Flashcards in HIV 1 and 2 Deck (57)
#cases per population
# cases per unit of time
What age range are new AIDS diagnoses in?
What is one cure for AIDS?
Bone marrow transplant using donor mutation
Where is the mutation that cures AIDS?
Which fluids can transmit HIV?
Blood, semen, vaginal fluid, and breast milk
Is HIV diagnosis higher in males or females?
Main cause of HIV transmission in males?
Male to male sexual contact
Main cause of HIV transmission in females?
Which race has highest rate of HIV?
Why is generation X of concern?
Optomistic in that they haven't seen themselves die of AIDs
What is the one cure for AIDs?
Mutation of CCR5 delta 32 from bone marrow donors with said mutation
Which fluids cannot transfer HIV/no cases reported?
Saliva, tears, sweat
Where does HIV survive in the environment?
It doesn't. Dries and dies
3 routes of infection for neonates?
2) Infected birth canal
3) Ingestion of breast milk
Risk of passing to child in infected untreated mother?
Risk of passing to child in which mother and infant treated with HAART therapy?
Birth by C-section better or worse for transmission?
Which genus of retroviruses is HIV related to?
Difference between HIV 1 and 2?
HIV 2 less aggressive
Where would I find HIV 1?
US and Central Africa
Where would I find HIV 2?
India and West Africa
Function of Glycoprotein 120 (gp120)?
Mediates binding to CD4
Function of Glycoprotein 41 (gp41)?
Fusion to cell membranes
Lipids inside viral envelope are obtained from where?
Where can I find the major capsid protein p24 of the HIV virus?
What is the function of p24?
Purpose of the nef accessory gene?
Normal ratio of CD4 to CD8?