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61

3 categories of glasgow comma score

eyes response (4)
verbal response (5)
motor response (6)

62

GCS: eye response if out of how many?

4

63

GCS: verbal response if out of how many?

5

64

GCS: motor response if out of how many?

6

65

what drugs cane given to stop a fit and by what route

lorazepam - IV
diazepam - rectal

66

drug you can give in several consecutive fits/status epileptics that have already had diazepam/lorazipam

IV phenytoin

67

other pathology associated with myasthenia gravis

thymus disease

68

first line treatment for bacterial meningitis

cephalosporin (cefotaxime)

69

what drugs do you give for alcohol withdrawal

chlordiazepoxide and thiamine

70

polymorph leucocytosis =

neutrophils

71

CSF in TB meningitis is have what 2 particular features

very high protein and very low glucose

72

viral meningotis protein level will be

slightly elevated

73

non hospital treatment of suspected bacterial meningitis

IM/IV benzylpenicillin

74

hospital treatment of bacterial meningitis of unknown organism

IV cefotaxime

75

hospital treatment of bacterial meningitis of unknown organism > 55 yrs

Iv cefotaxime + ampicillin

76

why do you also give ampicillin to > 55 yrs in bacterial meningitis where organism is not know

incase of listeria **also if immunocompromised**n

77

viral meningitis also called

aseptic meningitis

78

most common cause of viral meningitis

enteroviruses (echoviruses)

79

treatment for viral encephalitis

aciclovir

80

appearance of CSF in bacterial meningitis

turbid/cloudy

81

appearance of CSF in viral meningitis

clear

82

appearance of CSF in TB meningitis

fibrin web

83

glucose in bacterial

84

glucose in TB

85

glucose in viral

> 50% of plasma

86

how do you differentiate TB from viral

TB will have

87

vessels involved in sub dural

bridging veins

88

what might indicate encephalitis rather than meningitis

confusion, seizures, increased signal in temporal lobes on MRI

89

what type of meningitis do you see nerve palsy

TB

90

Oligoclonal bands =

MS (Ab's that indicate inflammation of CNS)