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Flashcards in First look at anatomy Deck (71):
0

Coronal

Front and back

1

Transverse (cross-section or horizontal) plane

Upper and lower halves

2

Midsagittal (median) plane

Left and right halves

3

Anterior (ventral)

In front of

4

Posterior (dorsal)

In back of

5

Medial

Toward the midline of the body

6

Lateral

Away from the midline of the body

7

Internal

Deep

8

Distal

Furthest from point of attachment to trunk or any point of reference

9

External

Superficial

10

Proximal

Closest to point of attachment to trunk or any point of referenc

11

Ventral

(Anterior) in front of

12

Dorsal

(Posterior) in back of

13

Cranial

(Superior) closer to the head

14

Rostral

(Superior) closer to the head

15

Caudal

(Inferior) closer to the feet

16

Axial

Head, neck, trunk

17

Appendicular

Upper extremity, lower extremity

18

Trunk

(Thorax) Breasts (mammary region), sternal region, vertebral region.

19

Abdomen

Navel (umbilicus)

20

What's in your Pelvic region?

Pubic area, lumbar region, sacral region, gluteal region

21

Lumbar

Small of back

22

Sacral

Tail

23

Gluteal

Buttocks

24

Upper extremity

Arms

25

Upper extremity is divided into:

Deltoid region, brachium, antebrachium, manus

26

Brachium

Upper arm

27

Antebrachium

Forearm

28

Manus

Hand

29

Anterior cubital

Small depressed area on the FRONT of the elbow

30

Olecranal region

Area on the BACK of the elbow

31

Lower extremity

Leg

32

Lower extremity is divided into:

Hip, Femoral region, knee, crural region, foot

33

Patellar region

FRONT surface of kneecap

34

Popliteal fossa

BACK of knee

35

Crural

Lower leg

36

Plantar surface

Sole of foot

37

Sciatic nerve

Biggest nerve in the body. Runs from the bottom of the spinal cord down the leg

38

Antecubital fossa

Small depressed area on the front of the elbow. Great place for removing blood or adding medication in VEINS

39

Caput

Head

40

Facial region contains:

Eyes, nose, mouth

41

Cranial region

Covers and supports the brain

42

Cervical region

Neck

43

Thorax

Chest

44

Axillary region

Armpits

45

Cullen's sign

Intra-abdominal bleeding

46

Perineum

The diamond -shaped region containing selected sex organs and the anal opening

47

Deltoid region

Shoulder

48

Hand is composed of

Palm, dorsum of hand, digits

49

Posterior body cavity is composed of:

Cranial cavity, vertebral cavity

50

Cranial cavity

Houses the brain

51

Vertebral cavity

Houses the spinal cord and related structures

52

Ventral body cavity

Thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities

53

Mediastinum contains:

Heart, thymus, esophogus, trachea, and several major blood vessels that connect w/ the heart

54

Pericardium

Serous membrane around the heart

55

Parietal pericardium

Outer most serous layer and it's associated fibrous layer

56

Paricardial sac

(parietal pericardium) outer most serous layer and it's associated fibrous layer (around the heart)

57

Visceral pericardium

External surface of the heart

58

Epicardium

(visceral pericardium) external surface of the heart

59

Thoracic cavity

Chest

60

Pleura

Serous membrane of ghetto lungs

61

Parietal pleura

Outer layer of the serous membrane around the lungs

62

Visceral pleura

Inner layer of the serous membrane and the external surface of the lungs

63

Peritoneum

Serous membrane that lines the abdominopelvic cavity

64

Parietal peritoneum

Lines the internal walls of the abdominopelvic cavity

65

Visceral peritoneum

Ensheathes the external surface of most digestive organds

66

Peritoneal cavity

Potential space between the peritoneum layers

67

Retroperitoneal organs

Kidney, Pancreas, Duodenum, ascending colon, descending colon, rectum, and bladder

68

Peritoneal lavage

Diagnostic test in which rinse solution is inserted and then removed from the peritoneal cavity to detect traumatic damage

69

Smaller cavities of the head include:

Oral cavity (buccal), nasal cavity, orbital cavity, middle ear cavity

70

Mucus membranes line:

Respiratory tract, digestive system, urinary tract, reproductive system