Pediatric Diabetes & Thyroid disease Flashcards Preview

Endocrine > Pediatric Diabetes & Thyroid disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pediatric Diabetes & Thyroid disease Deck (24)
1

insulin dependent DM is AKA

type 1 DM

2

type 1 DM is most common in

whites

3

most common form of DM under 40 is ___, most common form >40 is ___

Type 1 ; Type 2

4

what is MODY?

maturity onset diabetes of youth (type 2 DM in obese kids)

5

tx of MODY

diet, exercise, oral hypoglycemics

6

diabetic ketoacidosis is assc'd with what type of diabetes?

DM type 1

7

role of glu tolerance test in kids

rarely need for dx

8

most common dosing schedule of insulin

2/3 dose before breakfast, 1/3 dose before dinner

9

goal of blood glu monitoring: keep blood sugar b/w____

100-200

10

hunger, weakness, shakiness, sweating, drowsiness, complication of DM 1

hypoglycemia

11

DKA when blood glu >_____, and venous blood gas under _____ and or bicarb under____

glu > 200; VBG under 7.3, bicarb under 15

12

tx of DAK (4)

1, restore intravascular fluids
2. give insulin, add dextrose
3. manage electrolytes
4. correct acidosis

13

how is ketogenesis shut down?

by insulin admin

14

relationship b/w detal & maternal pituitary thyroid axes

completely independent

15

by week ____, thyroid gland can make hormones

14

16

how can hyperthryoid mothers produce thyrotoxic newbrons?

transmit human-specific thyroid stimulator Ig

17

if you get a serum TSH high, then what tests to add?

free T4

18

if you get a low serum TSH, what tests to add?

free T4 & T3

19

most common hypothyroidism in kids

chronic lymphocytic thyroidisits (hashimotos)

20

type of anemia found in hashimotos

normocytic anemia

21

drug of choice for hypothyroidism

levothyroxine

22

triiodothyroixine is used for?

TSH suppression test

23

tender thyroid in toxic appearing patient from bacterial infn

acute suppurative thyroiditis

24

idiopathic hyperthyroidism presents usu in _____ of age _____

females age 12-14