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Flashcards in Microbiology systems Deck (113)
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61

What are the TORCHeS infections?

Toxoplasmosis
Other
Rubella
CMV
HIV
Herpes
Syphilis

62

Chorioretinitis +hydrocephalus + intracranial calcifications in a neonate =?

Toxoplasmosis

63

PDA + cataracts + deafness + blueberry muffin baby = ?

Rubella

64

Hearing loss + Szs + petechial rash + blueberry muffin rash in a neonate =?

CMV

65

Encephalitis + herpetic lesions in a neonate = ?

HSV-2

66

Hydrops fetalis or notched teeth, saddle nose, saber shins = ?

Congenital syphilis

67

What is the cause of hand-foot and mouth disease?

coxsackievirus type A

68

vasicular rash on palsm and soles, with vesciles and ulcers in the mouth = ?

hand foot and mouth disease (caused by coxsackievirus type A)

69

what is the cause of roseola?

HHV-6

70

What are the symptoms of roseola?

macular rash over the body after a fever/

71

What is the virus that causes fifth disease (slapped cheek syndrome)?

parvovirus B19

72

What is virus that causes measles?

Rubeola

73

rash that begins at the head and moves down = ?

Rubella (german measles)

74

What are the three C's of measles?

Cough
Coryza
Conjunctivitis

75

erythematous, sandpaper like rash with fever and sore throat = ?

Scarlet fever (caused by strep pyogenes)

76

vesicular rash that begins on the trunk and spreads outward with lesions at different stages = ?

VZV (chicken pox)

77

rash the begins distally, spreads proximally, and evolves all at the same time = ?

Smallpox

78

What is the virus that causes smallpox?

Variola

79

What causes chancroid?

Haemophilus ducreyi

80

What causes condylomata acuminata?

HSV-6 and 11

81

What causes genital herpes (which serotypes of the herpes virus?

HSV2

82

Painless chancre = ?

Primary Syphilis (treponema pallidum)

83

Fever + lymphadenopathy + skin rashes + condylomata = which STI?

Secondary syphilis

84

Gummas + Argyll Robertson pupil = ?

tertiary syphilis

85

Vaginitis + strawberry cervix + motile in wet prep = ?

trichomoniasis

86

What are the two most common causes of PID in order?

Chlamydia trachomatis
Neisseria gonorrhoeae

87

What is Hugh-Curtis syndrome?

Infection of the liver capsule and violin string adhesions of the peritoneum to the liver

88

What is the major nosocomial risk factor for an infection with candida albicans?

Hyperalimentation

89

What is the major nosocomial risk factor for an infection with CMV or RSV?

Hospitalization in newborn nursery

90

What are the two most common nosocomial causes of UTIs caused by catheterization?

E.coli
S. Aureus