1-General Patient Care Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1-General Patient Care Deck (64):
1

Ambulatory Patient

One that is able to walk

2

Conditions would be considered "hard to penetrate"

Osteosclerosis

3

Conditions may cause a patient to faint

Hunger
Emotional stress
Lack of sleep

4

What should be done when moving patient with broken arm?

Support the entire arm

5

A raidiographer's primary responsibility to

The patient's needs

6

Describes a paraplegic?

Paralyzed from the waist down

7

Who should be asked to hold the patient for radiograph?

The patient family member

8

The patient in insulin shock and still conscious, need what?

Something with sugar

9

Proper procedure to turn disabled patient on table

Turn the patient toward you

10

Unethical practice for a radiographer

Criticizing a doctor or team member

11

Position of patient during a myelogram, his head lower than his feet, called?

Trendelenburg

12

Rule for pediactric patients during rad exam

Restrain children when necessary

13

A professional assessment [understanding] of a patient's health require:

-Observe his physical condition
-Note his mental state
-Be aware of his cultureal background

14

Thing cannot be done when with patient receiving oxygen

Smoke

15

Correct order for administering basic life support

Airway, breathing, circulation

16

The body is invaded by pathogens, what response [what happening] in the bloodstream?

White blood cells increase

17

Elements [things] are used in intravenous solutions of contrast media?

Iodine

18

what is the first response [first step] for CPR?

Call for help

19

If the patient allergic reaction to contrast media during an IVU, what should be done?

Call for the doctor

20

Most severe (most serious) form of convulsive seizures is

Grand mal

21

Thing must be remember when lift patient

Keep your back straight

22

Brain damage (lack of oxygen) on cardiac arrest patient will happen if CPR is not start within:

1-3 minutes

23

Disease that is NOT communicable disease

Gastritis

24

What precautions can be taken to minimize the explosive hazard in the operating room?

1-clean the x-ray equipment
2-wear covers over shoes
3-wear caps over head

25

Type of SHOCK that is caused by a failure of the heart to pump blood to the organs?

Cardiogenic shock

26

First action if a patient is bleeding profusely (very bad) from an open leg wound?

Apply direct pressure to the would

27

If a patient convulses (shake) in the x-ray department, the tech should do?

Prevent (stop) injury to the patient

28

What needles has the smallest lumen? (15, 19, 21, 25 gauge)

25 gauge

29

If a patient's I.V. site swollen (the skin area getting bigger), what the tech should do?

Clamp off the I.V (stop the I.V)

30

A written page or spoken word are what type of communication?

Channel [communication]

31

Which is NOT a sterile area in the operating room?

The anesthetist

32

An unconscious (bat tinh) patient who skin is dry and has a fruity ordor on his breath is a what?

Diabetic coma

33

What does it mean to administer drugs parenterally?

I.V or by injection

34

A patient with I.V therapy, how high above the vein should the container of solution be?

18-20'' (inches)

35

Which of the following would NOT be used in restraining (holding down) a child?

A leather belt

36

What is the legal definition of the "threat of touching a person in a harmful manner"?

Assault

37

Conditions would be called "easy to penetrate"?

Degenerative arthrittis

38

What is an example of good body mechanics?

Bend from the knees

39

What type of SHOCK is caused by loss of blood due to a knife or gunshot wound?

Hypovolemic shock

40

What is the Fowler position?

Feet lower than head

41

According to Mashlow's hierarchy, what is the patient or person most basic need?

Physiological needs

42

What stage of grieving is the terminally ill patient when he begins to deal with his pain and illness?

Acceptance stage

43

Which is an example of negative non-verbal communication?

Standing wiht your arms crossed

44

Which procedure would require an informed consent form to be completed?

Cerebral angiogram

45

When radiographing a patient wiht chest tube drainage, which action must be taken?

Keep drainage tube below chest

46

What can happen if a diagbetic patient has taken his normal dose of insulin but has been NPO since midnight?

Go into insulin shock

47

What does a patient in a diabetic coma need?

More insulin

48

what is the best way to move a heavy object, such as a case of x-ray film?

Push it

49

How should you have an ambulatory patient get off the rad table?

Use a footstool

50

What is the best way to make sure that you have the correct patient for a radiographic exam?

Check the patient's armband

51

Which would be the best site for I.V. therapy?

The arm

52

What is the usual rate of flow for an adult with an I.V. in use?

20 drops per minute

53

"Touching a patient without permission" is the legal definition of:

Battery

54

When transferring a patient from a wheelchair to the x-ray table which action would you do first?

Put wheelchair parallel to the table

55

When inserting an enema tip, what position is the patient in?

Sim's

56

Where should a patient's urinary bag be kept while transferring him form the stretcher to the x-ray table?

Below bladder level

57

According to Elizabeth Kubler Ross, what is the first stage of the grieving process?

Denial

58

Which is NOT a legal right of a patient in the rad department?

To ask for and receive extra studies

59

What is the most common work-related problem among health care workers?

Back problems from improper lifting

60

When take x-ray a number of patients in a row (non-stop), you should do:

Change the pillowcase after each use

61

What is the first thing you should do if a patient who is standing turns pale and says he feels dizzy?

Have the patient lie down

62

What type of SHOCK can result from a severe (serious) reaction to the contrast media used in radiographic exams?

anaphylactic shock

63

A patient which a head injury should be kept in which of the following positions?

Semi-erect

64

When is an I.V considered (called) to be infiltrated?

When the I.V. is injected into