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Flashcards in Online 1 Deck (158):
1

What tube is inserted through the nasopharynx into the stomach, duodenum or Jejunum

NG: Nasogastric tube

2

What type of tube pass into the duodenum & small intestine by PERISTALSIS

NE: Nasoenteric tube

3

Patient with long term illness requiring FREQUENT IV medications or transfusion will have an Implanted_____

Port

4

Implanted Port are made from which 3 materials

Plastic, Titanium, or stainless steel

5

Can a Radiologic technologist perform suction on a patient?

No, it is not within our practice to perform suctioning.

6

Tracheostomy

Opening into the trachea created surgically to provide a temporary or permanent artificial airway.

7

A chest drainage apparatus should always be placed

Below the level of the Chest

8

When a patient comes in the radiology department with a urinary Foley catheter bag, it is important to

place the drainage bag below the level of the bladder

9

what type of tube is used to feed a patient or conduct gastric suction?

NG: Nasogastric tube

10

What type of tube helps to remove fluid or air from the pleural space?

Chest tube

11

when caring for a tracheostomy patient what is the first rule?

watch for secretions

12

What is another name for a Manual ventilation?

Ambu bag or bagging

13

the tube is passed through the mouth into the trachea and is connected to a ventilator

Endotracheal tube

14

What are the 2 classifications of Mechanical Ventilators and which one is commonly used?

Negative and Positive. Positive pressure is mostly commonly used

15

What unit is used to measure pulse rate?

Beats per minute.

16

Normal blood pressure for an adult is

120/80

17

hypertensive

high BP (blood pressure)

18

hypotensive

low BP

19

Systolic

the blood pressure reading taken during contraction of the ventricles while the blood is in the arteries

20

Diastolic

the blood pressure reading that occurs during Relaxation of the ventricles.

21

A rapid heart rate is know as

tachycardia

22

The condition of a slow heart rate, below 60 bpm is known as

Bradycardia

23

What site produces the most accurate pulse rate?

Apical artery

24

Pyrexia is

Body temperature that is elevated above normal limits

25

What location of the body can you only use the stethoscope to detect a patient pulse?

Apex of the heart

26

What artery can you determine a patient pulse easily by palpation?

Radial

27

What is the Normal avg respiration rate for a healthy adult

15- 20

28

What is the normal avg Pulse rate for an adult

hypothermus

29

What location is the most common, most accurate, and the safest?

Oral Rectal Axillary

30

Avgerage adult temperature is

98.6 degree's F

31

Hypothermia is when

core temperature drops

32

The brian cannot function longer than___minutes w/out it.

4-5 mins

33

Hypoxia hypoxemia

Low levels of o2 below 80% Low level of o2 in the blood

34

What oxygen device is the most common?

Nasal Cannula

35

Simple face Mask requires no less than__lpm

5 [lpm = liters per minute?]

36

With a Central Venous Catheters the Location of a SVC should approximately be __-___cm above or below right atrial junction?

2-3 cm above

37

Apena

temporary not breathing

38

Dyspnea

Difficult breathing

39

Orthopnea

discomfort breathing laying down.

40

Cheyne stokes

breathing is of abnormal pattern. Shallow until breathing stops. Last breaths of ones life

41

Rate of respiration to heartbeat is

1:4 [1 to 4 ratio]

42

A contaminated needle which is responsible for an infectious condition in a healthcare worker could be known as?

fomite

43

The flow of oxygen delivery system is usually measured in units of

Liters per Minute

44

Complete removal of all microorganisms is

surgical asepsis

45

what equipment is used for high pressure steam sterilization?

Autoclave

46

The best way that a healthcare worker will prevent the spread of infectious disease is by

HAND WASHING

47

nosocomial infection occurs

when infected in a hospital.

48

list in order from start to finish the stage of infection

Incubation stage, Prodromal stage, Full Disease Stage, & Convalescent stage.

49

Elements needed for transmission in order

infectious agent, Reservoir or an environment to live & multiply, Portal of exit from the reservoir, Means of transmission, Portal of entry into a host

50

What are the 5 ways that infection can be transmitted

Indirect contact (fomites), Direct contact, Vector, Vehicle, Airborne

51

What is the finale stage of an infectious process during which symptoms are diminished is known as

convalescent stage

52

A person gets infected with the west nile virus by a mosquito bite. The mosquito will be known as a fomite or a vector transmission?

Vector

53

stethoscope

Use to listen to cardiac and respiratory noise/sound

54

Medical asepsis

the method that helps reduce the spread of microorganisms

55

Disinfectant

Chemical substance that is used to kill pathogenic bacteria on instruments and equipment

56

Syncope

Fainting

57

Vertigo

Dizziness

58

4 types of shock

Hypovolemic: Decreae in blood volume or blood plasma (trauma/hemorrhage). Vasogenic: A sudden,vasodilation(toxin, sepsis, or from anesthesia). Anaphylatic shock: Serve allergic reaction. Cardiogenic: Failure of the heart to pump blood. Heat attack.

59

CVA

Cerebral Vascular Accident. Stroke or brain attack. Due to occusion or rupture of the blood supply to brain. Paralysis on one or both sides, slurred speech, extreme dizziness, lost of vision, severe headache, temp loss of consciousness.

60

Hypoglycemia

excessive amount of insulin in the bloodstream. Increase in glucose metabolism Inadequate intake of food to utilize insulin Rapid onset of symptoms. intense hunger, weakness, shaky, sweat excessively, confused or irritable

61

The type of shock often associated with PE or myocardial infarction is?

Cardiogenic

62

An inanimate object that has been in contact with infectious microorganism is known as

Fomite

63

Nosocomial vs community-acquired

infection contracted in the hospital. infection acquired outside in the public.

64

How long should you wash your hands

15 seconds

65

PPE stands for

Personal protection equipment

66

Medical asepsis vs Surgical asepsis

Reduce probability of infection. Removal of spores

67

Sterilization

Heat, most frequently used , moist/dry heat

68

Disinfectant

Antiseptic (betadine & alcohol)

69

Tort and 2 types

rights between individuals in the noncriminal actions. Intentional and Unintentional

70

Intentional tort

Assault/battery False imprisonment defamation invasion of privacy

71

Unintentional

Negligence

72

What transmission based precautions also requires the use of standard precautions

Droplet, indirect, direct, airborne

73

Which term describes gentle touching to determine the precise location of an anatomical landmark?

Palpation

74

Body's center of gravity is

in the pelvis S2

75

writing an unprofessional letter with defamatory words that is false about someone is known as

Libel

76

Body Mechanics refers

safe movement and transfer of the patient

77

If patient is left unattended and somehow gets injured the tech could be charged with

negligence

78

To prevent the patient from spreading or contacting a disease and to prevent a healthcare employee from contracting a disease is what type of technique?

Isolation

79

Slander

verbal defamation

80

Res Ipsa Loquitur means

The things speaks for itself

81

Respondent Superior means

The master speaks for the servant. each person is liable for his/her own negligent conduct.

82

Types of consent

written, oral or express, implied.

83

HIPPA

Health Insurance portability & accountability act 1996 protects patient health information privacy

84

Veracity referes to

honesty in all aspects of ones professional life. one must be honest with patients, co-workers, and oneself.

85

What is a PEG tube

Percutanious Endoscopic Gastrostomy. It is used when patient cannot swallow or utilize the normal oral/esophagus route for food intake. They are sometimes placed to suction or aspirate stomach contents following surgery or bowel obstruction

86

What does ERCP stand for?

Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopanceatography

87

the correct placement for a Endotracheal tubes is __-__ above the tracheal bifurcation

5-7cm above

88

Is a CXR required to be taken after placement of an Endotracheal tube and if so why?

Yes to confirm proper placement of tube. If tube is placed too high it cause air into the stomach and possibly regurgitation leading to aspiration pneumonia

89

PICC line

Peripherally inserted Central catheters are inserted into the patient's upper arm (subclavian)G .

90

Is a CXR required after placement of a PICC line?

Yes. to make sure placement is correct and to rule out a pneumothorax

91

Is a CXR required after placement of a PICC line?

Yes. to make sure placement is correct and to rule out a pneumothorax

92

what's the difference between Assault vs Battery

unlawful attempt, coupled with a present ability, to commit a violent injury." Assault does not require injury, or contact for that matter. "Battery" requires contact; it is defined as "any willful and unlawful use of force or violence

93

base of support is

the foundation for which the body rest.

94

If a person is unlawful touched without their consent is it battery or assault?

Battery

95

Imagining the wrong patient is considered Battery or Assault?

Battery

96

The use of restraints on a patient that is not required is considered a form of

False imprisonment

97

A form which is required to be signed by the patient indicating that they understand the procedure and the potential risk of the procedure/exam is known as

Informed consent

98

Would it be okay for a patient to be left unattained?

No

99

The most common injury among healthcare workers is

back injuries

100

What are the 5 rights to drug administration

Right drug, right patient, right amount, right route, right time.

101

When a patient is concern of being injured or feel in danger under your care is Assault or Battery

Assault

102

The law governing patient confidentiality

Assault

103

The law governing patient confidentiality

HIPPA

104

when someone breaks out in hives after injection of contrast. What drug should be administered ?

Antihistamine

105

food, water, medication, and equipment are commonly what type of transmission

Vehicle

106

What is the most common means of spreading germs/ infections?

Hands

107

Pathogens are

viruses or microorganisms that causes disease

108

Safe movement and transfer of patient is known as

Body Mechanics

109

what type of transmission occurs when a person inhales infectious droplets or dust particles? Is it Airborne or Inhalation

Airborne

110

Aspirin is considered what type of drug? Sedative, antibiotics, or analgesics?

Analgesic

111

Diuretic

medication that increase urine output

112

Antiemetic

Medication to treat or prevent vomiting and nausea

113

Venous and Urinary catheter are common cause for nosocomial infections. T or F

True

114

Thrombolytic drug is used to

dissolve clots

115

Anticoagulant

A substance that prevents the clotting of blood

116

Which medication is used immediately for heart attacks and strokes?

Thrombolytic

117

To be a good communicator you need 4 types of skills which are?

observing, talking, listen, and writing.

118

After each exam , Radiologic technologist should use what type of cleaning substance to wipe down the table and other equipment which was used or touch during the procedure?

Disinfectant

119

The most effective method for sterilizing equipment is

Moist heat (steam)

120

Clorox and lysol are considered to be

disinfectant

121

Anaphylaxis is used to describe

An allergic shock

122

before helping a patient out of a wheel chair, what is the first thing you should do?

Make sure that the brakes are locked.

123

When dealing with a patient which is handicap, you should always

get assistance to avoid injury to you and the patient.

124

Pharmacology

the study of drug action and drug interactions with living organisms.

125

Generic Name

Name given before it's official approval for use.

126

Trade Name (brand name)

Name given by a specific company

127

Morphine, Oxycodine, demerol are what type of drug? NonNarcatic or Narcotic?

Narcotic that treats and help with Moderate to serve pain

128

What are Nonopioids and opioids?

Nonnarcotic mild to moderate pain. Tylenol Advil. Narcotic

129

Anesthetics acts on what system of the body. Name 2 types of anesthetic and 1 drug each.

CNS to produce a loss of sensation. GENERAL - surgical Propofol (Diprivan) Local block nerve conduction for a specific area of the body. Lidocaine (Xylocaine) dentist.

130

Valium is what type of drug

Antianxiety. Act on the cns to calm or relax patients with anxiety

131

what drug causes blood vessels to constrict? Vasodilator or Vasoconstrictor?

Vasoconstrictor

132

Three types of touching when in regards of communication

Emotional support, emphasis, and Palpation

133

When obtaining a patients information Chronology, localization, and onset are necessary to document? T or F

True

134

List in order stages of grief

Denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance

135

What is the age of a toddler

1 to 3 yrs old

136

What does NAT stand for

Non accidental Trauma aka battered child syndrome

137

1 of The general guidelines is to let the patient do as much as possible in regards of patient transfer. T or F

True

138

Abnormal rapid heart rate 100 beats/min is known as

Tachycardia

139

Abnormal slow heart rate below 60 beats/min is known as

Bradycardia

140

pyrexia is commonly known as

fever

141

Nasal cannula is long or short term ?

Long term

142

Cantor- harris(single) and Miller- abbott (double are what type of Tube?

NE Nasoenteric tube

143

Levin (single) and Salem-sump (double) or what type of tube?

NG Nasogastric tube

144

BUN

blood urea nitrogen

145

cyanosis

bluish discoloration is easily observed around the mouth, in the gyms in the nail beds or in the ear lobes. which is a sign of respiratory distress

146

A patient with a consistently systolic blood pressure of 140mm hg is considered

hypertensive

147

When a patient is consistently having systolic blood pressure of 90 mm hg are considered

hypotensive

148

sphygmomanometers (mercury manometer ) and aneroid manometer are equipment to measure?

Blood pressure

149

Hypercapina is

Carbon dioxide retain in the arterial blood and adequate oxygenation of the blood is not taking place.

150

a high blood urea nitrogen (BUN) level means your kidneys aren't working well, particularly if the result is above __ mg/dL

50

151

Lower than normal blood urea nitrogen levels may be a sign of liver damage. But low levels can also be caused by malnutrition, a low-protein diet or a high-carbohydrate diet. T or F

True

152

Creatinine and BUN tests are performed to measure

renal function, filtration and over all organ health.

153

BUN is directly related to the metabolic function of the liver and excretory function of the kidney. Patients who have elevated BUN levels are said to have

azotemia, or be azotemic.

154

Creatinine tests diagnose

impaired renal function and measures the amount of creatine phosphate in the blood.

155

Creatine phosphate is used as part

of skeletal muscle contraction; its daily production depends on muscle mass. Once creatine is used by the muscles it becomes creatinine and is excreted by the kidneys as BUN.

156

With normal kidney function, serum creatine levels should remain constant if not and it is abnormally elevated it is an indication of

renal disorders

157

Normal levels of BUN are between __to __ mg/dL for an adult

10 to 20

158

GFR

the glomerular filtration rate. It is a test that doctors use to show how well kidneys function by testing your blood for creatinine. A normal eGFR is 60 or more