The Baroque Era: Extravagance, Order Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Baroque Era: Extravagance, Order Deck (26):
1

Baroque

in music, the term used for European music from 1600-1750.

2

The Baroque is associated with...

Power, extravagance, and exaggeration.

3

Renaissance was characterized by...

Non-imitative polyphony.

4

Baroque music was composed for...

The court.

5

Baroque emotion is characterized by chaos. True or false?

False, it is characterized by extravagance.

6

What musical traits characterize Baroque music?

- Motor rhythms.
- Basso continuo.
- Single mood or emotion in a piece of section.
- Structural features that support that clarity.

7

Motor Rhythm

Regular, consistent rhythmic patterns throughout the piece of section.

8

When is the early Baroque?

1600-1700.

9

When is the late Baroque?

1700-1750.

10

Does rhythm exist in both the early and late Baroque?

Yes.

11

How did the Baroque deal with dynamics?

Began getting written in, but not large dynamic contrast. Terraced dynamics.

12

Terraced Dynamics

No crescendos or decrescendos, mostly stay at a few different levels.

13

Melody in the early Baroque:

Simple.

14

Melody in the late Baroque:

More ornate. Ornamentation.

15

Harmonic rhythm in the early Baroque:

Slow.

16

Harmony rhythm in the late Baroque:

Fast.

17

Texture in the early Baroque:

Antiphony, multiple choirs answering each other.

18

Antiphony

Multiple choirs that interact in a way.

19

Texture in the late Baroque:

Polyphony, with homophony for contrast.

20

Orchestra in the Baroque:

- Strings.
- Basso continuo.
- Festive Orchestra (brass, percussion, woodwinds).

21

Basso Continuo

Two players in the orchestra that play the bass line and harmonizing chords. Continuous bass.

22

Figured Bass

Numbers refer to intervals of notes played above bass. Indicates what chord the player is supposed to play.

23

What underpins nearly everything in the Baroque?

Basso Continuo.

24

Basso Ostinato / Ground Bass

A favourite technique in the Baroque, but widely used in many musical periods. Music from the ground up, a bass line usually in a fixed rhythm.

25

Basso Continuo evolved into ___.

Passacaglia.

26

Passacaglia

Less strict repetition, sometimes just repeated pattern of chords, variations.

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