Ritornello and the Concerto: The Structure of Virtuoso Display Flashcards Preview

J - MUSIC 101 > Ritornello and the Concerto: The Structure of Virtuoso Display > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ritornello and the Concerto: The Structure of Virtuoso Display Deck (21)
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1

Concerto

- The central orchestral genre of the Baroque.
- Large scale work for instrumental soloist and orchestra.

2

Concertos are intended to ___.

Impress.

3

Point of Departure

An aid to the composer and audience to determine form.

4

Movement

A self contained section in a piece of music that is part of a larger work.

5

Order of movements:

Fast, slow(er) and quieter fast.

6

Can movements be performed individually?

Yes.

7

What is emphasized in the concerto?

- Virtuosity of the soloist.
- Interaction (competition) between the group and the featured individual.

8

Ritornello

The little thing that returns.

9

Ritornello is the form of ___ movements in Baroque orchestra.

Fast.

10

Ritornello is the alternation between...

Orchestral passages (ritornello) and passages for the soloist (episodes).

11

What are the passages for the soloist called in ritornelli?

Episodes.

12

Are soloists unaccompanied in ritornelli?

No, they are accompanied by basso continuo.

13

What purpose does the ritornello serve?

Point of departure and return. Stability and repetition.

14

The first and last ritornello statements are in the ___ key.

Tonic.

15

Internal ritornelli are...

Shortened and are in foreign keys.

16

What purpose do episodes serve?

- Virtuosity, harmonic instability (modulatory).
- Melodically, rhythmically adventurous.

17

Concerto Grosso

A concerto or a group of soloists and a orchestra.

18

Soloists in a concerto grosso are known as...

Concertino.

19

Full orchestra in a concerto grosso are known as...

Concerto or ripieno.

20

Why choose a concerto grosso over a concerto?

Variety and polyphonic textures in solo episodes.

21

What special instrumentation did Bach use in the Brandenburg Concertos?

Used harpsichord as concertino, not continuo.

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