Magnesium Flashcards Preview

MD3002 post MSA > Magnesium > Flashcards

Flashcards in Magnesium Deck (12):
1

what is normal magnesium serum concentration

0.75-0.95 mmol/l

2

where is magnesium found

muscle, bone and soft tissue (intracellular)

3

what is magnesium used for

cofactor- energy metabolism, nucleic acid synthesis and transporting ions across cell membranes

4

what foods contain magnesium

green leafy vegetables and legumes

5

where is magnesium absorbed

ileum and colon

6

how are magnesium levels controlled

excreted by the kidney

7

what are the causes of hypomagnesaemia

alcoholism
malnutrition
malabsorption
diarrhoea
diuretics
IBDs
MI

8

what is a common cause of hypermagnesaemia

kidney failure

9

what are the symptoms of hypomagnesaemia

confusion
weakness
abnormal heat rhythm
tremours
cardiac arrest

10

how is magnesium administered

intravenously

11

what is magnesium used to treat

ventricular arrythmias
acute severe asthma
eclampsia and pre eclampsia

12

how can renal failure affect magnesium

increases due to it not being excreted