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Flashcards in Pathology master for test #2 Deck (99):
1

Prefix meaning through.

Dia

2

A term used to designate two diseases, diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus, each having the symptom of polyuria in common.

Diabetes

3

The term denoting the naming of the disease or syndrome; to recognize the nature of the disease.

Diagnosis

4

The condition of the heart being enlarged occurring normally, artificially, or as a result of disease.

Dilatation

5

A double bacillus, two being linked end to end to each other.

Diplobacilli

6

A genus of bacteria that are gram-positive organisms occurring in pairs. Also called streptococcus.

Diplococcus

7

A chemical or physical agent that kills disease-causing microorganisms generally used on inanimate objects.

Disinfectant

8

The destruction of infectious agents by chemical or physical means directly applied to an inanimate object.

Disinfection

9

The presence of a number of diverticula of the intestine.

Diverticulosis

10

Resistant, as in bacteria, to the action of a drug or drugs.

Drug-fast

11

Condition that results when the body part that dies had little blood and remains aseptic and occurs when the arteries but not the veins are obstructed.

Dry Gangrene (ischemic necrosis)

12

Prefix meaning difficult.

Dys

13

Abnormal development of tissue.

Dysplasia

14

Faulty nutrition.

Dystrophy

15

Small, non-elevated hemorrhagic patch; extravasation of blood into a tissue. (another name for a bruise).

Ecchymosis

16

Suffix meaning dilate.

Ectasis

17

Suffix meaning removal of.

Ectomy

18

Displaced; not in the normal place, for example, extrauterine pregnancy.

Ectopic

19

The implantation of the fertilized ovum in a site other than the normal one in the uterine cavity.

Ectopic Pregnancy

20

Abnormal accumulation of fluids in tissue or body cavities.

Edema

21

Excessive wasting away of the body.

Emaciation

22

Free floating object in the bloodstream.

Embolus

23

Obstruction of a blood vessel by free floating object in the bloodstream.

Embolism

24

Suffix meaning vomit.

Emesis

25

Suffix meaning blood.

Emia

26

Pus in the pleural cavity.

Empyema

27

Prefix meaning in.

En

28

Inflammation of the brain.

Encephalitis

29

A disease that is continuously present in a community.

Endemic

30

Prefix meaning within.

Endo

31

Inflammation of the endocardium, or lining membrane of the heart. It may involve only the membrane covering the valves or the general lining of the chambers of the heart.

Endocarditis

32

Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the cervix uteri.

Endocervicitis

33

The ectopic occurrence of endometrial tissue or its diffuse implantation or infiltration in the myometrium.

Endometriosis

34

Produced or arising from within a cell or organism.

Endogenous infection

35

A thick-walled spore within a bacterium.

Endospores

36

Bacterial toxin confined within the body of a bacterium freed only when the bacterium is broken down, found only in gram negative bacteria.

Endotoxin

37

Inflammation of the intestine, especially the small intestine, usually accompanied by diarrhea.

Enteritis

38

Prefix meaning intestine.

Entero

39

Prefix meaning upon.

Epi

40

A disease that is currently in higher than normal numbers.

Epidemic

41

A chronic neurogenic disease marked by sudden alterations in consciousness and frequently by convulsions.

Epilepsy

42

Bleeding from the nose.

Epistaxis

43

Inflammation of the esophagus.

Esophagitis

44

Suffix meaning sensation.

Esthesia

45

The study of the cause of disease.

Etiology

46

Prefix meaning out of.

Ex

47

Increase in severity of a disease.

Exacerbation

48

Originating outside an organ or part.

Exogenous infection

49

A toxin produced by a microorganism and excreted into its surrounding medium, generally protein in nature.

Exotoxin

50

Loss of blood to the point where life can no longer be sustained.

Exsanguination

51

The fluid that oozes through the tissues into a cavity or to the surface.

Exudate

52

A microorganism that prefers an environment devoid of oxygen but has adapted so that it can live and grow in the presence of oxygen.

Facultative aerobe

53

An organism that prefers an oxygen environment but is capable of living and growing in its absence.

Facultative anaerobe

54

Having the capacity to do something that is not compulsory, in particular having the ability to live or adapt to certain conditions.

Facultative bacteria

55

Prefers live organic matter as a source of nutrition but can adapt to the use of dead organic matter under certain conditions.

Facultative saprophyte

56

Pertaining to or characterized by fever.

Febrile

57

An encapsulated tumor composed mainly of fibrous connective tissue; fibroid, tumor, inoma.

Fibroma

58

One in which the organisms are originally confined to one area, but enter the blood or lymph vessel and spread to other parts of the body.

Focal infection

59

Any inanimate object to which infectious material adheres and ca be transmitted.

Fomite

60

Have rapid and severe onset, usually fatal.

Fulminating

61

A condition or disease in which there is no recognizable change in anatomy.

Functional

62

A group of diverse and widespread unicellular and multicellular organisms, lacking chlorophyll, usually bearing spores and often filamentous.

Fungus (pl. fungi)

63

An agent that kills fungi and their spores.

Fungicide

64

An abscess or pyogenic infection of a sweat gland or hair follicle.

Furuncle

65

A form of necrosis combined with putrefaction.

Gangrene

66

Inflammation of the stomach.

Gastritis

67

Inflammation of the gingival tissue.

Gingivitis

68

Parenchymatous nephritis with pronounced lesions in the glomeruli.

Glomerulonephritis

69

An infection that becomes systemic.

General infection

70

Deals with the study of the widespread process of disease such as inflammation, degeneration, necrosis or cellular death, repair, etc. without reference to particular organs or organ systems.

General pathology

71

Suffix meaning generation.

Genesis

72

A substance that destroys microorganisms.

Germicide

73

Enlargement of the thyroid gland due to iodine deficiency.

Goiter

74

The study of changes in structure of the body that are readily seen wit the unaided eye as a result of disease.

Gross pathology

75

Prefix meaning blood.

Hem, Hemo

76

Vomiting of blood.

Hemantemesis

77

Tumor like swelling of blood.

Hematoma

78

Discharge of red blood cells in the urine.

Hematuria

79

An inherited hemorrhagic disease characterized by a tendency to excessive and sometimes spontaneous bleeding.

Hemophilia

80

Blood in sputum.

Hemoptysis

81

Escape of blood from blood vascular system.

Hemorrhage

82

Inflammation of the liver.

Hepatitis

83

Genetic characteristics transmitted from parent to offspring.

Hereditary

84

Abnormal protrusion of an organ or part of an organ through an abnormal opening in the wall of the cavity containing the organ.

Hernia

85

Prefix meaning dissimilar.

Hetero

86

An organism that requires complex organic food from a carbon source in order to grow and develop.

Heterotrophic bacteria

87

Prefix meaning similar.

Homeo

88

Prefix meaning water.

Hydro

89

Abnormal collection of fluid in any sacculated cavity in the body. especially tunica vaginalis.

Hydrocele

90

Excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain.

Hydrocephalus

91

Distention of the pelvis and calyces of one or both kidneys with urine as a result of obstruction.

Hydronephrosis

92

Abnormal accumulation of fluid within the pericardial sac.

Hydropericardium

93

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the thoracic cavity.

Hydrothroax

94

Prefix meaning above or excess.

Hyper

95

Excess of blood in an area of the body.

Hyperemia

96

The increased size of an organ or part due to the excessive but regulated increase in the number of its cells.

Hyperplasia

97

The enlargement of an organ or part due to the increase in size of cells composing it.

Hypertropy

98

Prefix meaning deficiency or beneath.

Hypo

99

Underdevelopment of a tissue, organ of the body.

Hypoplasia