Module 1: Organization of the Human Body Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 1: Organization of the Human Body Deck (84)
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1

Anatomy

science of body structures and the relationships among them

2

dissection

careful cutting apart of body structures to study

3

Physiology

the science of body functions

4

Embryology

first 8 weeks of development after fertilization of a human egg

5

Developmental biology

complete development of an individual from fertilization to death

6

Cell biology

Cellular structure and function

7

Histology

study of microscopic structure of tissues

8

Gross anatomy

Structures that can be examined without a microscope

9

Systemic anatomy

Structure of specific systems of the body
ex. nervous, respiratory system

10

Regional anatomy

Specific regions of the body such as the head or chest

11

Surface anatomy

Surface markings of the body to understand internal anatomy through visualization and palpation

12

Pathological anatomy

Structural changes (gross to microscopic) associated with disease

13

Neurophysiology

Functional properties of nerve cells

14

Endocrinology

Hormones and how they control body functions

15

Cardiovascular physiology

Functions of the heart and blood vessels

16

Immunology

The body defences against disease-causing agents

17

Respiratory physiology

Functions of the air passageways and lungs

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Renal physiology

Functions of the kidneys

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Exercise physiology

changes in cell and organ functions due to muscular activity

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Pathophysiology

Functional changes associated with disease and aging

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Levels of structural organization (Small-high)

Chemical
Cellular
Tissue
Organ
System
Organismal

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Chemical level (simplest)

Interactions and combinations of atoms

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Cellular Level

Combinations of molecules forming cells

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Tissue Level

Similar cells working together to perform a similar function

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Organ Level

Several types of tissue that work together to perform a similar function

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System Level

Several organs that each have a specific function int he overall activity of a body system

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Organismal Level (highest)

All the body systems

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11 Major systems

Integumentary
Skeletal
Muscular
Nervous
Endocrine
Cardiovascular
Lymphatic/immune
Digestive
Respiratory
Urinary
Reproductive

29

Integumentary System

Skin, accessory organs (hair, nails, sweat glands)
Regulates body temp

30

Skeletal System

Bones of the skeleton and associated cartilage
Protects/supports organs, forms blood cells, stores minerals