Flashcards in Pathology master for test #2 Deck (99):
Prefix meaning through.
A term used to designate two diseases, diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus, each having the symptom of polyuria in common.
The term denoting the naming of the disease or syndrome; to recognize the nature of the disease.
The condition of the heart being enlarged occurring normally, artificially, or as a result of disease.
A double bacillus, two being linked end to end to each other.
A genus of bacteria that are gram-positive organisms occurring in pairs. Also called streptococcus.
A chemical or physical agent that kills disease-causing microorganisms generally used on inanimate objects.
The destruction of infectious agents by chemical or physical means directly applied to an inanimate object.
The presence of a number of diverticula of the intestine.
Resistant, as in bacteria, to the action of a drug or drugs.
Condition that results when the body part that dies had little blood and remains aseptic and occurs when the arteries but not the veins are obstructed.
Dry Gangrene (ischemic necrosis)
Prefix meaning difficult.
Abnormal development of tissue.
Small, non-elevated hemorrhagic patch; extravasation of blood into a tissue. (another name for a bruise).
Suffix meaning dilate.
Suffix meaning removal of.
Displaced; not in the normal place, for example, extrauterine pregnancy.
The implantation of the fertilized ovum in a site other than the normal one in the uterine cavity.
Abnormal accumulation of fluids in tissue or body cavities.
Excessive wasting away of the body.
Free floating object in the bloodstream.
Obstruction of a blood vessel by free floating object in the bloodstream.
Suffix meaning vomit.
Suffix meaning blood.
Pus in the pleural cavity.
Prefix meaning in.
Inflammation of the brain.
A disease that is continuously present in a community.
Prefix meaning within.
Inflammation of the endocardium, or lining membrane of the heart. It may involve only the membrane covering the valves or the general lining of the chambers of the heart.
Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the cervix uteri.
The ectopic occurrence of endometrial tissue or its diffuse implantation or infiltration in the myometrium.
Produced or arising from within a cell or organism.
A thick-walled spore within a bacterium.
Bacterial toxin confined within the body of a bacterium freed only when the bacterium is broken down, found only in gram negative bacteria.
Inflammation of the intestine, especially the small intestine, usually accompanied by diarrhea.
Prefix meaning intestine.
Prefix meaning upon.
A disease that is currently in higher than normal numbers.
A chronic neurogenic disease marked by sudden alterations in consciousness and frequently by convulsions.
Bleeding from the nose.
Inflammation of the esophagus.
Suffix meaning sensation.
The study of the cause of disease.
Prefix meaning out of.
Increase in severity of a disease.
Originating outside an organ or part.
A toxin produced by a microorganism and excreted into its surrounding medium, generally protein in nature.
Loss of blood to the point where life can no longer be sustained.
The fluid that oozes through the tissues into a cavity or to the surface.
A microorganism that prefers an environment devoid of oxygen but has adapted so that it can live and grow in the presence of oxygen.
An organism that prefers an oxygen environment but is capable of living and growing in its absence.
Having the capacity to do something that is not compulsory, in particular having the ability to live or adapt to certain conditions.
Prefers live organic matter as a source of nutrition but can adapt to the use of dead organic matter under certain conditions.
Pertaining to or characterized by fever.
An encapsulated tumor composed mainly of fibrous connective tissue; fibroid, tumor, inoma.
One in which the organisms are originally confined to one area, but enter the blood or lymph vessel and spread to other parts of the body.
Any inanimate object to which infectious material adheres and ca be transmitted.
Have rapid and severe onset, usually fatal.
A condition or disease in which there is no recognizable change in anatomy.
A group of diverse and widespread unicellular and multicellular organisms, lacking chlorophyll, usually bearing spores and often filamentous.
Fungus (pl. fungi)
An agent that kills fungi and their spores.
An abscess or pyogenic infection of a sweat gland or hair follicle.
A form of necrosis combined with putrefaction.
Inflammation of the stomach.
Inflammation of the gingival tissue.
Parenchymatous nephritis with pronounced lesions in the glomeruli.
An infection that becomes systemic.
Deals with the study of the widespread process of disease such as inflammation, degeneration, necrosis or cellular death, repair, etc. without reference to particular organs or organ systems.
Suffix meaning generation.
A substance that destroys microorganisms.
Enlargement of the thyroid gland due to iodine deficiency.
The study of changes in structure of the body that are readily seen wit the unaided eye as a result of disease.
Prefix meaning blood.
Vomiting of blood.
Tumor like swelling of blood.
Discharge of red blood cells in the urine.
An inherited hemorrhagic disease characterized by a tendency to excessive and sometimes spontaneous bleeding.
Blood in sputum.
Escape of blood from blood vascular system.
Inflammation of the liver.
Genetic characteristics transmitted from parent to offspring.
Abnormal protrusion of an organ or part of an organ through an abnormal opening in the wall of the cavity containing the organ.
Prefix meaning dissimilar.
An organism that requires complex organic food from a carbon source in order to grow and develop.
Prefix meaning similar.
Prefix meaning water.
Abnormal collection of fluid in any sacculated cavity in the body. especially tunica vaginalis.
Excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain.
Distention of the pelvis and calyces of one or both kidneys with urine as a result of obstruction.
Abnormal accumulation of fluid within the pericardial sac.
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the thoracic cavity.
Prefix meaning above or excess.
Excess of blood in an area of the body.
The increased size of an organ or part due to the excessive but regulated increase in the number of its cells.
The enlargement of an organ or part due to the increase in size of cells composing it.
Prefix meaning deficiency or beneath.