Chapter 9 Lesson 1-2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Lesson 1-2 Deck (15):
0

Formerly Byzantium; capital of the eastern Roman Empire

Constantinople

1

Emperor of the Byzantine empire from 527 to 565, he rebuilt Constantinople and made reforms to the law

Justinian

2

The Corpus Juris Civilis, or the "Body of Civil Law"; a comprehensive collection of a Roman legal writings assembled by Justinian

Justinian's Code

3

A sole ruler with absolute power

Autocrat

4

Empress of the Byzantine empire, Justinian's wife and a fearless and powerful co-ruler

Theodora

5

In the Byzantine and Roman Empires, the highest church official in a major city

Patriarch

6

Holy image of Christ, the Virgin Mary, or a saint venerated in Eastern Orthodox Church

Icon

7

The official split between the Roman Catholic and the Byzantine churches

Great Schism

8

Sparse, dry, treeless grassland

Steppe

9

Capital of present-day Ukraine and center of the first Russian state

Kiev

10

Relating to the Slavic alphabet derived from the Greek; became the written scrip still used in Russia

Cyrillic

11

Mongol invaders who burned Kiev, led by Batu, the grandson of Genghis

Golden Horde

12

Ivan III; proclaimed himself first tsar after recovering much of Russia from invaders

Ivan the Great

13

Russian word for "Caesar"; absolute leader of Russia

Tsar

14

Ivan IV, who took throne as tsar in 1547; noted for his tyrannical rule

Ivan the Terrible