Lecture 75: Models of the Mind Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 75: Models of the Mind Deck (32):
1

High yield sentence about models of the mind:

Everything you say and do is filtered through your unique prior experiences, which themselves are constructed of conscious and unconscious templates and schemas that are accrued over a lifetime

2

Freud believed the adult mind is controlled by (2)

Unconscious life and childhood experiences

3

Id

It --> drives, pleasure principle, unconscious

4

Ego

I, me --> executive moderator, unconscious + conscious

5

Supergo

Above me --> morals, conscience, self-criticism, unconscious + conscious

6

Conflicting needs breaks down to...What do we need to do?

Approach (desire) vs avoidance (of pain); make choices/balance

7

Describe self homeostasis

What we do to avoid dissonance/emotional overload

8

Transference (def)

Transfer of past relationships onto someone/something in the present

9

Effects of transference on treatment (2)

Restrict patient's responses/choice; alter judgement and insight of patient and doctor

10

T/F: Transference to medications exists

True! Placebo/nocebo effect

11

Countertransference

Pt's affective/emotional cues activate associational networks in the doctor

12

Countertransference: Empathy

Doctor experiences patient's feelings

13

Countertransference: Role responsiveness

Doctor experiences feeling similar to what other people in the patient's life have felt in response to the patient

14

Defense mechanisms: psychodynamic model and definition

Self homeostasis; one's mind unconsciously distorts or avoids certain perceptions/thoughts/feelings to preserve the self

15

Are defenses pathological?

Not necessarily, pathology is related to rigid use of limited defenses AND/OR immaturity of defenses

16

Repression (def: how it works)

Distressing mental contents may cause problem --> blocked from entering awareness --> reduced distress

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Health markers of repression (2, broad)

Stress heart and immune system

18

Altruism as a defense...

To avoid guilty/distressing feelings of awareness of own satisfaction

19

T/F: Humor can be a defense

True

20

Suppression is unique in that...Definition:

It is the only CONSCIOUS defense mechanism; conscious pushing away a thought or feeling

21

Sublimation (definition and example)

Expressing unacceptable feeling or thought in an acceptable way (example: man with murderous impulse enters military)

22

Displacement (def)

Directing one's feelings to a safer object/person (taking out)

23

Rationalization (def)

Offering acceptable reasons for why you do what you do or feel what you feel

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Intellectualization (def)

Focus on abstract logic/thinking to minimize distressing feelings about an event

25

Isolation of an affect (definition and example)

Remaining aware of descriptive details of an event but losing connection with feelings about the event (example: trauma surgeon cutting off a leg)

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Identification with the aggressor (definition and example)

Reversing the power roles so that you are not the object of the threat, end up making the threat (example: throwing away stuffed animals when Daddy doesn't come home)

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Reaction formation (definition and example)

Behaviors, thoughts, feelings are the complete opposite of your unconscious desires (example: being very nice to someone you don't like)

28

Somatization (def)

Locating intolerable thoughts/feelings in the body

29

Immature defenses (7 and brief description)

Acting out (action not reflection), splitting (all-good, all-bad), projection (projecting feelings onto another person), projective identification (target of projection begins to take on what is projected), denial (dismissing obvious, difficult realities), withdrawal (retreating into one's own world), dissociation (temporary changes in personality, memory, consciousness)

30

Characteristics of immature defenses

Distort reality and are global: all this or that, no mixed feelings

31

What is the extreme of splitting

Dissociation

32

Who uses defenses?

Everyone!

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