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Flashcards in Patient Care Review Deck (141)
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1

The best means of preventing the spread of microorganisms continues to be:

Hand hygiene or hand washing

2

Entry of pathogenic microorganisms into a new host can be by:

Ingestion / Inhalation / injection

3

What type of medication promotes the excretion of urine?

Diuretic (Lasix)

4

Directions given by a person while in a healthy state concerning wishes at time of death:

Advance directive

5

What is the term used for cases of medical negligence and switches the burden of proof from the patient to the imaging professional?

Res ipsa loquitor

6

Destruction of microbes by steam under pressure or other means, includes both chemical or physical means:

Sterilization

7

What type of medication causes constriction of the blood vessels?

Vasoconstrictor

8

What type of medication causes dilatation of the blood vessels?

Vasodilator

9

What is urticaria?

Hives

10

This method of transmission occurs when droplets contaminated with pathogenic microorganisms are placed in the air from a person infected with a droplet-borne infection:

Droplet isolation

11

What are the elements needed to transmit an infection?

Infectious agent
Reservoir or environment in which the microbe can live & multiply
Portal to exit the reservoir
Means of transmission
Portal of entry into a new host

12

When a susceptible person actually touches an infected person’s body surface in an area where infectious microbes are present:

Direct contact

13

The transfer of pathogenic microbes by touching objects that have been contaminated by an infected person

Indirect contact

14

What is a PE?

Occlusion of a pulmonary artery by a thrombus

15

What is the term for a patient’s claim that he/she has been wronged or has suffered some injury, other than a breach of contract, for which he/she believes cause exist for an action for damages:

Tort

16

Where is a chest tube inserted?

Dependent upon air or fluid to be removed
Placed in the pleural cavity

17

What is the chest tube attached to?

Water-sealed drainage unit

18

Contact with infectious secretions that come from the eyes, nose or mouth of a host or disease carrier as the person coughs, sneezes, or talks:

Droplet contact

19

What is orthostatic hypotension

A decrease in diastolic pressure caused by sudden movement from a recumbent to an upright position

20

What is orthostatic hypotension

A decrease in diastolic pressure caused by sudden movement from a recumbent to an upright position

21

Droplets can travel for how many feet?

3 feet

22

The CDC established a two-tier system for patients with particular diagnoses. The first tier is to be used at all times when any healthcare professional is caring for a patient.

Standard precautions

23

What is the length of time for a surgical scrub?

3 to 5 minutes

24

Which side of the patient is usually the best side to move a patient onto (strong/weak side)?

Strong side

25

How far should one stand from a sterile table?

3 feet

26

What is the term for spoken defamation?

Slander

27

What is diabetic ketoacidosis?

Insufficient insulin causes liver to produce more glucose or hyperglycemia; kidneys then excrete glucose with water & electrolytes leading to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance

28

Insect or animal carriers of disease are called?

Vectors

29

What is a pulse oximeter?

It measures the amount of oxygen saturation

30

Which stage of an infection does the microorganism reproduce and the infection begins?

Prodromal stage