Nasal Cavity, Nasopharynx, Oral Cavity and Oropharynx Flashcards Preview

Hugh's MD1 Neuro > Nasal Cavity, Nasopharynx, Oral Cavity and Oropharynx > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nasal Cavity, Nasopharynx, Oral Cavity and Oropharynx Deck (80)
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1

What is the uvula?

The posterior end of the soft palate

2

What are the major sinuses around the nasal cavity?

Ethmoid

Frontal

Maxillary

Sphenoid

2

What is the path of the inferior alveolar nerve?

It enters the mandible via the mandibular foramen and travels in the mandibular canal

2

Where do the palatine tonsils sit?

On the lateral walls of the oropharynx, in between the palatoglossal arch and palatopharyngeal arch

3

What is Rhinorrhea?

Leakage of the CSF out of the brain through the nose

4

Where are the valate papillae located on the tongue?

Directly anterior to the sulcus terminalis

5

What is the posterior quadrant of the nasal cavity supplied by?

Sphenopalatine artery

6

What is the inferior quadrant of the nasal cavity supplied by?

Branch of the palantine artery

6

What do the constrictor muscles do?

Line the back of the pharynx

Constrict to send food ebolus down the throat

6

What is the sulcus terminalis?

A sulcus that separates the posterior 1/3 and anterior 2/3 of the tongue

6

What is the epiglottis made of?

Cartilage

7

What is the function of the extrinsic muscles of the tongue?

Alter the position of the tongue

8

What is the nasolacrimal duct?

Drainage of the lacrimal gland

9

What covers the anterior 2/3 of the tongue?

Fungiform papillae

10

What are the foliate papillae?

Grooves on the lateral aspect of the tongue

11

The is the function of the mylohyloid muscle?

Forms a diaphragm for the floor of the mouth

Is an anchor for other muscles to connect to

11

Towards which side will the tongue project when there is a lesion of the hypoglossal nerve?

Towards the side of the lesion

11

What do the intrinsic muscles of the tongue do?

Change the shape of the tongue only

11

What is the function of the palatopharyngeus muscle?

Elevate the pharynx

12

Where can lower teeth pain be referred to?

The mandibular division of the external auditory meatus

13

What is the foramen caecum?

A divert at the apex of the sulcus terminalis that is the remnant of thyroid development

13

Which nerve innervates the muscles of soft palate?

All the vagus except tensor veli palatini which is innervated by CNV

14

Where can upper teeth pain be referred to?

The upper sinuses

15

What does the soft palate do during chewing?

Helps seal the oral cavity to allow unimpeded breathing

16

What nerve does general sensory innervation of the ant 2/3 of the tongue?

Lingual nerve (branch of V3)

16

T/F The same nerve innervates both the upper and lower teeth

 

False

Upper: Superior alveolar nerve (V2)

Lower: Inferior alveolar nerve (V3)

18

What types of cells line the nasal cavity?

High vascular epithelial membrane (anterior)

Olfactory epithelium with respective nerves

Ciliated respiratory epithelium

19

Name of the muscles of the tongue

Styloglossus

Palatoglossus

Genioglossus

Hyoglossus

 

19

What nerve does special sensory innervation of the ant 2/3 of the tongue?

Chorda tympani (CN VII)

19

Which muscles acts to protude the tongue?

Genioglossus