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with a parliament and two political parties. Even with this governmental system it was still far from a democracy of what we know today

Constitutional Monarchy

1

Dominated politics and heavily

Wealthy nobles and squires, or country landowners

2

Made up a hereditary nobles

House of Lords

3

high ranking clergy could vote any bill passed by the

House of Commons

4

Kept many people from voting

Long-standing laws

5

Could not vote or serve in Parliament

Catholics and non Anglican Protestants

6

in 1820 reformers pushed to end

Religious restrictions

7

and still had them send members to Parliament.

Rotten Boroughs

8

Had no seats in the Parliament because they had not exists as population centers earlier in time

Manchester and Birmingham

9

Represented the middle class and business interests

The Whig Party

10

Spoke for nobles, landowners, and others whose interest and income came from agriculture

The Tory Party

11

Distributed seats in the House of Commons, giving representation to large towns and cities and eliminating rotten boroughs

The Great Reform Act in 1832

12

Is the body of people allowed to vote by granting suffrage to more men

Electorate

13

which would allow people to cast their votes without announcing them publicly.

Secret Ballot

14

Drew up the people's charter

Carhartist

15

From 1837 to 1981 the great symbol in British life. Her reign was the longest in British History even though she had little real political power, she set the tone for the age. She embodied the values of her age of duty, thrift, honesty, and hard work, and above all she respectably with a strict code of morals and manners

Queen Victoria

16

forged the Tories into the modern Conservative Party.

Benjamin Disraeli

17

The Whigs were being led by ________-which evolved into the liberal party

William Gladstone

18

Disraeli and The Conservative Party pushed this reform. Gave the vote to many working class men (this new law almost doubled the size of the electorate)

Reform Bill of 1867

19

Allowed most men the right to vote and the right to a secret ballot

Extended Suffrage

20

A form of government in which the executive leaders (usually the prime minister and the cabinet) are chosen by and responsible to the legislature (parliament)

Parliamentary Democracy

21

Britian transformed from a constitutional monarchy to a

Parliamentary Democracy

22

Parliamentary Democracy=

Executive and Legislative Branches of Government

23

Trade between other countries without quotas, tariffs, or other restriction

Free trade

24

usually the middle- class business leaders agree with Adam Smith that the policies pf laissez faire would increase prosperity for all.

Free Trades

25

Imposed high tariffs on imported gain. Framers and wealthy landowners supported this because they kept the price of British grain high

Corn Laws

26

or cancel the Corn Laws.

Repeal

27

__________wanted to cancel the Corn Laws

Free Trades

28

meaning the campaign against slavery and slave trade, slowly took off.

Abolition Movement

29

In 1807 they became the first European to abolish slavery

Britain

30

Included not only murder but also shoplifting, sheep stealing and impersonating an army veteran

Capital Offenses

31

Was served for murder, piracy, treason, and arson

Death Penalty

32

Settlements for convicts, in the new British territory in Australia

Penal Colonies

33

In 1886 Parliament ended

Public hanging

34

Never accepted British rule

Irish

35

who owned large estates but did not live on them

Absentee Landlords

36

Many Irish peasants lived in poverty, while paying high rent in

England

37

Left the Irish with a legacy of bitterness and distrust towards Britain

The Famine in Ireland

38

or local self government

Home rule

39

He railed Irish members of the Parliament to press for home rule

Charles Stewart Parnell

40

In Egypt it was the link between the Mediterranean, the Red Sea, and the Indian Ocean

Suez Canal

41

Promoted investment in industry and large scale ventures such as railroad beginning and the urban renewal of Paris. Also legalized labor unions, attended public education for girls, and created a small public health program

Napoleon II

42

Temporary government

Provisional

43

It's goal was to save the republic from royalist

French Revolution

44

Were called include workers and socialist as well as bourgeois republicans

Communards

45

Remained in place for 70 years

Third Republic

46

The powerful lower house, was elected by universal male suffrage

Chamber of Desputies

47

Prime minister

Premier

48

Had the real power

Premier

49

Or alliance of various parties

Coalition

50

Was accused of spying for Germany

Alfred Dreyfus

51

Publication of false and damaging stamens knowingly he fled into exile (after being convicted)

Libel

52

Reflected the rise of antisemitism in Europe

Dreyfus Case

53

A Hungarian Jewish journalist living in Franc to call for the Jewish people to from their own separate state where they could have rights that were being otherwise denied to them

Theodore Herzl

54

Is a movement devoted to rebuilding a Jewish state in ancient homelands

Zionist movement

55

Extending the nation's boundaries

Expansionism

56

And almost double the size of American territory

Louisiana Purchase

57

This president bought the Louisiana territory

Thomas Jefferson

58

The U.S. Expanded to include

Florida, Oregon, and the Republic of Texas

59

The Mexican war added

California and Southwest

60

Americans proclaimed that their nation was destined to spread across the entire continent to sea to sea

Manifest Destiny

61

U.S. Reforms wanted to

Banned alcohol, have better treatment of mentality ill, free elementary school, and the abolition movement

62

Pressed the anti-slavery cause through his newspaper the liberator

William Lloyd Garrison

63

Was born into slavery and escaped spoke about the evils of the slavery system

Fredrick Douglass

64

Found out that they had had the same equal as the slaves. They were allowed to speak because they are this

Women

65

The civil war lasted from

1861-1865

66

Or withdrew from the union and formed the confederate states of America

Seceded

67

Had fewer resources, fewer people, and less industry than the North. Fought fiercely to defend their cause

South

68

Enslaved African Americans in the south were declared free

Emancipation Proclaimation

69

legal separation of the races, in hospitals, schools and other places

Segregation

70

Prevented African Americans from voting

15 Amendment

71

Built the nation's largest steel company

Andrew Carnegie

72

Which dominated the world's petroleum industry

John D. Rockefeller Standard Oil Company

73

Used their political power to create eight-hour work days (even though they never became a majority party in government

Populist Party