Nasal Cavity, Nasopharynx, Oral Cavity and Oropharynx Flashcards Preview

Hugh's MD1 Neuro > Nasal Cavity, Nasopharynx, Oral Cavity and Oropharynx > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nasal Cavity, Nasopharynx, Oral Cavity and Oropharynx Deck (80):
1

What is the uvula?

The posterior end of the soft palate

2

What are the major sinuses around the nasal cavity?

Ethmoid

Frontal

Maxillary

Sphenoid

2

What is the path of the inferior alveolar nerve?

It enters the mandible via the mandibular foramen and travels in the mandibular canal

2

Where do the palatine tonsils sit?

On the lateral walls of the oropharynx, in between the palatoglossal arch and palatopharyngeal arch

3

What is Rhinorrhea?

Leakage of the CSF out of the brain through the nose

4

Where are the valate papillae located on the tongue?

Directly anterior to the sulcus terminalis

5

What is the posterior quadrant of the nasal cavity supplied by?

Sphenopalatine artery

6

What is the inferior quadrant of the nasal cavity supplied by?

Branch of the palantine artery

6

What do the constrictor muscles do?

Line the back of the pharynx

Constrict to send food ebolus down the throat

6

What is the sulcus terminalis?

A sulcus that separates the posterior 1/3 and anterior 2/3 of the tongue

6

What is the epiglottis made of?

Cartilage

7

What is the function of the extrinsic muscles of the tongue?

Alter the position of the tongue

8

What is the nasolacrimal duct?

Drainage of the lacrimal gland

9

What covers the anterior 2/3 of the tongue?

Fungiform papillae

10

What are the foliate papillae?

Grooves on the lateral aspect of the tongue

11

The is the function of the mylohyloid muscle?

Forms a diaphragm for the floor of the mouth

Is an anchor for other muscles to connect to

11

Towards which side will the tongue project when there is a lesion of the hypoglossal nerve?

Towards the side of the lesion

11

What do the intrinsic muscles of the tongue do?

Change the shape of the tongue only

11

What is the function of the palatopharyngeus muscle?

Elevate the pharynx

12

Where can lower teeth pain be referred to?

The mandibular division of the external auditory meatus

13

What is the foramen caecum?

A divert at the apex of the sulcus terminalis that is the remnant of thyroid development

13

Which nerve innervates the muscles of soft palate?

All the vagus except tensor veli palatini which is innervated by CNV

14

Where can upper teeth pain be referred to?

The upper sinuses

15

What does the soft palate do during chewing?

Helps seal the oral cavity to allow unimpeded breathing

16

What nerve does general sensory innervation of the ant 2/3 of the tongue?

Lingual nerve (branch of V3)

16

T/F The same nerve innervates both the upper and lower teeth

 

False

Upper: Superior alveolar nerve (V2)

Lower: Inferior alveolar nerve (V3)

18

What types of cells line the nasal cavity?

High vascular epithelial membrane (anterior)

Olfactory epithelium with respective nerves

Ciliated respiratory epithelium

19

Name of the muscles of the tongue

Styloglossus

Palatoglossus

Genioglossus

Hyoglossus

 

19

What nerve does special sensory innervation of the ant 2/3 of the tongue?

Chorda tympani (CN VII)

19

Which muscles acts to protude the tongue?

Genioglossus

21

When does pain get referred to the sinuses?

When there is fluid build up and pressure in the sinuses that impinge on the nerves within them

22

What is Waldeyer's ring?

An incomplete ring of lymphoid tissue around the oral and nasal cavity that forms a line of defence

23

What are the origins and insertions of the extrinsic muscles of the tongue?

Origins are outside the tongue

Insertions a inside the tongue

23

Which muscles support the structure of the soft palate?

Tensor veli palatini

Levator veli palatini

Musculus uvulae

Palatoglossus

Palatopharyngeus

25

What makes the floor of the mouth?

The mandible

The Mylohyoid muscle

27

What is the superior quadrant of the nasal cavity supplied by?

 

Branches of the ethmoid artery

29

What is the anterior quadrant on the medial aspect of the nasal cavity supplied by?

Labial artery

31

What is the posterior nare?

Communication between nasal cavities

31

What is the lingual frenulum?

A strip of connective tissue that connects the tongue and floor of mouth at the midline

 

32

Which nerve does motor innervation of the tongue?

XII

34

What is the upper half of the nasal cavity innervated by?

Branches of the trigeminal (V1)

35

What is the name of the arteries that supply the teeth?

Superior and inferior alveolar arteries

36

What is the lower half of the nasal cavity innervated by?

Maxillary (V2)

37

How many premolars are their in each jaw?

4

39

What is anterior quadrant on the lateral aspect of the nasal cavity supplied by?

Facial artery

 

40

Which three bones constitute the hard palate?

The alveolar arches

The palatine process of the maxilla

The horizontal process of the palatine bone

41

Where are the origins and insertions of the intrinsic muscles of the tongue?

Both are inside

42

What nerve does special sensory innervation for the posterior one third of the tongue?

Glossopharyngeal

43

What are the names of the lymphoid tissue that constitutes Waldeyer's ring?

Pharyngeal

Tubal

Palatine

Lingual

44

The does the soft palate do during swallowing, coughing and suction?

Seals the nasal cavity

45

How many molars are their in each jaw?

6

46

What are the salivary glands called?

The parotid gland

The sublingual gland

The submandibular gland

48

What is the function of the conchi?

Create turbulent airflow to give time for air to be humidified

50

What covers the posterior 1/3 of the tongue?

Lymphoid follicles called lingual tonsils

51

Which nerve innervates the maxillary sinus?

Maxillary

52

What are the boarders of the oropharynx?

The soft palate superiorly

The palatopharyngeal and palatoglossal arch laterally

53

Which structure is commonly referred to as the "tonsils"?

The palantine tonsils

54

What are the meati?

Spaces between the conchi and lateral walls of the nasal cavity

55

What is the function of the palatoglossus muscle?

Elevation of the tongue

56

What are the bones of the nasal cavity?

Ethmoid

Maxilla

Palatine

Sphenoid

Frontal

57

What is vestibule?

The area at the immediate entrance of the nasal cavity

58

What are some landmarks in the nasopharynx?

Opening of the auditory tube

Pharyngeal tonsils 

Salpingopharyngeus muscle

60

What are the boundaries of the nasopharynx?

Sphenoid (sup)

Sup. constrictor (post)

Soft palate (inf)

61

How many incisors are their in each jaw?

4

63

What are located in the meati?

Openings to the various sinuses surrounding the nasal cavity

65

Which nerve does general sensory innervation for the posterior 1/3 aspect of the tongue?

Glossopharyngeal

66

What is epistaxis?

Nose bleed

68

What lines the sinuses?

The same vascular epithelium as in the nasal cavity

69

What are the turbinate bones?

Bones that jut out into the nasal cavity and form an overhang

Named the Superior, middle and inferior concha

70

Which sinuses are innervated by the ophthalmic nerve?

The frontal, ethmoid and sphenoid

71

Name the intrinsic muscles of the tongue?

Transverse and vertical

Superior longitudinal

Inferior longitudinal

72

Which tooth is named the wisdom tooth?

The most posterior molar

73

What are the borders of the pharynx?

Base of the skull to C6

74

Where is the submandibular gland located?

There are two parts, one is superior to the mylohyoid and the other is inferior

75

What is the fauces?

The opening at the back of the oropharynx

76

T/F the mandible makes up the floor of the mouth

False, it deficient inferiorly

77

How many canines are their in each jaw?

2

 

78

What are the major cartilages of the nose?

Lateral

Septal

Alar

79

What are the major bones of the nose?

Frontal bone

Nasal bones

Frontal process of the maxilla

 

80

What structural feature makes the floor of the mouth be of clinical usefulness?

It is high vascular (lingual artery and veins) therefore is useful for drug absorption