Flashcards in Histology of Female Reproductive System Deck (48):
Where in the ovary are follicles found?
Where are blood vessels in the ovary?
2 functions of ovaries
egg and hormone production
Germ cell + surrounding cells in ovary
What kind of epithelia surrounds primordial oocytes?
What kind of cells are granulosa cells in primary follicles?
After the first meiotic division and division of a polar body, where in the cell cycle is there arrest?
metaphase of meiosis 2
The fibrous _______ encapsulates the ovary
The ______ is between the oocyte and follicular/granulosa cells.
T/F Follicles are vascularized.
F --> protected by basement membrane
Theca folliculi differentiates into two layers:
theca interna and externa
____ cells secrete androstenedione which is transferred to follicular cells for ____ production which is converted to _____.
theca interna --> testosterone --> estradiol
____ is connective tissue capsule-like layer continuous with ovarian stroma.
The zona granulosa proliferates t oform a fluid space called ____.
secondary follicle is defined by a _____ filled with _____ and _____.
antrum filled with glycosaminoglycans and steroid hormones
The mature graafian follicle completes the first meiotic division right before ____
The fluid filled antrum of a graafian follicle is surrounded by _____
Process by which oocyte and granulosa cells degenerate.
T/F atresia can occur at any time
Early/advanced atresia is characterized by a thickening of hte basement membrane between granulosa cells and theca interna called glassy membrane.
In the corpus luteum, follicular/granulosa cells give rise to ______ cells and secrete ____ and ____.
follicular lutein cells and secrete progesterone and estrogen
In corpus luteum, theca interna cells give rise to ______ cells and secrete ____ and ____.
theca lutein cells and secrete androgen precursors and progesterone
Where in the oviduct is the egg picked up?
Where in the oviduct does fertilization take place?
Where in the oviduct transports a fertilized egg to the uterus?
isthmus and interstitial
Which part of the oviduct has vascular supporting tissue?
Mucosal folds of the ___ form a branching core of vascular tissue.
T/F Oviduct epithelium has both ciliated and non-ciliated cells.
The ____ cells of the ampulla produce a secretion that is propelled towards the uterus.
non-ciliated --> nutritive and protective function for egg and promotes sperm activation
The epithelium of the ampulla is of what kind?
The outer layer of the uterus is called ____
The ____ layer of the uterus is smooth muscle
The _____ of the uterus consists of epithelium and lamina propia containing simple tubular glands
2 components of endometrium
basalis and functionalis
Which part of endometerium is sloughed off each cycle?
Which layer of the uterus changes the most during pregnancy?
During pregnancy, myometrium expands by what processes?
hypertrophy, hyperplasia, increase in collagen
The ____ endometrium involves proliferation of stroma and extension of glands to hte surface -- correlated with estrogen release from developing follicles.
____ endometrium is marked by ovulation and production of glycogen-rich secretion correlated with progesterone secretion.
Which layer of the vagina is stratified squamous with a glycogen lamina propria and loose connective tissue?
Which layer of the vagina has dense connective tissue rich in elastic fibers?
T/F vagina wall has glands
F --> mucus comes from uterine cervix
At what point in time do epithelial cells around ducts in breasts proliferate?
During pregnancy ____ proliferate at the ends of the ducts in breast.
Milk secretion and accumulation occurs in the alveolar ____.
What products constitute milk produced during lactation?
lipid droplets, caseins, alpha-lactalbumin