Chapter 19 Flashcards Preview

World History 9 > Chapter 19 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (41):
0

New Inventions

drug that prevents pain during surgery, sweing machine, measure of the speed of light, and antiseptic methods to reduce risk of woen dying in childbirth

1

Urgent messages flew across

telegraph wires

2

they built earthen walls known as dikes to reclaim lad from the sea

Dutch

3

Some farmers did what to get more crops

mixed different kinds of soils to get higher crop yields (more crops)

4

invented a seed drill that helped farmers deposit seeds in rows rather then scattering them wastefully over the land

Jethro Tull

5

The process of taking over and consolidating land formerly shared by peasant farmers

enclosures

6

had developed a steam engine powered by coal to pump water out of the mines

Thomas Newcomen

7

Looked at Newcomen invention in 1764 and set out to make improvements on the engine in order to make it more efficient

James Watt

8

Separate iron from its ore

smelt iron

9

was britians communication and transportation cheap?

yes due to the accessible to water

10

had a stable government

britian

11

boosted demands for goods

Ready Workface

12

Which is money used to invest in enterpress

capital

13

is a business organization in an area such as shipping, mining, railroads or factories

enterprise

14

People who managed and assumed the financial risks of starting new business

entrepreneurs

15

Also known as cottage industry, in which raw cotton was distributed to peasant families who spun it into thread then wove the thread into cloth in their own homes

putting-out-system

16

created cotton gin

Eli Whitney

17

Which could deseed cotton (something that previously time consuming because it was done by hand)

cotton gin

18

Were private roads built by entrepreneurs who would change travelers a toll or fee (to use them)

turnpikes

19

the worlds first major line went from

liverpool to manchester

20

whose members came from a variety of backgrounds

bourgeoisie

21

the wealth and the middle class lived where

in pleasant neighborhoods

22

where did the poor live

foul-smelling slums

23

Or multi-story buildings which were divided into apartments. These tenements had no running water with only community pumps

tenements

24

Or workers, organizations were illegal at this time, secret Unions did exist among frustrated British workers

labor union

25

was a movement that was influenced by the Industrial Revolution as people moved to cities and lost connections with their old churches

methodism

26

had founded Methodist movement in the mid-1700s. he stressed the need for a personal sense of faith and encouraged his followers to improve themselves by adopting sober moral ways

John Wesley

27

set up sunday schools, which not only taught people about the bible but also taught them how to read the bible

preachers

28

worked hard but their wrk varied according to the seasons. life was also had from the,, but at least they worked at their own pace

rural village people

29

Saw the effects of the population explosion: crowded slums, hungry families, unemployments and widespread misery

thomas malthus

30

wrote the wealth of nations-in his work he asserted that a free market should consist of unregulated exchange of good and services. that would come to help everybody

Adam Smith

31

advocated utilitarianism

jeremy betham

32

Which was the idea that the great society should be "the greatest happiness for the greatest number of its citizens

utilitarianism

33

is the people as a whole rather then private individuals would own and operate the means of production-such as farms, factories, railways, and other large businesses that produced and distributed goods

socialism

34

early socialist tried to create societies based on this idea they were called

Utopians

35

And even set up a model community in New Lanark, Scotland, (trying to put his ideas into practice)

Robert Owen

36

formulated a new theory called "scientific socialism"-which he claimed was a scientific study of history. he teamed up with another german socialist, Friedrich Engel and together they wrote the pamphlet the communist manifesto (published in 1848)

Karl Max

37

became known to refer to a system in which governments led by a small elite controlled all economic and political life

communism

38

A political ideology in which there is a gradual transition from capitalism to socialism instead of a sudden violence overthrow of the system

social democracy

39

had always owned the means of production and thus controlled society and all it wealth

haves

40

were the proletariat-working class

have-nots