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Flashcards in Final 9 Deck (477)
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1

A group of men sworn to speak the truth

Jury

2

In 1215 a bunch of rebellious barons cornered Johan and forced him to sign the what (Great Charter)

The Magna Carta

3

Was a provision of the Magna Carta "by legal judgement of his peers or by the law of the land" and is linked the concept of Habeas corpus

Due Process of Law

4

Means that no person can be held in prison without first being charged with a specific crime

Habeas Corpus

5

Emerged from the Great Council which English rulers called upon for advice with matters dealing with the Magna Carta

Parliament

6

Gregory VII ended this. Under this practice the emperor or another layperson (a person not a clergy member) "invested" or presented bishops with the ring and staff that symbolized their office. Only the pope could have the right to appoint bishops in office

Lay Investiture

7

"Red Beard" wanted to build and empire from the Batlic to the Adriatic Sea. He tried to defeat wealth cities of northern Italy they retaliated by joining forces with the one in the Lombard a League and finally managed to defeat Barbarossa's armies

Frederick Barbarossa

8

Decisions of the Royal courts became the foundation of English Legal System based on custom and court ruling

Common Law

9

What Is Jerusalem and other places in Palestine where Christians believe Jesus lives and preached

Holy Land

10

What Is the christian campaign to drive Muslims from Spain

Reconquista

11

A church court set up to try people accused of heresy

Inquisitions

12

Using reason to support Christian beliefs

Scholasticism

13

Everyday languages of ordinary people (French, German, Italian)

Vernacular

14

Is an Italian poet who wrote the divine comedy in the 1300s, his poem takes the reader through an imaginary journey into hell and purgatory

Dante Alighieri

15

Wrote the Cantebury Tales

Geoffrey Chaucer

16

Describe a band of pilgrims traveling into Saint Thomas Becket's tomb

Canterbury Tales

17

Architecture had flying buttresses or stone supports that stood outside the church- constructing higher thinner walls and left space for stained glass windows allowing for more light to travel through, which was opposite to Romanesque style which was shorter with small windows not allowing a lot of light through making the church gloomy and dark

Gothic Style

18

Rising of prices broke out as the cost of labor soared

Inflation

19

Fought for a France as a 17 year old in 1429-she said that God had sent her to save a France-Charles VII was desperate so he authorized her to lead an army against the English-Inspired a battered and despairing French Troops to several victories and planted the seed for future triumphs

Joan of Arc

20

What is Humanists that studied the classical culture of Greece and Rome

Humanism

21

Subjects such as grammar, rhetoric, poetry and history

Humanities

22

Changed during the Renaissance and allowed artists to create realistic Art

Perspective

23

Who Wrote the Prince which looked at real rulers in age of ruthless poet politics, he stressed that the end justifies the means-urging rulers to use whatever methods were necessary to achieve their goals

Niccolo Machiavelli

24

Printed the first complete edition of the bible using a printing press with movable type

Johann Gutenberg

25

Is an everyday language of ordinary people

Vernacular

26

Is now used to describe any ideal society often with the implication that a such a society is ultimately impractical

Utopian

27

Was an English poet and playwright (1590-1613) he wrote 37 plays that are still being performed till today (Hamlet, Macbeth, Othello, Romeo and Juliet)

William Shakespeare

28

Is a lessening of time a should would have to spend in purgatory, a place where souls to impure to enter heaven atoned for sins committed during their lifetimes

Indulgence

29

A german monk and professor of theology-he drew up 95 Theses (arguments) against indulgences and other things-stating that Christians could only be saved by faith

Martin Luther

30

Summoned Luther to the Diet (assembly of german princes, a day of meeting) at the city of worms ordered Luther to give him the 95 theses, Luther refused and Charles declared him an outlaw

Charles V