Fugue: The Virtuoso Composer Flashcards Preview

J - MUSIC 101 > Fugue: The Virtuoso Composer > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fugue: The Virtuoso Composer Deck (29):
1

Fugue is a form named after a ___.

Technique.

2

Fugue is imagination in ___ ___.

Imitative polyphony.

3

Fuga

To flee, to run away.

4

Late Baroque fugues usually focus on ___ theme.

One.

5

How to canzona's differ from fugues?

There are multiple themes in canzonas, but only one in a fugue.

6

A theme in a fugue is known as a...

Subject.

7

Fugue is the exploration of how 3 or 4 voices can interact with and around the ___.

Subject.

8

The ___'s virtuosity is on display in a fugue.

Composer.

9

What is the composer's challenge in fugues?

- How long and in how many ways can you alter the subject?
- Systematic exploration of melody, counterpoint, and time.

10

How is the fugue consistent with the Baroque aesthetic?

- One subject (affect_ per piece (steady state).
- Tonal and thematic variety provided through contrapuntal ornateness, extravagance.
- Chaos with control.

11

Subject

Theme in a fugue.

12

Entry

Each statement of the subject.

13

Subject vs. Answer

Subject is the very first statement of the theme. The answer is every subsequent statement of that theme in another voice.

14

Exposition

The opening section of a fugue.

15

What order do subjects and answers go on?

Any order.

16

How to fugues begin?

Exposition, begins with the subject by itself.

17

SATB

Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Bass.

18

Second entry starts on the pitch a ___ above (or ___ below) the first.

Fifth, fourth.

19

The exposition emphasizes the critical pitches and chords/harmonies of...

The key.

20

Episode

Wherever the subject isn't being stated.

21

What is the purpose of the episode?

To modulate, to de-stabilize and to add interest.

22

Episodes are not only present in fugues, but also in ___ ___.

Ritornello form.

23

Difference between concertos and fugues:

Concertos are focussed on the solos more than the ritornello episodes, while fugues are more focused on the subjects/answers and less on the episodes.

24

Countersubject

A theme distinct from the subject that accompanies it.

25

Stretto

Quickly overlapping statements of the subject (the answer begins before the subject is over).

26

Augmentation

Subject is presented more slowly, extended note values.

27

Diminution

Subject is presented more quickly, shortened note values.

28

Inversion

Subject is turned upside down. Notes ascend when in the original subject they would have descended (and vice versa).

29

Retrograde

Backwards.

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