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Flashcards in Industrial/Organizational Psychology Deck (164)
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91

Explain Fiedler's LPC Theory

LPC means least preferred co-worker. Leaders are classified by how high of a rating they would give their LPC co-worker. High LPC's are relationship oriented and would give their LPC an overall high score. Low LPC's are task oriented and would give their LPC a low score. The theory suggests that task effectiveness is determined by situational factors as well as LPC rating.

92

Which type of leader is preferred in difficult tasks with a low likelihood of success?

Low LPC

93

Which type of leader is preferred in tasks with a moderate likelihood of success?

High LPC

94

Which type of leader is preferred in tasks with a high likelihood for success?

Low LPC

95

Low LPC leaders are preferred for what types of tasks?

Difficult or Easy Tasks

96

High LPC leaders are preferred for what types of tasks?

Moderate Difficulty Tasks

97

Explain Broom and Yetten's Model Leadership

This is a decision-making model that states that the degree of participation in decision making should depend on the importance of a decision and how quickly it needs to be made

98

Explain Situational Leadership

This model states that a leader's method of communication should be determined based on the employee's readiness to perform. It includes the following 4 methods ranked from least to most ready to perform:
Telling
Selling
Participating
Delegating

99

What is a transactional leader?

Someone who influences subordinates through daily interactions

100

What is a transformational leader?

Someone that can bring about change in subordinates

101

What are 5 types of power that can be ascribed to someone?

Reward Power
Coercive Power
Legitimate Power
Referent Power
Expert Power

102

What is reward power?

A person has the power, because they give the rewards.

103

What is coercive power?

Power that comes because of the ability to punish

104

What is legitimate power?

Power based on position in the organization

105

What is referent power?

Power based on admiration

106

What is expert power?

Power based on having an expertise or skill

107

What kind of power is a result of the ability to reward?

Reward Power

108

What kind of power is given as a result of the ability to punish?

Coercive Power

109

What kind of power is given based on one's position within the organization?

Legitimate Power

110

What kind of power is based on admiration?

Referent Power

111

What kind of power is based on having an expertise or skill?

Expert Power

112

What is the Rational Economic Model of Decision-Making

Also known as the Classical Approach
The problem needs to be clearly defined and this approach requires developing and evaluation ALL POSSIBLE solutions before choosing one

113

What is the Administrative Model of Decision-Making

Also known as the Behavioral/Satisfycing Style
This model is useful with ambiguous problems or problems for which it is not possible to evaluate or know all alternatives, or problems that require quick solutions. This model uses the first satisfactory alternative when making a decision.

114

What are some Needs Theories of motivation?

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Herzberg's Theory
ERG Theory
Machlellan's Acquired Needs Theory

115

What is Herzberg's Theory of Motivation?

Two Factor Theory (Motivator Hygiene Theory) states that what leads to satisfaction is different than what leads to dissatisfaction. Lower level hygiene needs are based on job context, and are likely to lead to dissatisfaction if not met. Upper level motivator needs refer to job content and are likely to lead to satisfaction if met.

116

According to Herzberg, what are examples of hygiene factors?

Supervisor
Working conditions
Pay
Peer Relationships

117

According to Herzberg, what are examples of motivating factors?

Achievement
Responsibility
Opportunity

118

What is Job Enrichment?

Expanding jobs to give people more role in creating their jobs. This is vertical loading.

119

What are some positive consequences of job enrichment?

Increases satisfaction and productivity. Decreases turnover and absenteeism.

120

What is Job Enlargement?

Horizontal Loading. It expands the variety of tasks, but not increased responsibility or autonomy.