Flashcards in Industrial/Organizational Psychology Deck (164)
Explain Fiedler's LPC Theory
LPC means least preferred co-worker. Leaders are classified by how high of a rating they would give their LPC co-worker. High LPC's are relationship oriented and would give their LPC an overall high score. Low LPC's are task oriented and would give their LPC a low score. The theory suggests that task effectiveness is determined by situational factors as well as LPC rating.
Which type of leader is preferred in difficult tasks with a low likelihood of success?
Which type of leader is preferred in tasks with a moderate likelihood of success?
Which type of leader is preferred in tasks with a high likelihood for success?
Low LPC leaders are preferred for what types of tasks?
Difficult or Easy Tasks
High LPC leaders are preferred for what types of tasks?
Moderate Difficulty Tasks
Explain Broom and Yetten's Model Leadership
This is a decision-making model that states that the degree of participation in decision making should depend on the importance of a decision and how quickly it needs to be made
Explain Situational Leadership
This model states that a leader's method of communication should be determined based on the employee's readiness to perform. It includes the following 4 methods ranked from least to most ready to perform:
What is a transactional leader?
Someone who influences subordinates through daily interactions
What is a transformational leader?
Someone that can bring about change in subordinates
What are 5 types of power that can be ascribed to someone?
What is reward power?
A person has the power, because they give the rewards.
What is coercive power?
Power that comes because of the ability to punish
What is legitimate power?
Power based on position in the organization
What is referent power?
Power based on admiration
What is expert power?
Power based on having an expertise or skill
What kind of power is a result of the ability to reward?
What kind of power is given as a result of the ability to punish?
What kind of power is given based on one's position within the organization?
What kind of power is based on admiration?
What kind of power is based on having an expertise or skill?
What is the Rational Economic Model of Decision-Making
Also known as the Classical Approach
The problem needs to be clearly defined and this approach requires developing and evaluation ALL POSSIBLE solutions before choosing one
What is the Administrative Model of Decision-Making
Also known as the Behavioral/Satisfycing Style
This model is useful with ambiguous problems or problems for which it is not possible to evaluate or know all alternatives, or problems that require quick solutions. This model uses the first satisfactory alternative when making a decision.
What are some Needs Theories of motivation?
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Machlellan's Acquired Needs Theory
What is Herzberg's Theory of Motivation?
Two Factor Theory (Motivator Hygiene Theory) states that what leads to satisfaction is different than what leads to dissatisfaction. Lower level hygiene needs are based on job context, and are likely to lead to dissatisfaction if not met. Upper level motivator needs refer to job content and are likely to lead to satisfaction if met.
According to Herzberg, what are examples of hygiene factors?
According to Herzberg, what are examples of motivating factors?
What is Job Enrichment?
Expanding jobs to give people more role in creating their jobs. This is vertical loading.
What are some positive consequences of job enrichment?
Increases satisfaction and productivity. Decreases turnover and absenteeism.