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Flashcards in Online 2 Deck (60):
1

What is torts?

type of laws that govern the rights between individuals in non-criminal actions (personal injury law)

2

what is assault?

threat of touching in an injurious way

3

what is battery?

touching a person without permission, implies that the touch is a willful act or provoke

4

What is false imprisonment?

occurs when a patient wishes to leave and is not allowed

5

What is invasion of privacy?

may result when confidentiality of information has not been maintained or when patient's body has been improperly and unneccesarily exposed or touched

6

What is libel?

written defamation

7

What is slander?

spoken defamation

8

What is defamation?

disclosure of confidential information in a way that may be detrimental

9

four elements that much be present to prove malpractice

duty, breach, injury sustained, cause

10

What is negligence?

the neglect or omission of reasonable care or caution

11

What is gross?

type of negligence where the act involves reckless disregard for life or limb

12

What is contributory?

type of negligence in which the behaviour of the injure party contributed to the injurious outcome

13

What is advanced directives?

a document in which a person either states choices for medical treatment or designates who should make treatment choices if the person should lose decision making capacity

14

What is living will?

another name for an advanced care directive

15

What is respondent superior?

let the master answer - the employer is responsible for the legal consequences of the acts/services of employees

16

res ipsa loquitur

the thing speaks for itself - requres the defendant to explain the events and convince the court that no negligence was involved

17

when carrying a heavy object, you want to carry it close/far away from your body

close

18

t/f bend with the knees and not the back

true

19

t/f whenever possible, push or roll heavy objects

true

20

when possible the radiographer should stand with his or her feet approximately this many inches apart when lifting 12

12

21

center of gravity in the human body is the center of the __

pelvis

22

before helping a patient into or out of a wheelchair it must first be positioned ___ to the bed

parallel

23

the patients stronger/weaker side should approach the x-ray table first

stronger

24

position in which the head is higher than the feet

fowler

25

position a patient should be placed in following

fowler

26

clothing should be removed from this side first

uninjured side

27

clothing should be placed on this side first

injured

28

injured

18-24"

29

average adult oral body temperature

98.6

30

infant body temps are usually higher/lower than adults

higher

31

most accurate location to record body temperature

rectal

32

the advancing pressure wave in the artery caused by the explusion of blood when the left ventricle of the heart contracts

pulse

33

the very young and the very old have higher/lower pulse rates

higher

34

normal adult range for resting pulse rates

60-90

35

pulse rates are measured in this

beats/minute

36

this sex tends to have a higher pulse rate

women

37

anything over 100 b/m is considered this

tachycardia

38

anything below 60 b/m is considered this

bradycardia

39

the act of this serves to deliver oxygen to all the body cells and ride the body of carbon dioxide

respiration

40

difficulty breathing

dyspnea

41

anbnormally rapid breathing

tachypnea

42

difficulty breathing while recumbent

orthopnea

43

abnormally shallow, slow breatihng

oligopnea

44

pulse point found over the apex of the heart

apical

45

absence of breaths

apnea

46

blood pressure within vessels is highest during this phase

systole

47

blood pressure within the vessels is lowest during this phase

diastole

48

normal adult systolic pressure range

100-140

49

normal adult diastolic range

60-90

50

prehypertension is present when blood pressure measurements are between this systolic

120-140

51

prehypertension is present when blood pressure diastolic measurements between

80-90

52

this occurs in some individuals when they rise quickly from a recumbent positon

orthostatic hypotension

53

a diastolic range below 60 would indicate this

hypotension

54

a practice that retards the growth of pathogenic micro-organisms

antisepsis

55

this refers to the destruction of pathogenic micro-organisms through the process of disinfection

medical asepsis

56

this refers to the removal of all microorganisms AND their sportes and is practiced in the surgical suite

surgical asepsis

57

the most important precaution in the practice of aseptic technique is this

handwashing

58

this is any environment where pathogens can survive and reproduce and ultimately pose a health risk

reservoir

59

any pathway by which pathogens are able to leave the reservois

portal of exit

60

type of infection that are health care aquired infections

nosocomial