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Flashcards in pelvic girdle and lower limbs Deck (67):
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pelvic girdle

The left and right ossa coxae

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What does os coxae mean

hip bone

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What does pelvis mean

basin

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What are the bones of the pelvis

left and right ossa coxae, sacrum, coccyx

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What does the pelvis support

the urinary bladder, reproductive organs, and in pregnant women the developing fetus

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Sacroiliac joints

the articulation of the ossa coxae and the sacrum

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bones of an os coxae

ilium, ischium, and pubis

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When do the bones of an os coxae fuse

between ages 13 and 15

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acetabulum

deep curved depression that articulates with the femur

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What does acetabulum mean

vinegar cub

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What does Ilium mean

flank

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Auricular surface

Where the ilium articulates with the fused vertebrae of the sacrum

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iliac crest

superior most ridge of the ilium

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Anterior superior iliac spine

Anterior point of the iliac spine

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Posterior superior iliac spine

posterior point of the iliac spine

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Fossa lumbales laterales

dimples of venus. the dimples in a person's lower back. caused by the posterior superior iliac spine

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What does ischium mean

hip

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ischial tuberosity

posterolateral border of the ischium with a roughened projection. you sit on it

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sit bones

ischial tuberosity

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obturator foramen

space formed by the rami of the pubis and ischium

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symphysis pubis

where the two pubis bones articulate

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False pelvis

upper portion of the pelvis. forms the inferior portion of the abdominal cavity

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true pelvis

lower portion of the pelvis

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Pelvic outlet

inferior exit from the true pelvis. bound by the pubic symphysis, the ischial tuberosities, and the coccyx

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Pelvimetry

used to determine if a normal vaginal birth is possible

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Caesarian section

C-section

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Parturition

child birth

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relaxin

Hormone that loosens the symphysis pubis and the sacroiliac joint to increase the diameter of the true pelvis and pelvic outlet to facilitate parturition

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How many bones are a lower limb

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What are the bones of the lower limbs adapted for

weight bearing and locomotion

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What does femur mean

thigh

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How much pressure is require to fracture the femur

approximately 2,000 pounds per square inch

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Head of the femur

articulates with the acetabulum

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Fovea

depression in the head of the femur for a tiny ligament to connect the femur to the acetabululm

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hip fractures

fracture of the neck of the femure

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Greater trochanter

Means runner

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lesser trochanter

located on the femurs posteromedial surface

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What does linea aspera mean

rough line

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linea aspera

roughened midline ridge on the posterior portion of the the shaft of the femur

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patellar surface

Where the patella articulates with the femur

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intercondylar fossa

deep depression that separates the medial and lateral condyles on the posterior surface of the femur

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What does patella mean

small plate

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Base

superior flat part of patella

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Apex

inferior point of patella

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Articular facets of patella

Articulate with the medial and lateral condyles of the femur

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interosseous membrane

dense regular connective tissue which helps stabilize the relative positions of the tibia and fibula (and radius and ulna)

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What does Tibia mean

large shinbone

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Medial and lateral condyles of the tibia

broad flat surfaces that articulate with the medial and lateral condyles of the femur

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intercondylar eminence

separates the medial and lateral condyles of the tibia

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Fibular articular facet

on the proximal posterolateral side of the tibia where the fibula articulates with the tibia

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Superior tibiofibular joint

The articulation of the tibia and fibula on the proximal end

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Tibial tuberosity

on the proximal-anterior portion of the tibial shaft where the patellar ligament attaches

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Interosseous (I.O) infusion

life saving procedure done by inserting a needle into the medullary cavity of a bone to inject life saving fluids

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Anterior crest

shin

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medial malleolus

Thought of as an ankle bone. is actually the distal end of the tibia

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What does malleolus mean

small hammer

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Fibular notch

on the distal posterolateral side of the tibia where the fibula articulates with the tibia

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Inferior tibiofibular joint

Where the tibia and fibula articulate inferiorly

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What does fibula mean

clasp or broach

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lateral malleolus

prominent lateral knob at the distal end of the fibula

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What does Tarsal mean

flat surface

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How many tarsal bones are there

7

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Talus

articulates with both the tibia and the fibula

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What does talus mean

ankle bone

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Calcaneus

heel bone

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Hallux

great toe

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What are the arches of the foot

medial and lateral longitudinal arches and the transverse arch