GI protozoa Flashcards Preview

Year 1 Microbiology > GI protozoa > Flashcards

Flashcards in GI protozoa Deck (30):
1

What causes amebiasis?

Entamoeba histolytica

2

What is the transmissible form of entamoeba histolytica?

Cyst form

3

What is the pathogenesis of entamoeba histolytica?

1. Cyst form breaks out and invades wall of colon 2. Can remain in lumen to replicate or penetrate intestinal wall to go to brain, liver, etc

4

Which pathogen causes characteristic flask shaped lesions?

Entamoeba histolytica

5

Who is more infectious in an entamoeba histolytica infection - symptomatic or asymptomatic person?

Asymptomatic - more cysts in stool

6

What are the symptoms of symptomatic entamoeba histolytica infection?

Bloody, mucousy diarrhea (fever is rare)

7

What is the route of transmission for entamoeba histolytica?

Fecal-oral, ingestion of cysts

8

What are the properties of invasive amebiasis?

1. Penetration of intestinal wall by trophozoites 2. Flask shaped lesion 3. Spread via blood stream - liver abscess, abdominal pain, fever, increased WC

9

In amebiasis infection, solid stool contains more cysts or trophozoites?

Cysts

10

What is the cause of giardiasis?

Giardia lamblia

11

What is the infective stage in giardia lamblia?

Cyst

12

What is the lifecycle of giardia lamblia?

1. Excysts in duodenum 2. Multiples by longitudinal binary fission 3. Trophozoites on mucosa of duodenum 4. Trophozoites and cysts shed in stool 5. Trophozoites disintegrate, cysts reinfect

13

What are the stool characteristics for giardiasis infection?

1. Greasy, foul smelling floating stools 2. No blood 3. No fever

14

What are the properties of symptomatic vs asymptomatic individuals with giardiasis infection?

1. Symptomatic - frank abdominal distress, likely passing trophozoites in stool 2. Asymptomatic - tend to pass cyst form

15

What causes balantidiasis?

Balantidium coli

16

What are the properties of balantidium coli?

1. Only ciliated organism that infects humans 2. Disease is very similar to entamoeba histolytica 3. Can stay in lumen or invade for dysentery like symptoms 4. Frequently associated with pigs

17

What is the life cycle for balantidium coli?

1. Ingestion of infective cyst 2. Trophozoite remains in colon lumen to multiply, or invades wall of colon to multiply 3. Trophozoite detected in stool and shed

18

What causes cryptosporidiosis?

Cryptosporidium parvum

19

What is the transmission for cryptosporidium parvum?

Ingestion of fecal oocysts

20

What are the symptoms of intestinal cryptosporidiosis?

1. Profuse watery diarrhea accompanied by cramping, fatigue, and weight loss. 2. No blood

21

What is the life cycle for cryptosporidium parvum?

1. Ingest oocyte 2. Sporozoites attach to surface of intestinal epithelium and mature 3. Sexual forms develop and produce fertilized oocyst 4. Mature oocyst detected in stool 5. Cows are known reservoirs

22

What stain is used to detect mature oocysts in cryptosporidiosis?

Acid fast stain

23

What is unique about cryptosporidium parvum pathogenesis?

Sexual and asexual reproduction occur in host

24

What is the life cycle for isospora belli?

1. Ingestion of immature oocyst with sporocyst 2. Sporozoites divide and mature in cells of intestinal mucosa 3. Sexual forms develop and produce fertilized oocyst

25

What are the properties of isospora belli?

1. Often seen in immunocompromised patients 2. Fever, diarrhea, weight loss

26

What are the features of cyclospora?

1. Profuse, watery diarrhea 2. Cramping, fatigue, weight loss 3. Prolonged symptoms (weeks) 4. Similar to cryptosporidiosis

27

What is the diagnosis for cyclospora?

Oocysts fluoresce under UV light

28

What causes microsporidiosis?

Microsporidia

29

What are the properties of microsporidia?

1. Obligate intracellular parasites 2. Primitive eukaryotes 3. Infection via ingestion of spores 4. Intestinal disease or disseminated disease

30

What are the extraintestinal signs of microsporidiosis?

1. Keratoconjunctivitis - early dissemination 2. Dependent on organ system involved