas where they lack experience

27

What is an ethical issue

An ethical issue is a conflict between what the researcher ones and the rights of participants there are conflicts about what is acceptable. You have to have very good reason to doing a study in order to justify the procedures used

28

What is the difference between medical ethics (or ethics when conducting research> and the broader topic?

, And justice and injustice. They apply to all situations such as being honest or being helpful but other standards such as medical ethics apply to specific situations