Flashcards in Dealing with ethical issues Deck (18):
What are ethical guidelines?'s
All Prof such as solicitors et cetera have a specialist organisation consisting of fellow professionals who monitor the behaviour and generally publish a code of ethics
Who monitors the behaviour of psychologists in the UK?
The British psychological Society (bps)
Who monitors the behaviour of psychologists in the US?
The American psychological Association (APA)
What other four principles of the code of ethics and conduct
Integrity, responsibility, competence, respect
What is an acronym for remembering the code of ethics and conduct?
I R RC
What is The BPS code of human research ethics view on scientific value?
Research should be designed reviewed and conducted in the way that ensures its quality integrity and contribution to the development of knowledge and understanding
What is the bps code of human research ethics view on informing participants?
It is recommended that at least one pilot test of the processes for informing and debriefing participants be carried out with a naive person having a literacy level at the lower end of the range expected in the planned research sample
What is the bps code of human research ethics of view on giving consents
The consent of participants in research whatever their age or competence should always be sought by means appropriate to their age and competence level
What is the bps code of human research ethics view on children under 16 giving them
The additional consent of parents or those with linked legal responsibility should normally be
What is the bps code of human research ethics view on consent where the participants capacity to give consent may be impaired?
Additional consent should also be sought from those with legal responsibility for the individual
What is an ethical committee?
All institutions where research takes place have an ethical committee who must approve any study before it begins
How does an ethical committee decide
A look at all possible ethical issues and at how researchers plan to deal with these weighing up the value of the research against the possible costs in ethical terms
What is the cost benefit approach?
The main principle used when dealing with ethical issues is to balance the potential consequences of the research against the potential to produce meaningful findings that can be used to enhance human lives
What other weaknesses of the cost benefit decisions?
Judgements are inevitably subjective. Also the costs are not always apparent until after the study. It is also difficult to quantify costs and benefits for example how much does personal distressed cost?
What is the weakness of the presumptive consent?
People say they would or wouldn't mind that is different from actually experiencing it
What is the weakness of the debriefing technique
You can't put the clock back if the participant was distressed by taking part in the research it can't be undone
What are the advantages of the debriefing technique
This gives the researcher an opportunity to assess the effects of the research procedures and offer some form of counselling if necessary