Pathology master Flashcards Preview

pathology > Pathology master > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pathology master Deck (97):
1

To lessen or decrease, to cease or cause to cease (such as pain)

Abatement

2

An excoriation, a circumscribed removal of the epidermis of skin or mucous membrane.

Abrasion

3

Localized accumulation of skin or mucous membrane.

Abscess

4

A marked decrease in blood carbon dioxide content.

Acapnia

5

Condition in which there is an excessive proportion of acid in the blood.

Acidosis

6

Presents itself after birth.

Acquired

7

A disease which is not congenital, but has developed since birth.

Acquired disease

8

Prefix meaning extremity, top, extreme point.

Acro

9

hyperfunction of pituitary gland after ossification has been completed, produces bony enlargement.

Acromegaly

10

A disease with a more or less rapid onset and short duration.

Acute

11

Prefix meaning gland.

Adeno

12

A neoplasm formed by glandular epithelium (neoplasm= new tissues or tumors)

Adenoma

13

Suffix meaning pain

Algia

14

Condition in which there is an excessive proportion of alkali in the blood.

Alkalosis

15

Having a hypersensitivity to the substance that does not normally cause a reaction.

Allergies

16

A pre-senile dementia occurring usually in persons over 60 years of age; thought to be associated with neurofibril degeneration.

Alzheimer's Disease

17

Congenital absence of one or more limbs.

Amelia

18

Prefix meaning without

An

19

Generalized massive edema in subcutaneous tissue.

Anasarca

20

A decrease in the number of erythrocytes, hemoglobin, or both.

Anemia

21

A localized dilation of a blood vessel.

Aneurysm

22

Suffix meaning vessel

Angio

23

A swelling or tumor due to dilation of the blood vessels (hemangioma) or lymthatics (lymphangioma)

Angioma

24

Deficient blood oxygen supplies to tissues.

Anoxia

25

Failure of a tissue or organ to develop normally; congenital absence of an organ or other part; in hematology, incomplete or defective development or a cessation of regeneration.

Aplasia

26

Suffix meaning enzyme

Ase

27

Mutual opposition or contrary action. The inhibition of one bacterial organism by another.

Antagonism

28

Prefix meaning before.

Ante

29

Prefix meaning against.

Anti

30

glycoprotein substance developed in response to, and interacting specifically with an antigen. (aka immuglobulin)

Antibody

31

A foreign substance that stimulates the formation of antibodies that interact specifically with it.

Antigen

32

The prevention sepsis by preventing or inhibiting the growth of causative microorganisms.

Antisepsis

33

Dilution or weakening of virulence of a microorganism, reducing or abolishing pathogenicity.

Attenuation

34

Disease of the arteries resulting in thickening and loss of elasticity of arterial walls.

Arteriosclerosis

35

Inflammation, usually of a chronic progressive character, involving an artery or arteries.

Arteritis

36

Prefix meaning joint.

Arthro

37

Accumulation of free serous fluid in the abdominal cavity.

Ascites

38

Loss of consciousness from deficient oxygen

Asphyxia

39

A form of arteriosclerosis marked by the deposition of lipids in the inner layer of arterial walls.

Atherosclerosis

40

A wasting, decrease in size of an organ or tissue.

Atrophy

41

Prefix meaning self.

Auto

42

A postmortem examination of the organs and tissues of a body to determine cause of death or pathological condition.

Autopsy (necropsy)

43

Self-nourishing bacteria that are capable of growing in the absence of organic compounds. Organisms that obtain carbon from carbon dioxide.

Autotrophic bacteria

44

A tearing away

Avulsion

45

Any rod-shaped microorganism.

Bacillus

46

The presence of viable bacteria in the blood stream

Bacteremia

47

A prokaryotic, one- celled microorganism of the kingdom Monera, existing as free living organisms or as parasites, multiplying by binary fission and having a large range of biochemical properties.

Bacteria

48

A visible group of bacteria growing on a solid medium, presumably arising from a single microorganism.

Bacterial

49

An agent that destroys bacteria but not necessarily their spores.

Bactericide

50

Science that studies bacteria.

Bacteriology

51

The red pigment in bile.

Bilrubin

52

The green pigment in bile.

Biliverdin

53

A method of asexual reproduction in bacteria in which the cell spits into two parts, each of which develops into a complete individual.

Binary Fission

54

Prefix meaning life.

Bio

55

An arthropod vector in which the disease causing organism multiplies and develops within the arthropod prior to becoming infective for a susceptible individual.

Biological Vector

56

Pre-embalming purge as result of a fracture of the skull, a surgical procedure in the cranial cavity or a trauma. It is possible for gas (a type of purge) to build up in the cranium and travel along the nerve routes to distend such tissues as the eyelids.

Brain purge

57

Severe form of malnutrition.

Cachexia

58

several communicating boils of the skin and subcutaneous tissue with the production and discharge of pus and dead tissue.

Carbuncle

59

General term for malignant tumor.

Carcinoma

60

The membrane that surrounds some bacterial cells; a loose gel-like structure that, in pathogenic bacteria, helps to protect against phagocytosis.

Capsule

61

Formation of cavities in an organ or tissue; frequently seen in some forms for tuberculosis.

Cavitation

62

Suffix meaning a protrusion.

Cele

63

The deterioration of an organ or cell structure which may include swelling.

Cellular Degeneration

64

A cellular reaction to injury which may include pigmentation, calcification, and gout.

Cellular Infiltration

65

Suffix meaning perforating.

Centesis

66

A blow; hence a sudden attack, as a sunstroke, a paralytic or apoplectic stroke or apoplexy.

Cerebral Vascular Accident (Stroke)

67

Primary lesion, initial sclerosis, syphilitic sore, the first manifestation of syphilis.

Chancre

68

A large group of nonmotile, gram negative intracellular parasites.

Chlamydia

69

Prefix meaning bile.

Chol

70

Suffix meaning bile

Chole

71

Inflammation of the gallbladder.

Cholecystitis

72

A disease with a more or less slow onset and a long duration.

Chronic

73

A degeneration or atrophy of the parenchyma cells of an organ with hypertrophy of the interstitial connective tissue.

Cirrhosis

74

Congenitally malformed palate with a fissure along the midline.

Cleft palate

75

A study of disease by means of body secretions, excretions, and other fluids performed in the laboratory in the diagnosis of a disease.

Clinical Pathology

76

A type of bacteria that is spherical or ovoid in form.

Coccus (pl. cocci)

77

Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the colon.

Colitis

78

The symbiotic relationship of two organisms of different species in which one gains some benefit such as protection or nourishment.

Commensalism

79

A disease that may be transmitted directly or indirectly from one individual to another.

Communicable

80

An unfavorable condition arising during the course of disease.

Complication

81

The immediate and temporary disturbance of brain function.

Concussion

82

Existing at the time of birth or shortly thereafter.

Congenital

83

A disease that begins before birth and is evident at the time of birth.

Congenital Disease

84

Accumulation of an excess of blood or tissue fluid in a body part.

Congestion

85

The act of introducing disease germs or infectious material into an area or substance.

Contamination

86

A bruise, often accompanied with swelling.

Contusion

87

A public officer whose chief duty is to investigate questionable deaths.

Coroner

88

A congenital condition due to hypothyroidism resulting in mental retardation.

Cretinism

89

Condition in which the descent of a testis into the scrotum is arrested at some point in the normal path.

Cryptorchism

90

Bluish discoloration of the skin or mucous membrane due to lack of oxygen.

Cyanosis

91

A sac within or on the body surface containing air or fluid.

Cyst

92

Prefix meaning bladder

Cyst

93

Inflammation of a bladder, especially the urinary bladder.

Cystitis

94

Chemical reaction involving breaking of chemical bonds; forms two or more smaller molecule compounds from larger molecule compounds.

Decomposition

95

A disease due to lack of dietary metabolic substance.

Deficiency

96

The deterioration of tissues with corresponding functional impairment as a result of disease or injury.

Degeneration

97

Loss of moisture from body tissue which may occur antemortem or postmortem.

Dehydration