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Flashcards in IV fluids Deck (8)
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1

what constitutes mild dehydration

5% loss of body weight

2

what are the features of mild dehydration

increased pulse
dry mouth
oliguria
thirst

3

what are the features of moderate dehydration (10%)

agitation/ drowsiness
loss of turgor, dry skin, sunken eyes and fontanelles
fast pulse
anuria
very dry mouth

4

what are features of severe dehydration (15%)

unconscious
mottled skin
fast and thready pulse
anuria
hypotension
tachypnoea
coma

5

approx how much sodium is required per day

100- 150 mmol / day

6

approx how much potassium is required per day

30- 60 mmol/ day

7

how much sodium does one liter of saline contain

150 mml

8

what should you consider when prescribing fluids

hypo/hypervolaemic?
fluid intake?
fluid losses?
what kind of fluid? iso/hyper/hypotonic
what rate and volume of fluids