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Signed alliances with one another

Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy, Britain, France and Russia

1

People like German Chancellor Otto Von Bismarck were predicting war rather than

Peace

2

The first of the alliances had its origins with

Bismarck

3

Bismarck signed treaties with Italy and Austria-Hungary in 1882 formed

The Triple Alliance

4

War broke out in 1914 Germany and Austria fought together they were known as

Central Powers

5

Took shape in 1893 when France and Russia formed an alliance

Triple Entente

6

In 1904 Britain signed an entente with _______-which is a non-binding to follow common politics

France

7

Helped spur the international atmosphere

Economic competitions

8

Was the nest of the Great powers and was growing into an economic and military powerhouse. Britain felt threatened by its rapid economic growth

Germany

9

In 1905 and in 191 competition for colonies brought France and Germany to the

Brink of War

10

Glorification of the military

Militarization

11

Caused added aggression and tension in Europe. The tensions were high between France and Germany

Nationalism

12

Russia sponsored a powerful form of nationalism called

Pan-Slavism

13

Proud young nation that as dreaming of creating its own south slav state

Serbia

14

Was under the rule of Austria Hungary, but still was the home to many Serbs and other Slavs

Bosnia

15

Announced that he would visit Bosnia many Serbian Nationalists became angry

Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria

16

Seized the chance and fired twice into the car. Killed the archduke and his wife

Gavrilo Princip

17

Was horrified at the assassination and basically said that he would take a stand against Serbia and whatever Austria decided to do they would have the German support

Kaiser William II

18

Final set of demands

Ultimatum

19

Prepare its military forces for war

Mobilize

20

Is a policy of supporting neither side of war

Neutrality

21

Germany had a military policy that was being developed for years by

General Alfred Von Schlieffen

22

Was designed to avoid the problem of Germany having a war that hit them on two fronts. They would first attack France because Russia had a lumbering army and would be slow to mobilize

Schlieffen Plan

23

It was the largest conflict in history up until that time

World War I or "The Great War"

24

In the World War I there was
___________french
___________british
___________russians
___________german

8.5 million french
9 million british
12 million Russians
11 million German

25

A deadlock in which neither side is able to defeat the other

Stalemate

26

Moved down waves of soldiers

Rapid Fire Machine Gun

27

Shrapnel (flying pieces of the bomb or things it would hit) would kill or wound soldiers

Long Range Artillery

28

Germany was the first to use a new weapon. The gas blinded, choked, or burned its victims

Poison gas

29

Introduced the first armored tank in 1917

Britain

30

Has mounted machine guns and were created to move across no mans land-the area between the two war fronts, but they failed to break the stalemate

Tanks

31

Pilots were known as this

Aces

32

Pilots type of fighting was called

Dogfight

33

Were large gas filled ballons were used to bomb the English coast

Zeppelin

34

German submarines were called. They did extensive damage to the allied side, sinking merchant ships carrying vital supplies to Britain

U-boats

35

Groups of merchant ships protected by warships

Convoy

36

Turkish troops trapped the allies on the beaches of the Gallipoli peninsula

Battle of Gallipoli

37

Turkey was fighting ______in the Caucasus mountains on turkey's northern border

Russian

38

On the fronts and shortages at home sapped morale

Casualties

39

As the struggle wore on, nations realized that a modern, mechanized war required the channelling of a motions entire resources into the ear effort called it

Total war

40

The draft-which required all young men to be ready for military or other service

Conscription

41

Raise taxes and borrowed huge amounts of money to pay for the cost of war. They rationed food and other products (boots to gasoline)

Government

42

Is the spreading of ideas to promote or to damage an opposing cause

Propaganda

43

Which are horrible acts committed against innocent people

Atrocities

44

Authorized his ambassador to propose that Germany would help Mexico reconquer the lost territory in New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona in return for Mexican support against the U.S.

Zimmermann note

45

A list of his terms for resolving this and future wars

Fourteen points

46

The right for people to choose their own form of government

Self-determination

47

Is the spread of a disease across a large areas (in this case the whole world)

Pandemic

48

Payments for war change

Reparations

49

People who wanted to make extreme changes, dreamed of building a new social order from the chaos

Political radicals

50

Wanted to build a postwar Britain "fit for heroes"

British prime minister David Lloyd George

51

Wanted to weaken German so they could never again threaten France

French Leader George Clemenceau

52

System in which a group of nations acts as one to preserve the peace for all

Collective security

53

Stretched from Eastern Europe east to the Pacific Ocean

Huge Russian Empire

54

Controlled the government and the economy

Landowning nobles, priests and an autocratic tsar

55

Set up after the revolution had no real power

Duma

56

Tired to ignite revolution among the proletariat

Marxists

57

The growing class of factory and railroad workers

Proletariat

58

The tsarina came to believe that _________ had miraculous powers after he helped her son, who suffered form for hemophilia a disorder in which an injury can result in uncontrollable bleeding

Rasputin

59

Influences over Alexandra had reached new heights and weakened confidence in the government

Rasputin

60

Disasters on the battlefield combined with ___________ shortages on the home front brought the monarch to collapse

Food and fuel

61

Leader of the Bolsheviks. Was born in 1870 to a middle class family, he was a brilliant revolutionary- he read the works of Karl Marx and participated in student demonstrations

Vladimir Lenin

62

Majority

Bolsheviks

63

Brought the Bolsheviks to power

Revolution

64

Armed factory workers-joining mutinous sailors from the russian fleet in attacking the provisional government

Red Guards

65

Symbolic union between workers and peasants

New flag of hammer and sickle

66

The Bolsheviks would be renamed

Communists

67

the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies

Imperialism

68

a formal agreement or treaty between two or more nations to cooperate for specific purposes

Alliance

69

is opposed to war or to violence of any kind

Pacifist

70

a member of a nomadic and warlike Asian people who devastated or controlled large parts of eastern and central Europe and who exercised their greatest power under Attila in the 5th century a.d.

Huns

71

combat in which each side occupies a system of protective trenches

Trench WarFare

72

an area between opposing armies, over which no control has been established

No Man's Island

73

a temporary suspension of hostilities by agreement of the warring parties; truce

Armistice

74

the policy or doctrine of isolating one's country from the affairs of other nations by declining to enter into alliances, foreign economic commitments, international agreements, etc

Isolationism