Flashcards in Musical Alternatives before WWII Deck (13):
Capitals of Modernism:
Paris and Vienna.
Reactions to Modernism:
- Traditionalism: Neoclassicism.
- Maurice Ravel.
What type of American music began to attract attention in the 1900's?
Popular (ragtime, jazz) and African-American music.
What was a common trait of American popular music?
Curiosity-driven, experimental. Meanwhile, Europeans were employing a more calculated style. Move away from tonality was in order to achieve expressionism. Expressionism is the most extreme human feelings.
First great American composer. Nationalism, "American" music. Equated dissonance with masculinity.
All things related despite incongruity. Dissonance mirrors diversity in culture.
The Rockstrewn Hills Join the People's Outdoor Meeting
- "American" elements. Fragments of popular dances including ragtime, marches, and hymns.
- Chaotic, kaleidoscopic. Fragmented, accented dissonance. Polytonality. Celebration vs. nightmare.
The Unanswered Question
Transcendentalism at work. Two conductors, 3 levels (trumpet [unanswered question of existence], woodwinds [answers], strings [silence of the druids]).
What was the musical atmosphere like in Europe between 1919 and 1939?
- Retreat from modernism.
- Disillusionment, suspicion of progress.
- More accessible music -- retrenchment of some composers.
Uses all 12 tones of the scale to create a 12 tone row. Each pitch of the row must be stated in order. Only after the row is stated can you start the row again. You can state the row upside down, backwards, state the pitches simultaneously, etc. Schoenberg.
A clearer form, a more transparent texture, objective (sometimes playful) rather than intensely expressive form of music. Can sometimes sound impersonal. Stravinsky.
Neoclassicism mixed with impressionism.