Provide health benefits beyond their nutrient contributions
Vitamins, carbohydrates, proteins, lipids
Minerals and water
Carbs, lipids, proteins
Conversion of calories to kJ
Multiply calories by 4.2
kJ to calories calculation
Multiply by 0.24
Why is alcohol not considered a nutrient?
Interferes with body’s growth, maintenance, and repair
Nutrient density units
Mg/calorie. The more mg/calorie, greater the nutrient density
Estimated Average Requirements EAR
Average amount sufficient for half of the population
Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA)
Recommendations to meet needs of most healthy people, set near the top end of the range of EAR
Insufficient scientific evidence to establish EAR. AI value used instead of RDA. Expected to exceed average requirements.
Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (UL)
Point where nutrient is likely to be toxic. Helps protect against overconsumption
Acceptable macro nutrient distribution ranges (AMDR)
Symptoms of malnutrition
Diarrhea, Skin rashes, fatigue, etc.