Flashcards in Intro to Endocrine Deck (14)
What is a hormone?
A chemical substance released in small quantities from certain glands that travel through teh circulatory system to elicit a specific response in other cells.
DOES NOT include intracellular messengers like cyclic AMP, local mediators like Nitric Oxide, CO2
What are some examples of Neuroendocrine
Posterior Pituitary, Adrenal Medulla, Hypothalmic releasing hormones.
Three general categories of hormones?
-Steroids and Steroid like hormones
-Amino Acid Derivatives
-Peptide and Proteins
Steroids and steroid like hormones are derived from what?
Amino Acid Derivatives are derived from
Endocrine gland locations
Two methods of hormone action
Direct or Indirect or Permissive
What is permissive action
A hormone that allows another hormone to work better. Example: Thyroid hormone allowing epinephrine to mobilize large amounts of fatty acids by causing an increased number of epinephrine receptors
What type of hormones use intracellular receptors?
Steroids and Thyroid Hormone
What is the function of second messengers
1) Amplify hormone signaling
2) Disperse Hormone signaling
What are the three categories of hormones measurements
Free, Bound, Total (free + bound)
What's the active form of a hormone
Free, that't the type that can get across the capillary
What are some types of hormones that use intracellular receptors?
Steroids and Thyroid hormone