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An island chain in present-day Indonesia, which Europeans then called "spice islands"

Moluccas

1

Led the way in sponsoring exploration for Portugal, a small nation next to Spain

Prince Henry

2

Are map makers

Cartographers

3

followed in Dias’s footsteps, leading four ships around the Cape of Good Hope. He was the first European to reach India by sea, linking Europe and Asia for the first time by ocean route, as well as the Atlantic and the Indian oceans entirely and definitively

Vasco De Gama

4

wanted to reach the East Indies-(a group of islands in Southeast Asia, today part of Indonesia) - by sailing west across the Atlantic

Christopher Columbus

5

dividing the non-European world into two zones Spain/Portugal

Line of Demarcation

6

was signed between the two countries (Spain/ Portugal) in1492 (agreeing to the Line of Demarcation)

Treaty of Tordesillas

7

set out from Spain with five ships to find a way to reach the Pacific. He reached the coast of South America-. He finally ended up finding a way to the Pacific which is now called the Strait of Magellan

Ferdinand Magellan

8

means to sail around the world

Circumnavigate

9

were hubs of international trade (in Africa)

Mombasa and Malinda

10

are large estates run by an owner or an owner’s as the overseer(s)

Plantation

11

ruler of Kongo in west central Africa

Alfonso I

12

were religious people who hoped to convert Africans to Christianity

Missionaries

13

was the commander of the Mughal Empire (he had control over
much of India)

Alfonso de Albuquerque

14

is located in present-day Ghana (Africa)

Asante Kingdom

15

was a military leader who won control of the trading city of Kumasi and gained control of the Asante Kingdom.He fought off a neighboring African Kingdom (the Denkyera) by uniting his kingdom firmly.
He did this by claiming that his right to rule came from heaven and that the people in the kingdom were linked by spiritual bonds- under his control his kingdom had government officials who were chosen by merit rather than birth and created an effective bureaucracy managing the royal monopolies on gold and slavery

Osei Tutu

16

Is the exclusive control of a business or industry

Monopoly

17

arose from successive waves of settlements by the Yoruba people (which is in present-day Nigeria)

Oyo Empire

18

is off the coast of India, this location made it a major military and commercial base of India

Goa

19

are distant areas that are under control of a ruling nation, country, or government. During this time the Portuguese and built a trading empire with the military and merchant out post that were under their control in the rimming southern seas ( the area around the southern seas)

Outposts

20

was formed by wealthy Dutch merchants, unlike Portuguese and Spanish traders they had full sovereign power

Dutch East India Company

21

possessing supreme or ultimate power (during this time the Dutch East India Company could build armies, wage war, negotiate peace treaties, and govern overseas territories) because of this power it came to dominate region of India

Sovereign