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Flashcards in Module 8 Study Guide Deck (114):
1

Which of the following best describes why medical assistants need an understanding of diagnostic imaging?
A. To perform chest x-rays in offices
B. To prepare patients for their results
C. To instruct patients in preparation
D. To know which brochures to give patients

To instruct patients in preparation

2

Which of the following x-ray equipment is not protected by lead?
A. Control panel
B. Tube
C. Table
D. All are protected

Table

3

Which of the following is true statement about the dosimeter?
A. Read yearly
B. Reports exposure to federal authorities
C. Records direct exposure only
D. Records on a strip of film

Records on a strip of film

4

Which of the following is NOT commonly used as a contrast medium?
A. Barium
B. Air
C. Water
D. Iodine

Water

5

Which of the following is used as a contrast medium for kidney and gallbladder exams?
A. Barium
B. Air
C. Water
D. Iodine

Iodine

6

Which of the following is part of patient preparation?
A. Ensure thorough patient knowledge of the procedure
B. Ensure that patient understands the prep
C. Verbal instructions are given
D. Written instructions are taken home
E. All of the above

All of the above

7

Which of the following types of diagnostic imaging has been available longer than the others?
A. PET Scan
B. CT scan
C. Ultrasound
D. MRI

Ultrasound

8

Which of the following is used to emit and receive sound waves when ultrasound is performed?
A. Oscilloscope
B. Transilluminator
C. Transducer
D. Radionuclide

Transducer

9

Which of the following must be of the highest resolution more than any other x-ray?
A. Ultrasound
B. Mammogram
C. Flat plate
D. CT scan

Mammogram

10

Which of the following refers to an x-ray directed from the front of the body to the back?
A. Lateral
B. Oblique
C. Posteroanterior
D. Anterioposterior

Anterioposterior

11

Which of the following describes the procedure used when the radiologist wants to view internal organs in motion?
A. PET scan
B. CT scan
C. X-ray
D. MRI
E. Fluoroscopy

Fluoroscopy

12

Which of the following is an imaging procedure requiring injection of charged particles?
A. PET scan
B. CT scan
C. Ultrasound
D. MRI
E. Fluoroscopy

PET scan

13

Which of the following procedures produces a series of cross-sectional images?
A. PET scan
B. CT scan
C. Ultrasound
D. MRI
E. Fluoroscopy

CT Scan

14

Which of the following is a superior procedure for visualizing the brain?
A. PET scan
B. CT scan
C. Ultrasound
D. MRI
E. Fluoroscopy

MRI

15

Which of the following is an imaging procedure in which patients often experience claustrophobia?
A. PET scan
B. CT scan
C. Ultrasound
D. MRI
E. Fluoroscopy

MRI

16

Which of the following procedures helps in directing radiation for tumor masses?
A. PET scan
B. CT scan
C. Ultrasound
D. MRI
E. Fluoroscopy

CT scan

17

Which of the following is NOT considered to have a greater imaging detail than conventional radiographs?
A. MRI
B. CT
C. Ultrasound
D. Barium enema

Barium enema

18

Which of the following is NOT true about radiographs?
A. Heat and moisture can damage them
B. They should be stored in a cool, dark place
C. Envelopes must have identification on outside and on the x-ray
D. Films are the property of the patient

Films are the property of the patient

19

Which of the following is NOT a side effect of radiation therapy?
A. Vomiting
B. Hair loss
C. Anorexia
D. Stomatitis
E. Diarrhea

Diarrhea

20

Mrs. Lane is scheduled for a barium enema in 3 days. For which of the following diseases is this test primarily performed?
A. Hiatal hernia
B. Esophageal varices
C. Polyps, tumors, and lesions
D. Kidney blockage

Polyps, tumors, and lesions

21

When does patient preparation take place for a barium enema?
A. Immediately before
B. Four hours before
C. From midnight of the prior day
D. From the entire day before

From the entire day before

22

Which of the following is NOT included in patient preparation for a barium enema?
A. Special diet
B. No water
C. Laxative
D. Enemas

No water

23

Which of the following must be included in the post-procedure instructions you give to the patient after a barium enema?
A. Take a laxative
B. Report if no bowel movement occurs within 24 hours
C. Be careful of fiber for 3 days
D. There are no special instructions

Report if no bowel movement occurs within 24 hours

24

A technique that allows radiologic procedures to be done without using regular x-ray film is known as what?
A. Computed radiography
B. Computer tomography
C. Magnetic reasoning
D. Ultrasound

Computed radiography

25

Which of the following refers to an x-ray directed from one side to the opposite side?
A. Anterioposterior
B. Posteroanterior
C. Lateral
D. Supine

Lateral

26

Which view requires the body to be positioned at an angle?
A. Anterioposterior
B. Oblique
C. Supine
D. Prone

Oblique

27

Patients cannot have a CT scan or MRI if they have which of the following?
A. Dental fillings
B. Pacemakers
C. Braces
D. All of the above

Pacemakers

28

A noninvasive technique used to evaluate blood flow through the major arteries and veins of the neck, arms, and legs is known as what?
A. Cardiac ultrasound
B. Doppler ultrasonography
C. MRI
D. CT

Doppler ultrasonography

29

What is the benefit of CAD mammograms?
A. The images are much clearer than traditional mammograms
B. The computer may detect something which was missed
C. They are less expensive than traditional mammograms
D. They are more reliable than traditional mammograms

The computer may detect something which was missed

30

Which of the following is NOT included in the medical assistant's role with rehabilitation modalities in the ambulatory care setting?
A. Providing understanding and encouragement
B. Acknowledging frustrations at loss of function and challenges
C. Prescribing types of therapies
D. Respecting dignity
E. Encouraging good body mechanics

Prescribing types of therapies

31

Which of the following best describes normal daily self-care such as brushing teeth, getting dressed, and eating?
A. Occupational therapies
B. Activities of daily living
C. Normal range of motion
D. Rehabilitation medicine

Activities of daily living

32

Which of the following is an essential part of good posture?
A. Shoulders level
B. Pelvis straight
C. Chin and chest up
D. Feet slightly averted
E. Weight even on legs with knees straight

Chin and chest up

33

Which of the following is NOT an appropriate action when lifting or moving patients?
A. Get as close as possible to the object or person
B. Keep feet apart and one slightly in front of the other
C. Keep back straight to transfer workload
D. Use back muscles when lifting patient
E. Bend from hips

Use back muscles when lifting patient

34

Which of the following is NOT a concern for safety when assisting patients to ambulate?
A. Make sure the patient is ready to walk
B. Use a gait belt
C. Patient should be wearing supportive, flat, rubber-soled shoes
D. Ambulate for a minimum of 30 minutes
E. Never hurry a patient

Ambulate for a minimum of 30 minutes

35

Which of the following involves the process of recording muscle activities on a graph to determine how well muscles contract?
A. Electromyography
B. Electroencephalography
C. Muscle testing
D. Range-of-motion testing

Electromyography

36

Which of the following is the major advantage of using crutches over other assistive devices?
A. Requires less coordination
B. Provides more mobility and flexibility
C. Used equally by persons of any age
D. Adaptable to stairs or level areas
E. Frequently requested by patients

Provides more mobility and flexibility

37

Which of the following best describes when the forearm or Canadian crutches are generally used?
A. For patients who require less coordination
B. For patients who have limited strength
C. For patients who need them long term
D. When adaptability to stairs is needed
E. When patients request them

For patients who need them long term

38

For what type of patient is the platform crutch used?
A. Cannot bear weight on hands
B. Has excessive arm strength
C. Needs them short term
D. Adaptability to stairs is not needed
E. Patients who request them

Cannot bear weight on hands

39

When measuring for axillary crutches, what is the elbow angle and the distance from the top of the crutch to the armpit?
A. 15 degrees and 2 inches below armpit
B. 20 degrees and 1 inch below armpit
C. 30 degrees and 2 inch below armpit
D. 30 degrees and 3 inches below armpit

30 degrees and 2 inches below armpit

40

When instructing patients in the use of axillary crutches, which of the following is most important?
A. Know all the crutch gaits
B. Use the armpits for half the weight
C. Wear platform, nonskid shoes
D. Put all weight on hands

Put all weight on hands

41

Which of the following is an appropriate step when transferring a patient from the wheelchair to the examination table?
A. Place the wheelchair next to the examination table
B. Place the gait belt snugly around the assistant's waist
C. Place the patient's feet flat on the floor
D. Have the patient sit on the edge of the wheelchair
E. All of the above

All of the above

42

Which of the following is NOT an advantage to using a walker?
A. Lightweight
B. Can be adjusted for height
C. Can be used on uneven ground
D. Can be fitted for wheels to push
E. Provides ambulation with confidence

Can be used on uneven ground

43

Which of the following gaits is used when both crutches and the weak leg are advanced at the same time?
A. Two point
B. Three point
C. Four point
D. Swing to
E. Swing through

Three point

44

Which of the following gaits is used when the patient starts with crutches at his side, then moves crutches forward, and then swings both feet together into the crutches?
A. Two point
B. Three point
C. Four point
D. Swing to
E. Swing through

Swing to

45

Which of the following patients would be prescribed a wheelchair?
A. Has any disability
B. Cannot ambulate
C. Has limited motion
D. Is partially paralyzed

Cannot ambulate

46

Which of the following refers to moving a body prat outward?
A. Circumduction
B. Eversion
C. Inversion
D. Abduction

Eversion

47

Which of the following refers to straightening a body part?
A. Dorsiflexion
B. Extension
C. Supination
D. Adduction

Extension

48

The instrument used to measure joint motion is called?
A. ROM
B. Goniometry
C. Goniometer
D. Jointmeter

Goniometer

49

Which of the following best defines the use of activities to help restore independent functioning after an injury or illness?
A. Occupational therapy
B. Physical therapy
C. Physiotherapy
D. Sports medicine

Occupational therapy

50

Which of the following is the mot appropriate when transferring a patient?
A. Lift the patient by the arms or armpits
B. Use a gait belt around the patient's waist always
C. Have the patient put her arms around your neck or on your shoulders
D. Tell the patient not to try to help you

Use a gait belt around the patient's waist always

51

Which type of assistive device provides maximum assistance with balance and coordination, as well as stability and support, when the patient is standing or walking?
A. Walkers
B. Canes
C. Quad canes
D. Crutches

Walkers

52

Which of the following is NOT the most appropriate when using a cane?
A. Place the cane handle at the level of the patient's hip joint
B. Place the cane to the side of the foot of the strong leg
C. Have the patient move the strong leg forward while transferring the weight to the cane
D. Patient should flex elbow 20 to 30 degrees

Have the patient move the strong leg forward while transferring the weight to the cane

53

Which of the following is the most appropriate action when a patient uses a wheelchair?
A. Make sure the brakes are locked when transferring the patient
B. Let the patient's feet dangle
C. Always go forward into and out of elevators
D. Stay to the center of corridors

Make sure the brakes are locked when transferring the patient

54

Which of the following should be remembered when performing ROM exercises on a patient?
A. Support the limb at the joint
B. Do each movement only one time
C. Position the patient in the supine position
D. Use quick movements
E. Have the patient go past the joint of pain

Position the patient in the supine position

55

Which of the following is true when starting any heat or cold modality treatments?
A. Infants and the elderly are particularly susceptible to burns
B. Patients should lie on heating pads to be most effective
C. Both a and b are true
D. Cover device with a cloth before applying
E. Both a and d are true

Both a and d are true

56

If you are soaking or immersing patients in water, the water temperature must NOT be greater than which of the following?
A. 50 F
B. 75 F
C. 111 F
D. 110 F

110 F

57

Which of the following is NOT true regarding ultrasound?
A. It is high-frequency acoustic vibration
B. It is effective for acute or chronic pain and injuries
C. It relaxes muscles spasms
D. It travels best through bone
E. It must be used carefully

It travels best through bone

58

Paralysis of one side of the body resulting from a stroke, accident, or other condition is known as what?
A. Hemiplegia
B. Paraplegia
C. Semiplegia
D. Quadriplegia

Hemiplegia

59

Which of the following is NOT a type of crutch prescribed for patients?
A. Axillary
B. Forearm
C. Platform
D. Standard

Standard

60

A method of using electric current to stimulate nerves is known as what?
A. ONES
B. TENS
C. FOURS
D. FIVES

TENS

61

A physiological benefit from massage therapy is what?
A. Increased metabolism
B. Promotion of healing
C. Improving circulation
D. All of the above

All of the above

62

Which of the following includes lignin, cellulose, gums, and pectins?
A. Fibers
B. Carbohydrates
C. Fat
D. Minerals

Fibers

63

Which of the following is the most important recommendation when you encourage patients to evaluate food labels?
A. Cholesterol
B. Calories from fat
C. Total sodium
D. Low fiber foods

Calories from fat

64

Which of the following best describes a stage of life when there is a decreased need for calories because of general decline in physical activity?
A. Pregnancy
B. Infancy
C. Adolescence
D. Elderly

Elderly

65

Which of the following best describes a stage of life in which individuals experience the greatest levels of growth and the need for total nutrients is greater at this stage?
A. Pregnancy
B. Infancy
C. Adolescence
D. Elderly

Adolescence

66

Which of the following statement is most correct concerning weight control?
A. There is an ideal weight for the entire population
B. There is an ideal weight for each individual
C. Charts give ranges that vary more than 50 pounds
D. Individuals will gain weight if they use more calories than they ingest

There is an ideal weight for each individual

67

A patient who is obese has a total body weight that is what percentage greater than their ideal weight?
A. 5
B. 20
C. 40
D. 50

20

68

Which of the following terms is used to describe the physical and chemical changes to food that the body makes?
A. Digestion
B. Metabolism
C. Nutrition
D. Indigestion
E. Anabolism

Digestion

69

Which of the following statements is false regarding digestion?
A. Digestion is the process of breaking down food, either physically or chemically
B. The entire process takes place in the stomach
C. Mechanical digestion begins in the mouth
D. The large intestine absorbs water and some other nutrients and collects for residue for excretion

The entire process takes place in the stomach

70

Which of the following is the most rapidly absorbed form of carbohydrate?
A. Fiber
B. Glycogen
C. Polysaccharide
D. Monosaccharide

Monosaccharide

71

Which of the following is the main function of protein?
A. Provides energy
B. Maintains heat
C. Maintains fluid balance
D. Provides amino acids

Provides amino acids

72

Which of the following is the nutrient used as building components of body proteins and as the basic structural unit in all body tissues and cells?
A. Amino acids
B. Triglycerides
C. Water
D. Polysaccharides
E. Fiber

Amino acids

73

Which of the following is true regarding vitamins?
A. Vitamins are needed in large quantities
B. Vitmins A, B,D, and E are fat soluble
C. Vitamins B and C are water soluble
D. Water soluble vitamins are stored in fatty tissues
E. Vitamins are simple molecules

Vitamins B and C are water soluble

74

Which of the following is NOT considered a classification of nutrients?
A. Water
B. Preservatives
C. Fats
D. Vitamins
E. Proteins

Preservatives

75

Which of the following is NOT an example of a B-complex vitamin?
A. Thiamine
B. Riboflavin
C. Cholecalciferol
D. Niacin
E. Folic acid

Cholecalciferol

76

Which of the following are minerals that become ionized and carry a positive or negative charge?
A. Catalysts
B. Coenzymes
C. Water soluble
D. Electrolytes

Electrolytes

77

Which of the following best describes the action of two minerals sodium and potassium?
A. Catalysts
B. Coenzymes
C. Water soluble
D. Electrolytes

Electrolytes

78

Which of the following may be caused by a deficiency of vitamin B12?
A. Pernicious anemia
B. Weight loss
C. Diarrhea
D. Nervousness
E. Headaches

Pernicious anemia

79

Which of the following best classifies most dietary fiber?
A. Protein
B. Carbohydrate
C. Fat
D. Vitamin
E. Mineral

Carbohydrate

80

In cancer patients receiving treatment, increased nutrients are needed for repair and replacement of the lost cells. Which nutrient level in particular needs to be increased?
A. Carbohydrates
B. Fibers
C. Proteins
D. Lipids
E. Minerals

Proteins

81

Which of the following is the recommended percentage of total daily fat calories of an average person?
A. 5
B. 10-15
C. 20-30
D. 50-60

20-30

82

Which of the following is NOT a fat-soluble vitamin?
A. A
B. B
C. K
D. D
E. E

B

83

The body is composed of what percent of water?
A. 80-90
B. 75-85
C. 50-60
D. 35-45
E. 20-30

50-60

84

Which of the following statements is true about the food guide pyramid?
A. It is only for sick people
B. There are four basic food groups
C. You can eat any amount of the foods on it that you want
D. It contains quantities of foods you should eat from each group

It contains quantities of foods you should eat from each group

85

Which of the following is the leading cause of death in the United States?
A. Cancer
B. Diabetes complications
C. Cardiovascular disease
D. Respiratory disease

Cardiovascular disease

86

Which of the following would be reasonable goals for weight loss?
A. 3-4 pounds/week
B. 20 pounds/month
C. 10 pounds/month
D. 1-2 pounds/week

1-2 pounds/week

87

Which of the following is the most appropriate patient education starting points for weight loss?
A. Sleep needs, low-salt foods, moderate exercise
B. Low-salt foods, no fat, and moderate exercise
C. Low calorie, low-salt food, and moderate exercise
D. Low calorie, moderate exercise, and sleep needs

Low calorie, low-salt food, and moderate exercise

88

Which of the following is the approximate percentage of the population you tell her has some form of diabetes mellitus?
A. 2
B. 5
C. 7
D. 10

5

89

Which of the following do you tell Mrs. Martin to avoid in her dietary treatment of diabetes?
A. Vitamins
B. Minerals
C. Simple sugars
D. Amino acids
e. Polysaccharides

Simple sugars

90

Which of the following diet modifications do you tell Mrs. Martin will help control the effects of diabetes mellitus?
A. Controlling sodium intake
B. Decreasing total carbohydrates
C. Avoiding large fluctuations in blood glucose levels
D. Avoiding between-meal snacks

Avoiding large fluctuations in blood glucose levels

91

Which best describes the protein requirement during pregnancy?
A. Nearly doubles
B. Intake needs to be cut in half
C. Stays the same
D. Should be avoided

Nearly doubles

92

The function of which of these nutrients is to build and repair tissues?
A. Minerals
B. Vitamins
C. Proteins
D. Carbohydrates

Proteins

93

"Failure to thrive" infants and young children are caused by which of the following?
A. Lack of protein
B. Increased protein intake
C. Lack of fats
D. Lack of carbohydrates

Lack of protein

94

Which of the following is the total of all changes, chemical and physical, that take place in the body?
A. BMR
B. Metabolism
C. Calories
D. None

Metabolism

95

The sale of which of the following was banned by the FDA in the US?
A. Herbal supplements
B. Soy products
C. Natural hormones
D. Ephedra

Ephedra

96

Childhood obesity can lead to which of the following?
A. Type I diabetes
B. Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
C. Type II diabetes
D. Hypoglycemia

Type II diabetes

97

Which of the following can result from bulimia?
A. Dental caries
B. Amenorrhea
C. Alopecia
D. Low blood pressure

Dental caries

98

Cryotherapy
A. Heat
B. Cold

Cold

99

Paraffin wax bath
A. Heat
B. Cold

Heat

100

Chemical ice pack
A. Heat
B. Cold

Cold

101

Aquamatic K-pad
A. Heat
B. Cold

Heat

102

Ultrasound
A. Heat
B. Cold

Cold

103

Hydrocollator
A. Heat
B. Cold

Heat

104

Sitz bath
A. Heat
B. Cold

Heat

105

Moving the hand to put the palm up
A. Circumduction
B. Dorsiflexion
C. Pronation
D. Rotation
E. Supination

Supination

106

Turning a body part on its axis
A. Circumduction
B. Dorsiflexion
C. Pronation
D. Rotation
E. Supination

Rotation

107

Movement of a body part in a circular motion
A. Circumduction
B. Dorsiflexion
C. Pronation
D. Rotation
E. Supination

Circumduction

108

Moving the foot upward at the ankle joint
A. Circumduction
B. Dorsiflexion
C. Pronation
D. Rotation
E. Supination

Dorsiflexion

109

Moving the hand so the palm is down
A. Circumduction
B. Dorsiflexion
C. Pronation
D. Rotation
E. Supination

Pronation

110

Japanese
A. Rice is the primary energy food; vegetables are lightly cooked
B. Spices, especially curry, are popular
C. Dark breads and fewer green vegetable salads are consumed
D. Combinations of Spanish and Native American foods are popular
E. Fish, vegetables, and rice often served fried

Fish, vegetables, and rice often served fried

111

Mexican
A. Rice is the primary energy food; vegetables are lightly cooked
B. Spices, especially curry, are popular
C. Dark breads and fewer green vegetable salads are consumed
D. Combinations of Spanish and Native American foods are popular
E. Fish, vegetables, and rice often served fried

Combinations of Spanish and Native American foods are popular

112

Western European
A. Rice is the primary energy food; vegetables are lightly cooked
B. Spices, especially curry, are popular
C. Dark breads and fewer green vegetable salads are consumed
D. Combinations of Spanish and Native American foods are popular
E. Fish, vegetables, and rice often served fried

Dark breads and fewer green vegetable salads are consumed

113

Chinese
A. Rice is the primary energy food; vegetables are lightly cooked
B. Spices, especially curry, are popular
C. Dark breads and fewer green vegetable salads are consumed
D. Combinations of Spanish and Native American foods are popular
E. Fish, vegetables, and rice often served fried

Rice is the primary energy food; vegetables are lightly cooked

114

Southeast Asian
A. Rice is the primary energy food; vegetables are lightly cooked
B. Spices, especially curry, are popular
C. Dark breads and fewer green vegetable salads are consumed
D. Combinations of Spanish and Native American foods are popular
E. Fish, vegetables, and rice often served fried

Spices, especially curry, are popular