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Flashcards in pastest 3 Deck (114)
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31

hyperreflexia: UMN or LMN

UMN

32

positive babinski sign: UMN or LMN

UMN

33

sensorimotor to lower limb is via which 3 nerves

femoral, sciatic, obturator

34

femoral and obturator arise from same level, this is where

L2-L4

35

right sided extradural haematomma leading to herniation of temporal uncus can present with what neurological signs

weakness in both upper and lower LEFT limbs, dilated pupil in RIGHT eye

36

nerves for afferent and efferent of corneal reflex

afferent: ophthalmic division of trigeminal (sensory)
efferent: facial (blink - motor)

37

puffing of cheeks tests what nerve

facial nerve

38

clenching jaw is what nerve

mandibular division of trigeminal

39

what nerve passes along cavernous sinus in brain

ophthalmic division of trigeminal

40

pathology affecting cavernous sinus will show what sign

absent corneal reflex

41

upper limbs wlil be spared as long as a spinal injury is below what level

T1

42

all lower limb nerve arise from where

above the 5th the sacral segment

43

indian ink staining of CSF

Cryptoccosus meningiti

44

viral meningitis profile

opening pressure: normal
WBC: lymphocytes predominant
protein: increased
glucose: normal

45

bacterial meningitis profile

opening pressure: Increased
WBC: neutrophil predominant
protein: increased
glucose: decreased

46

cryptococcus meningite profile

opening pressure: increased
WBC: lymphocytes predominant
protein: increased
glucose: normal/decreased

47

14-3-3 protein in CSF

prion disease

48

EEG shows triphasic spikes

prion disease

49

histology in prion disease will show what changes in brain tissue

instead of alpha helical protein get beta sheets

50

numbness of lateral thigh, what nerve

lateral femoral cutaneous nerve

51

numbness of medial thigh, medial leg and medial ankle

femoral nerve

52

weakness in hip flexion and knee extension

femoral nerve

53

weakness of knee flexion

sciatic

54

weakness in adduction and internal rotation of hip

obturator

55

what will be seen in brain tissue of someone with alzheimers

amyloid plaques and tau proteins neurofiblary tangles

56

what typer of dementia will have frontal lobe features

picks disease

57

complete loss of vision in one eye

optic nerve of ipsilateral eye

58

bitemporal heminopai

optic chasm

59

right homonymous hemianopia

left optic tracts/radiation

60

left homonymous hemianopia

right optic tract/radiation