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Flashcards in Chapter 30 Deck (91):
1

Was started after ww2 would last more than 40 years between these two powers

The Cold War

2

The U.S. Had ___________ to protect themselves after ww2

NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)-Western Europe

3

The Soviet Union had _______ to protect themselves after ww2

Warsaw Pact-eastern europe

4

The tensions between the United States and Soviet Union was called

Iron curtain

5

_____ Berlin was democratic U.S.A

West

6

______ Berlin was communist Soviet Union

East

7

to stop the exodus east Germany built a wall in 1961 that cut off west Germany (the wall cut through Berlin and this was called. It became a key symbol of the cold air because it physically split a city in half (half being democratic and half being communist)

Berlin Wall

8

By 1953 the United States and Russia had developed _______ bombs (were more destructive than atomic bombs)

Hydrogen

9

Limited the number of nuclear weapons on each side

Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT)

10

Were missiles that could shoot down other missiles from hostile areas

Anti-Ballistic Missiles (AMBs)

11

U.S. President Ronald Reagan launched a program called _______ missiles defense against nuclear attacks

Star Wars

12

After ww2 communist forces were assisting

China and Korea

13

The United States and its allies from another alliance. This alliances contained U.S., Britain, France, Australia, Pakistan, Thailand, New Zealand and the Philippines

Southeast-asia treaty organization (SEATO)

14

Central treaty organization which comprised of Britain, turkey, Iran, and Pakistan

CENTO

15

Russia created an alliance with

Africa and Asia

16

By 1959 led his guerrilla army to victory and set about transforming the country. This is known as Cuban Revolution

Fidel Castro

17

The attempt to overthrow Castro was known as

Bay of Pigs

18

Khruschev removed the nuclear weapons from ________ and the U.S. removed nuclear missiles from _______turkey

Cuba and Turkey

19

In 1956 he shocked the top of communist party members when he publicly denounced Stalin's abuse of power. He kept Stalin's communist control. It closed down prison camps and eased censorships

Nikita Khruschev

20

In these markets economies producers and consumers make economic decisions

Free market

21

The economy and market are controlled by

Supply and demand

22

The idea is to keep communism in its existing boundaries and prevent communism from expanding

Containment

23

Were designed to protect from radioactive particles that would come after a nuclear explosion

Shelters

24

This fear went so far that a United States sensation in 1950 joseph McCarthy led a hunt for suspected American communism

Red Scare

25

He became famous for charging people to be communist without any proof these types of charges and ideology became known as McCarthyism

Joseph McCarthy

26

Americans grew more affluent and many moved from life in city to suburbs

Suburbanization

27

Usually consisted of single family houses that had lawns and access to good schools

Suburbs

28

President Dwight Eisenhower Approved government funding to build vast interstate. This allowed for further suburbanization because Americans now could work in the city and drive home to the suburbs

Highway System

29

Forced separation (in schools and homes)

Segregation

30

Which is unequal treatment in jobs, voting and social life

Discrimination

31

This ruling declared that segregating schools were unconstitutional

Brown vs. board of education Topeka

32

Emerged as a leader of the civil rights movements for African Americans. He was leading a movement which fought for equal rights. Rights to vote, right to free speech, equal job opportunities

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

33

The civil rights movement laid way for all races in America to fight for their rights

Asians, Latinos, Native Americans, Women

34

During the 1960-1970 women had the right to vote but they were still facing discrimination creating this movement which fought for equality in all areas of life (something that continues today)

Women's Rights

35

After the devastation of ww2 there were only two great powers left

United States and Soviet Union (Russia)

36

Chinese Communist had control of much of

Northern China

37

Communist regime led by _________-fought a civil war against nationalist

Mao Zedong

38

Held cities and soon each city in China fell to communism

Nationalist

39

Reshaped the economy and society of China. They did things like discourage Buddhism, Confucianism, and other traditional beliefs. They seized property and anyone who opposed them were put down

People's Republic of China

40

Which forced those peasants to pool together their land and labor

Collectivization

41

Mao's plan to create things on a superhuman level. It ended up failing because of what they ended up producing was low quality useless goods

Great Leap Forward

42

Purged China of its bourgeois tendencies and urged young chinese to experience revolutions first hand (just like his generation)

Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution

43

Capital/South Korea helped from nations like

America

44

North Korea/Communiship/ help from nations like

China and Russia

45

Is the latitude of the world map

38th parallel

46

North Korea was communist and was controlled by a dictator

Kim II Sung

47

In South Korea the Americans backed a dictator named

Syngman Rhee

48

End of the war

Armistice

49

Before ww2 the Cold War mainland Southeast Asia was conquered by

French during the 1800s

50

Which are small groups of loosely organized soldiers who made sunrise raids

Guerrillas

51

The French set out to take retake Indochina in 1946 but they faced guerrilla forces led by _____. Was communist and fought the Japanese, after which he fought the French in what is now known as the First Indochina war

Ho Chi Minh

52

The bloodiest battles in the 1954 and convinced the French to leave Vietnam

First Indochina War was in Dien Phu

53

Became divided and was also split during the Cold War

Vietnam

54

Was controlled by Ho Chi Minh and his Communist forces (help from the China, Russia, North Korea)

North Vietnam

55

Was controlled by Ngo Dinh Diem and supported by the United States

South Vietnam

56

Is the view that a community victory in south Vietnam could cause non communist governments to grow across Southeast Asia

Domino Theory

57

Which are communist rebels trying to overthrow south Vietnam's government

National Liberation Front-the Viet Cong

58

On August 1, 1964 South Vietnamese commandos conduced raids on north Vietnamese islands in the

Gulf of Tonkin

59

Thus resolution allowed for the United States to take all necessary measure to prevent further aggression on south Vietnam. After this resolution the United States started to bomb parts of north Vietnam and sent over 500,000 American troops to fighting against the north Vietnamese

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution on August 7, 1964

60

Was a random lottery of your name from a list to be picked

Draft

61

Was a turning point in American society about involvement in Vietnam

Tet Offensive

62

The odor of American troops increased anti war sentiment in America. American troops during this time were either killed,

Prisoners of wars or missing in action

63

Did not run for a second term and started to open talks with the north Vietnam

President Lyndon Johnson

64

Decided to fully terminate america's involvement in Vietnam I. 1973 I'm the Paris a peace accord. Two years after this north Vietnam conquered south Vietnam

President Richard Nixon

65

The global conflict between the two armed nations lasted for ________. But the year 1990 the struggle had finally ended, eight having any nuclear war

Half a century

66

Changed the economy in Russia to focus on consumer good rather than heavy industry, while still keeping the command economy

Nikita Khrushchev

67

The soviets were the first to launch a person into space and have the first satellite on earth (_______) they still faded sever economic problems at home

Sputnik I

68

Supported the afghan government that was trying to modernize the nation of Afghanistan

Soviet Union

69

Came to power when the Soviet Union was suffering from a bad economy and was in a prolonged war in Afghanistan. Wanted to create new reforms and avoid Cold War confrontations. He did this by signing arms control treaties with the United States and pulled out troops of from Afghanistan

Mikhail Gorbachev

70

Openness

Glasnost

71

Reform of government and economy

Perestroika

72

Gained their independence in 1990 they were being controlled by Russia since 1940 during ww2

Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania

73

Organized an independent labor union called

Solidarity

74

Led Soviet Union in 1980

Lech Walesa

75

Writer and human rights activist was elected president

Vaclav Havel

76

Were opened and the country started down a road of reunification

Berlin Wall

77

Romania's longtime leader refused to step down and was overthrown and executed

Nicolae Ceausescu

78

Battles had rated until his forces swept through China gaining complete control of the country

Mao's

79

How did Mao control China?

By winning support of the huge chinese peasant class. Communists redistributed land to the poor peasant while ending oppression by landlords. Widespread support for communists soon ensured with the hope that a new China would be built and there would be an end to foreign domination

80

Through tough fighting the Chinese helped pushed the _________ back (Down south) to the 38th parallel

United Nations

81

Ho Chi Minh during this time was pushing to unify ______ under his power and communist control

Vietnam

82

At first America only sent supplies to aid ________ but after a while we started to send in thousands of troops (crating major Cold War conflict)

South Vietnam

83

Tended to be local peasants so they knew the area better than the Americans and knew the local people better than Americans

Guerrillas

84

In 1968 guerrilla forces came out of the jungle and attacked ______ and _____ forces in cities all across the south

America and South Vietnamese

85

Are muslims religious warriors that used mountains of Afghanistan for protection

Mujaheddin

86

Led the way in the new surge of resistance that shattered the soviet satellite empire

Poland

87

In 1950s one of the focal points of the Cold War tensions was in

Berlin, Germany

88

Why did they build the Berlin Wall?

There was massive exodus (people leaving) because low-paid eastern Germans who were unhappy who were fleeing into West Berlin

89

By 1949 the Soviet Union (Russia) developed what

Nuclear Weapons

90

Supported an attempt by U.S. Trained Cuban exile to invade Cuba and overthrow Castro

John F. Kennedy

91

Their main aim was to spread it communist command economy to other countries and to be able to control other countries economies but also their political power

Soviet Union