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Biochem > Nutrition Overview > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutrition Overview Deck (16):
1

Functional foods

Provide health benefits beyond their nutrient contributions

2

Simplest nutrient

Minerals

3

Organic nutrients

Vitamins, carbohydrates, proteins, lipids

4

Inorganic nutrients

Minerals and water

5

Energy-yielding nutrients

Carbs, lipids, proteins

6

Conversion of calories to kJ

Multiply calories by 4.2

7

kJ to calories calculation

Multiply by 0.24

8

Why is alcohol not considered a nutrient?

Interferes with body's growth, maintenance, and repair

9

Nutrient density units

Mg/calorie. The more mg/calorie, greater the nutrient density

10

Estimated Average Requirements EAR

Average amount sufficient for half of the population

11

Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA)

Recommendations to meet needs of most healthy people, set near the top end of the range of EAR

12

Adequate Intakes

Insufficient scientific evidence to establish EAR. AI value used instead of RDA. Expected to exceed average requirements.

13

Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (UL)

Point where nutrient is likely to be toxic. Helps protect against overconsumption

14

Acceptable macro nutrient distribution ranges (AMDR)

Carb: 45-65%
Fat: 20-35%
Protein: 10-35%

15

Symptoms of malnutrition

Diarrhea, Skin rashes, fatigue, etc.

16

Anthropometric measurement

Height/weight