drug and alcohol addiction Flashcards Preview

MD3002 post MSA > drug and alcohol addiction > Flashcards

Flashcards in drug and alcohol addiction Deck (22):
1

what are the criteria for a substance use disorder

1. Taking the substance in larger amounts or for longer than you meant to
2. Wanting to cut down or stop using the substance but not managing to
3. Spending a lot of time getting, using, or recovering from use of the substance
4. Cravings and urges to use the substance
5. Not managing to do what you should at work, home or school, because of
substance use
6. Continuing to use, even when it causes problems in relationships
7. Giving up important social, occupational or recreational activities because of
substance use
8. Using substances again and again, even when it puts you in danger
9. Continuing to use, even when you know you have a physical or psychological
problem that could have been caused or made worse by the substance
10.Needing more of the substance to get the effect you want (tolerance)
11.Development of withdrawal symptoms, which can be relieved by taking more of
the substance.

2

what class of drugs are cannabis, LSD, mushrooms,
solvents

hallucinogens

3

what class of drugs are cocaine,
amphetamine, nicotine, caffeine, ecstasy

Stimulants

4

what class of drugs are alcohol, benzodiazepines and opiods

depressants

5

what are the signs of cannabis use

Bloodshot eyes, brown fingers,
drowsiness/slowed down, smell, lack of
focus/concentration

6

what are the signs of stimulant use

Agitation, pressure of speech, lack of
focus/concentration, mood fluctuation

7

what are the signs of opiate use

Gauching, ‘pinned’ pupils, signs of injecting,
brown fingers, flu like symptoms (withdrawal)

8

what are the signs of sedative use

Drowsiness, slurred speech, poor
memory/recollection

9

what proportion of addiction is believed to be heritable

50%

10

what factors should be considered in the biopsychosocial model

predisposing factors
protective factors
precipitating factors
maintaining factors
presenting problems

11

what are the criteria for diagnosis of a substance misuse disorder

impaired control
social impairment
risky behaviour
pharmacological criteria

12

what is the moral model of addiction

addiction is wilful violation of societal rules
no biological basis
human weakness
lack of morals

13

what is the dispositional disease model

loss of control and restraint
no cure except for total abstinence
causative factor is the individual

14

what is the medical model of addiction

genetic and psychological process in addiction
biological conditions which cause addiction
pharmacology of the substance
agent of change is drs

15

what is the personality model

individual has abnormal personality
poor impulse control etc
restructuring of personality in order to cure person

16

what is the behavioral model

conditioning is behaviour modification - classical conditioning
substance misuse is a learned behaviour so treatment involves re learning

17

what is associative leaning

classical conditioning
connecting two otherwise unrelated cues,

18

what is instrumental learning

aka operant conditioning
learning to connnect actions with consequences

19

what is the cognitive model

perception and thought influence behaviour

addictive thinking maintains drug use
change in motivation, cognition and appraisal can change addictive behaviours

20

what are thinking errors

permission giving
minimisation
rationalisation
denial
blaming

21

what is the biopsycosocial model

interaction of biological factors, mental and social factors
holistic
predisposing factors, precipitating events, maintaining factors, and protective factors

in order to treat addictions you must understand what caused them and what maintains them
and what is the presenting problem

protective factors- what is there to help them

22

how is the patient assesed

interview and standard assessment measures
corroboration from others
objective assessment of health
initial treatment plan