Flashcards in Pathology master Deck (97):
To lessen or decrease, to cease or cause to cease (such as pain)
An excoriation, a circumscribed removal of the epidermis of skin or mucous membrane.
Localized accumulation of skin or mucous membrane.
A marked decrease in blood carbon dioxide content.
Condition in which there is an excessive proportion of acid in the blood.
Presents itself after birth.
A disease which is not congenital, but has developed since birth.
Prefix meaning extremity, top, extreme point.
hyperfunction of pituitary gland after ossification has been completed, produces bony enlargement.
A disease with a more or less rapid onset and short duration.
Prefix meaning gland.
A neoplasm formed by glandular epithelium (neoplasm= new tissues or tumors)
Suffix meaning pain
Condition in which there is an excessive proportion of alkali in the blood.
Having a hypersensitivity to the substance that does not normally cause a reaction.
A pre-senile dementia occurring usually in persons over 60 years of age; thought to be associated with neurofibril degeneration.
Congenital absence of one or more limbs.
Prefix meaning without
Generalized massive edema in subcutaneous tissue.
A decrease in the number of erythrocytes, hemoglobin, or both.
A localized dilation of a blood vessel.
Suffix meaning vessel
A swelling or tumor due to dilation of the blood vessels (hemangioma) or lymthatics (lymphangioma)
Deficient blood oxygen supplies to tissues.
Failure of a tissue or organ to develop normally; congenital absence of an organ or other part; in hematology, incomplete or defective development or a cessation of regeneration.
Suffix meaning enzyme
Mutual opposition or contrary action. The inhibition of one bacterial organism by another.
Prefix meaning before.
Prefix meaning against.
glycoprotein substance developed in response to, and interacting specifically with an antigen. (aka immuglobulin)
A foreign substance that stimulates the formation of antibodies that interact specifically with it.
The prevention sepsis by preventing or inhibiting the growth of causative microorganisms.
Dilution or weakening of virulence of a microorganism, reducing or abolishing pathogenicity.
Disease of the arteries resulting in thickening and loss of elasticity of arterial walls.
Inflammation, usually of a chronic progressive character, involving an artery or arteries.
Prefix meaning joint.
Accumulation of free serous fluid in the abdominal cavity.
Loss of consciousness from deficient oxygen
A form of arteriosclerosis marked by the deposition of lipids in the inner layer of arterial walls.
A wasting, decrease in size of an organ or tissue.
Prefix meaning self.
A postmortem examination of the organs and tissues of a body to determine cause of death or pathological condition.
Self-nourishing bacteria that are capable of growing in the absence of organic compounds. Organisms that obtain carbon from carbon dioxide.
A tearing away
Any rod-shaped microorganism.
The presence of viable bacteria in the blood stream
A prokaryotic, one- celled microorganism of the kingdom Monera, existing as free living organisms or as parasites, multiplying by binary fission and having a large range of biochemical properties.
A visible group of bacteria growing on a solid medium, presumably arising from a single microorganism.
An agent that destroys bacteria but not necessarily their spores.
Science that studies bacteria.
The red pigment in bile.
The green pigment in bile.
A method of asexual reproduction in bacteria in which the cell spits into two parts, each of which develops into a complete individual.
Prefix meaning life.
An arthropod vector in which the disease causing organism multiplies and develops within the arthropod prior to becoming infective for a susceptible individual.
Pre-embalming purge as result of a fracture of the skull, a surgical procedure in the cranial cavity or a trauma. It is possible for gas (a type of purge) to build up in the cranium and travel along the nerve routes to distend such tissues as the eyelids.
Severe form of malnutrition.
several communicating boils of the skin and subcutaneous tissue with the production and discharge of pus and dead tissue.
General term for malignant tumor.
The membrane that surrounds some bacterial cells; a loose gel-like structure that, in pathogenic bacteria, helps to protect against phagocytosis.
Formation of cavities in an organ or tissue; frequently seen in some forms for tuberculosis.
Suffix meaning a protrusion.
The deterioration of an organ or cell structure which may include swelling.
A cellular reaction to injury which may include pigmentation, calcification, and gout.
Suffix meaning perforating.
A blow; hence a sudden attack, as a sunstroke, a paralytic or apoplectic stroke or apoplexy.
Cerebral Vascular Accident (Stroke)
Primary lesion, initial sclerosis, syphilitic sore, the first manifestation of syphilis.
A large group of nonmotile, gram negative intracellular parasites.
Prefix meaning bile.
Suffix meaning bile
Inflammation of the gallbladder.
A disease with a more or less slow onset and a long duration.
A degeneration or atrophy of the parenchyma cells of an organ with hypertrophy of the interstitial connective tissue.
Congenitally malformed palate with a fissure along the midline.
A study of disease by means of body secretions, excretions, and other fluids performed in the laboratory in the diagnosis of a disease.
A type of bacteria that is spherical or ovoid in form.
Coccus (pl. cocci)
Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the colon.
The symbiotic relationship of two organisms of different species in which one gains some benefit such as protection or nourishment.
A disease that may be transmitted directly or indirectly from one individual to another.
An unfavorable condition arising during the course of disease.
The immediate and temporary disturbance of brain function.
Existing at the time of birth or shortly thereafter.
A disease that begins before birth and is evident at the time of birth.
Accumulation of an excess of blood or tissue fluid in a body part.
The act of introducing disease germs or infectious material into an area or substance.
A bruise, often accompanied with swelling.
A public officer whose chief duty is to investigate questionable deaths.
A congenital condition due to hypothyroidism resulting in mental retardation.
Condition in which the descent of a testis into the scrotum is arrested at some point in the normal path.
Bluish discoloration of the skin or mucous membrane due to lack of oxygen.
A sac within or on the body surface containing air or fluid.
Prefix meaning bladder
Inflammation of a bladder, especially the urinary bladder.
Chemical reaction involving breaking of chemical bonds; forms two or more smaller molecule compounds from larger molecule compounds.
A disease due to lack of dietary metabolic substance.
The deterioration of tissues with corresponding functional impairment as a result of disease or injury.