Pathology master for exam #3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pathology master for exam #3 Deck (73):
1

Prefix meaning uterus.

Hyster

2

Suffix meaning a process.

Iasis

3

Results rom the adverse activity of medical personnel.

Iatrogenic

4

Of unknown cause (example: essential hypertension).

Idiopathic

5

Any foreign or heterogeneous substance contained in a cell or in any tissue or organ that was not introduced as a result of trauma.

Inclusions

6

Plant life occurring or adapted for living in a specific environment.

Indigenous flora

7

The formation of an area of necrosis in a tissue caused by obstruction in the artery supplying the area.

Infarction

8

The state or condition in which the body or a part of it is invaded by a pathogenic agent that, under favorable conditions, multiplies and produces injurious effects.

Infection

9

The harboring of animal parasites, especially macroscopic forms, such as ticks or mosquitos.

Infestation

10

The process of seepage or diffusion into tissue of substances that are not ordinarily present.

Infiltration

11

A tissue reaction to irritation, infection, or injury marked by localized heat, swelling, redness, pain and sometimes loss of function.

Inflammation

12

Prefix meaning below.

Infra

13

A substance that kills insects.

Insecticide

14

Prefix meaning between.

Inter

15

Prefix meaning within.

Intra

16

State of being intoxicated, especially of being poisoned by a drug or toxic substance.

Intoxication

17

Extravasation of blood within the skull.

Intracranial hemorrhage

18

A compound consisting of iodine combined with a carrier, such as polyvinylpyrrolidone, often used as a preoperative skin disinfectant.

Iodophores

19

Reduction in arterial blood supply.

Ischemia

20

Condition that results when the body part that dies had little blood and remains aseptic and occurs when the arteries but no the veins are obstructed.

Ischemic necrosis

21

Suffix meaning inflammation of.

Itis

22

Conditions characterized by excessive concentration of bilirubin in the skin and tissues and deposition of excessive bile pigment in the skin, cornea, body fluids, and mucous membranes with the resulting yellow appearance of the patient.

Jaundice

23

A tear or town wound.

Laceration

24

A substance that kills insect larva.

Larvacide

25

Specific pathological structural or functional changes of both brought about by disease or injury.

Lesion

26

Disease characterized by the appearance of great numbers of immature and abnormal white blood cells.

Leukemia

27

Prefix meaning white.

Leuko

28

Increase in the number of white blood cells in blood.

Leucocytosis

29

Abnormal reduction in the number of white blood cells in the blood.

Leucopenia

30

A tumor composed of fatty tissue.

Lipoma

31

Suffix meaning stone.

Lith

32

The major organ for detoxification and production of bile.

Liver

33

Infection caused by germs lodging and multiplying at one point in a tissue and remaining there.

Local infection

34

Malignancy of lymphoid tissue.

Lymphoma

35

Suffix meaning to dissolve.

Lysis

36

Prefix meaning large.

Macro

37

Prefix meaning bad.

Mal

38

Suffix meaning softening.

Malacia

39

A defect or deformity.

Malformation (anomaly)

40

Prefix meaning breast.

Mast

41

A forensically trained physician (medical doctor) whose duty is the investigate questionable or unattended deaths.

Medical examiner

42

The spread of tumor cells from one part of the body to another by blood or lymph.

Metastasis

43

Temperature above which bacterial growth will not take place, 120 degrees F.

Maximum temperature

44

A living organism or an object that is capable of transmitting infections by carrying the disease agent on its external body parts or surface.

Mechanical vector

45

Study of disease to ascertain cause and manner of death.

Medicolegal (forensic) pathology

46

Prefix meaning great.

Mega

47

Suffix meaning large.

Megaly

48

Prefix meaning thick.

Melan

49

A malignant pigmented mole.

Melanoma

50

Blood in stool.

Melena

51

Prefix meaning month.

Men

52

Inflammation of the membranes of the brain or spinal cord.

Meningitis

53

Bacteria that prefer moderate temperatures and develop best at temperatures between 25 degrees C and 40 degrees C.

Mesophile

54

Replacement of one type of tissue into a form that is nor normally found there.

Metaplasia

55

Transfer of a disease from its primary site to a distant location.

Metastasize

56

Prefix meaning small.

Micro

57

A microorganism that requires very little free oxygen.

Microaerophilic

58

Scientific study of microorganisms and their effect on other living organisms.

Microbiology

59

Study of microscopic changes that cells, tissues, and organs undergo as a result of disease.

Microscopic pathology (histopathology)

60

Temperature below which bacterial growth will not take place, 32 degrees F.

Minimum temperature

61

Infection caused by two or more organisms.

Mixed infection

62

Necrotic tissue that is wet as a result of inadequate venous drainage; may be accompanied by the invasion of saprophytic bacteria.

Moist (wet) gangrene

63

Relative incidence of a disease in the population of number of cases in a given time at a given population.

Morbidity rate

64

Number of deaths in a given time or place or proportion of deaths to a population.

Mortality rate

65

A chronic disease of the nervous system characterized by remissions and relapses and by the presence of patches of demyelination associated with sclerosis or hardening, scattered diffusely throughout the gray and white matter of the brain stem and spinal cord.

Multiple sclerosis

66

Relationship in which organisms or two different species live in close association to the mutual benefit of each.

Mutualism

67

The branch of science concerned with the study of fungi.

Mycology

68

Bacteria of the mycoplasma genus that are found in humans and most have no cell wall; the smallest free-living organisms presently known, being intermediate in size between viruses and bacteria.

Mycoplasmas

69

Inflammation of the spinal cord or the bone marrow.

Myelitis

70

Prefix meaning muscle.

Myo

71

Referred to as heart attack. Usually results in damage to the myocardium.

Myocardial infarction

72

Inflammation of the muscular walls of the heart.

Myocarditis

73

Prefix meaning mucous.

Myx