What is the uvula?
The posterior end of the soft palate
What are the major sinuses around the nasal cavity?
What is the path of the inferior alveolar nerve?
It enters the mandible via the mandibular foramen and travels in the mandibular canal
Where do the palatine tonsils sit?
On the lateral walls of the oropharynx, in between the palatoglossal arch and palatopharyngeal arch
What is Rhinorrhea?
Leakage of the CSF out of the brain through the nose
Where are the valate papillae located on the tongue?
Directly anterior to the sulcus terminalis
What is the posterior quadrant of the nasal cavity supplied by?
What is the inferior quadrant of the nasal cavity supplied by?
Branch of the palantine artery
What do the constrictor muscles do?
Line the back of the pharynx
Constrict to send food ebolus down the throat
What is the sulcus terminalis?
A sulcus that separates the posterior 1/3 and anterior 2/3 of the tongue
What is the epiglottis made of?
What is the function of the extrinsic muscles of the tongue?
Alter the position of the tongue
What is the nasolacrimal duct?
Drainage of the lacrimal gland
What covers the anterior 2/3 of the tongue?
What are the foliate papillae?
Grooves on the lateral aspect of the tongue
The is the function of the mylohyloid muscle?
Forms a diaphragm for the floor of the mouth
Is an anchor for other muscles to connect to
Towards which side will the tongue project when there is a lesion of the hypoglossal nerve?
Towards the side of the lesion
What do the intrinsic muscles of the tongue do?
Change the shape of the tongue only
What is the function of the palatopharyngeus muscle?
Elevate the pharynx
Where can lower teeth pain be referred to?
The mandibular division of the external auditory meatus
What is the foramen caecum?
A divert at the apex of the sulcus terminalis that is the remnant of thyroid development
Which nerve innervates the muscles of soft palate?
All the vagus except tensor veli palatini which is innervated by CNV
Where can upper teeth pain be referred to?
The upper sinuses
What does the soft palate do during chewing?
Helps seal the oral cavity to allow unimpeded breathing
What nerve does general sensory innervation of the ant 2/3 of the tongue?
Lingual nerve (branch of V3)
T/F The same nerve innervates both the upper and lower teeth
Upper: Superior alveolar nerve (V2)
Lower: Inferior alveolar nerve (V3)
What types of cells line the nasal cavity?
High vascular epithelial membrane (anterior)
Olfactory epithelium with respective nerves
Ciliated respiratory epithelium
Name of the muscles of the tongue
What nerve does special sensory innervation of the ant 2/3 of the tongue?
Chorda tympani (CN VII)
Which muscles acts to protude the tongue?