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Flashcards in Patient Information Deck (35):
1

Routes of entry of toxic chemicals included

Swallowing
Inhalation
Absorption through skin or mucous membranes

2

Material safety data sheets (MSDS)

must be available
Radiographers should be familiar with their contents & warning

3

MSDS provide direction for the following

Handling precaution
Safe use of the product
Clean up & disposal

4

Who should be scheduled earlier?

Pediatric
Geriatric (elderly)
Diabetic pt (need insulin)

5

Who should be scheduled first?

Exams not require contrast agent
Pt with NPO

6

Endoscopy procedure should be scheduled?

1st in a series of procedures

7

Who should be scheduled last

Barium study

8

What is TORTS?

Violations of civil law
Personal injury law
Provide for compensation for injury

9

Battery

Touching w/o consent
Radiographing the wrong pt or wrong body part
Threatening pt

10

Assaults

Threatening pt or causing pt to be apprehensive
Striking pt
Perform radiograph against pt will

11

Invasion of privacy

Violation of confidentially of information (discuss pt care in public)
Unnecessary or improper exposure or touching pt

12

Negligence

"Unintentional misconduct"
Omission of reasonable care
based on doctrine of the reasonably prudent person

13

Reasonably prudent person

How a reasonable person with similar education, training, & experience would perform the act

14

Respondeat supervisor means

“Let the master answer"

15

Gross negligence

Acts that demonstrate reckless disregard for life or limb

16

Malpractice

Standard of care was involved by the radiographer
Injury was caused by radiographer who is being sued
Injury actually occurred & is a result of the negligence

17

Res ipsa loquitur

“The thing speaks for itself”
Legal doctrine stating that cause of the negligence is obvious
Ex: forceps left inside a pt during surgery

18

Valid consent/informed consent

Pt must be mentally competent
Consent must be offered voluntarily
Pt must be adequately informed & must be of legal age
Requires radiographer & RT to explain carefully in lay term pt can understand, all aspects of procedure & risk involved.

19

Clear & comfortable communication

Establishing this with the pt is of paramount importance

20

Verbal communication

Must be clear & in a language the pt understand

21

Nonverbal communication

Conveys the radiographer’s attitude & demeanor

22

Diversity

Radiographer must be aware of age, gender, race, ethnicity, sexual, tranditional vs. nontraditional families, nuclear vs. extended families, marital status, socioeconomic background, political beliefs, religious, geographic, physical or mental disability.

23

Patient education

Radiographer must understand the role of pt educator & be able to answer basic questions regarding to MM, NM, CT, MRI, DEXA, US

24

Intentional misconduct included

Assault, battery, false imprisonment, invasion of privacy, libel, slander

25

Libel

Written information that results in defamation of character or loss of reputation

26

Slander

Orally spreading false information that results in defamation of character or loss of reputation

27

Charting

Writing of clear statements regarding the patient’s condition
Reaction to contrast agents
Amount of contrast material injected

28

Radiograph

Legal documents
Must include pt identification
Anatomical markings (left or right marker)
Date of exposure

29

Implied consent

Provides for care when pt is unconscious

30

HIPPA

“Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act”
Medical facilities must put in place policies & procedures regarding the release of pt information

31

DNR

Do Not Resuscitate order/ No code
May be placed on file when the quality of life has seriously declined or pt condition is terminal

32

Advance directive

pt provides directives regarding medical care before becoming incapacitated

33

Durable power of attorney

pt provides for another person (personal representative) to make decisions regarding medical care if pt is unable to communicate

34

Exam GI/urinary system

Low-residue diet; NPO for 8-12 hrs before procedure; cathartics & enemas used to cleanse GI system; pt must clearly understand to routine for proper preparation

35

Question to ask pt history

How did your injury occur
When it happed
Where is your pain
Do you have tingling or numbness
Do you have any weakness
Do you unconscious after injury
Why did your physician order this exam
Have you experienced a fever or heart problem
Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea