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Flashcards in Microbiology systems Deck (113)
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31

What is the #1 cause of meningitis in teenagers?

neisseria meningitidis

32

What is bacterial cause of meningitis is commonly found in all age group, besides neonates?

Strep pneumoniae

33

What is the treatment for meningitis?

ceftriaxone + vanco

34

What abx should be added to the treatment for acute meningitis if listeria is suspected?

Ampicillin

35

true or false: HSV1 causes meningitis

false, causes encephalitis

36

What was the most common cause of pediatric meningitis 15 years ago?

HIB

37

Increased opening pressure of spinal tap + PMNs + increase protein + decreased sugar = what cause of meningitis (bacterial, viral, or fungal)?

bacterial

38

Increased opening pressure + increased lymphocytes + increased protein + decreased sugar = what cause of meningitis (bacterial, viral, or fungal)?

Fungal/TB

39

Normal opening pressure + increased lymphocytes + normal protein levels + normal sugar levels = what cause of meningitis?

viral

40

Osteomyelitis is most commonly caused by which bacteria?

Staph aureus

41

Which sexually transmitted bacteria can cause osteomyelitis?

N. Gonorrhoeae

42

Osteomyelitis in DM and IV drug users is commonly caused by which bacteria?

Pseudomonas or serratia

43

Sickle cell pt with osteomyelitis = ?

Salmonella

44

Osteomyelitis caused by a prosthetic joint replacement = ?

S. Aureus and S. epidermidis

45

Osteomyelitis caused by a dog or cat bite = which bacterial cause?

Pasteurella multocida

46

Nitrate urine test is positive for UTIs caused by what type of bacteria (gram + or -)?

gram negative

47

Leukocyte esterase test + in a urine test = UTI caused by what type of organism (viral, bacterial, or fungal)?

Baterial

48

+ urease test on urine test = which bacteria?

Proteus or klebsiella

49

- urease test on urine test = which bacteria?

E.coli, enterobacter

50

What are the three leading causes of UTIs in women?

E.coli
Staph Saprophyticus
Klebsiella pneumoniae

51

Swarming on agar = which bacteria?

Proteus

52

Blue-green pigment producing bacteria = ?

Pseudomonas Aeruginosa

53

Red pigmented bacteria = ?

Serratia

54

thin white vaginal discharge + fishy odor without inflammation = ?

BV

55

Frothy, grey-green, and foul smelling discharge with inflammation = ?

trichomoniasis

56

Clue cells = ?

BV

57

What is the treatment for BV?

Metronidazole

58

What is the treatment for trichomoniasis?

Metronidazole

59

What is the treatment for candida vulvovaginitis?

azoles

60

Thick, white "cottage cheese" vaginal discharge + inflammation = ?

candida Vulvovaginitis