Chapter 6 Flashcards Preview

Patient Care > Chapter 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (128)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is another name for Vital Signs

Cardinal Signs

2

Objective noninvasive evaluation
Temperature, pulse, respiration & blood pressure

Vital signs

3

Heat produced and heat loss
Degree of heat of the deep tissues
Hypothalamus/Respiratory system

Body Temperature

4

Body temperature is controlled by a small structure in the basal region of the diencephalon of the brain called

Hypothalamus
or Body's thermostat

5

What happened when the body's metabolism increases?

More heat is produced

6

When a whose body temperature is elevated above normal limits is said

Fever
or Pyrexia

7

As body temperature increases

the body's demand for oxygen increases

8

What range of body temperature w/t normal limits?

0.5-1 degree

9

What is an Average oral temperature?

98.6 F

10

Average temperature in children 3 months-3 years

99 F (37.2 C)-99.7 F (37.7 C)

11

Average temperature in children 5 yrs-13 yrs

97.8 F-98.6 F

12

Symptoms of fever

Increased pulse & respiratory rate
Discomfort
Aching
Flushed dry skin
Chill
Loss of appetite

13

Average temperature in children 5 yrs-13 yrs

97.8 F-98.6 F

14

A person with a body temperature below normal limits

Hypothermia

15

It is rare for a person to survive with a body temperature b/t

105.8 F (41 C) & 111.2 F (44 C)
or below 93.2 F (34 C)

16

What are 4 areas of body in which temperature is usually measured?

Oral
Tympanic
Rectal
Axillary

17

Hyperthermia

Fever
Febrile

18

Temporal artery (TA) thermometers

Most popular today on kids

19

Most common route
Taken by mouth under the tongue
98.6 F

Oral

20

Equivalent to rectal & tympanic

Tympanic membrane thermometer

21

Most accurate area to measure is?
99.6 F

Rectal

22

Most safest are to measure is?
97.6 F

Axillary

23

Most safest are to measure is?

Axillary

24

Area is measuring temperature with a tympanic thermometer
Is placed inside the external auditory canal
97.6

Tympanic

25

As the heart beats, blood is pumped in a pulsating fashion into arteries
Results in a throb ot pulsation of the arteries

Pulse

26

Which location requires the use of a stethoscope?

Apical pulse

27

Which location provides the most accurate pulse rate?
Over the apex of the heart

Apical pulse

28

Which pulse can be done over the carotid artery @ the front of the neck?
Most common

Carotid pulse

29

Which pulse can be done over the carotid artery @ the front of the neck?

Carotid pulse

30

Which pulse can be done over the femoral artery in the groin?

Femoral pulse