Flashcards in ethics and experimental design Deck (17):

1

## What is a Confederate?

### Sometimes the IV in an experiment involves the use of a person. A Confederate is an individual in an experiment who are not real participants and have been instructed how to behave five experimenter

2

## How would you conduct a pilot study

### A pilot study is a small scale trial run of a research design before doing the real thing it is done in order to find out if certain things don't work so you can correct them before spending time on the real thing

3

## What is the Stroop effect

### not sure

4

## What is a debrief

### This involves telling a participant the true aims of the study giving them a chance to discuss any psychological harm they may have experienced a nasty participants feedback about the experiment

5

## What is a confounding variable?

### It is something that may influence the dependent variable

6

## What is an independent groups design?

### There are two groups of disciplines and the analysis involves comparing measures from two groups of

7

## Name one advantage of doing a matched pairs designed

### You can control some participant variables and order effects are not a problem

8

## Letters ABBA in research design are used for what purpose

### To counterbalance for order effects

9

## What is a random sample

### Names simply drawn from a hat example

10

## What is the disadvantage of a repeated measures design?

### There may be order effects

11

## Name three measures of central tendency

### Mode mean and median

12

## Name two measures of dispersion

### Range and standard deviation

13

## What is standard deviation?

### A measure of dispersion that shows the amount of variation in a set of schools it assesses the spread of data around the mean

14

## What is a single blind design

### A type of research design in which the participant is not aware of the research aims and/or which condition of the experiment they are receiving

15

## What is the weakness of an independent group design?

### There is no control of participant variables i.e. the different abilities or characteristics of each participant

16

## How do you address the weakness of an independent group design?

### You randomly allocate participants to conditions which theoretically distribute participant variables evenly and you recognise that you need twice as many participants

17