Pharmacology Exam 1 Drug List Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pharmacology Exam 1 Drug List Deck (44)
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1

Classification of PHENYLEPHRINE (Neo-Synephrine)

TC: Nasal decongestant PC: Adrenergic (sympathomimetics)

2

Action/use of PHENYLPHRINE (Neo-Synephrine)

Specifically an alpha-adrenergic agonist (fight or flight stimulation)Nasal decongestant Maintains a good BP

3

Side/adverse affects of PHENYLPHRINE (Neo-Synephrine)

Intranasal use can cause burning of the mucosa and rebound nasal congestion if used for long periods of timeHigh doses can elevate BP causing bradycardia (slows heart rate down)Also maybe anxiety, restlessness, and tremorsBLACKBOX: no IV use

4

Classification of EPINEPHRINE

TC: Anti-allergy and cardiac stimulationPC: Pure Adrenergic

5

Action/use of EPINEPHRINE

Specifically stimulates alpha receptors (fight or flight stimulation)Used for cardiac arrest, asthma, allergry reactions such as anaphylaxis in which you would need an epi-pen

6

Side/adverse affects of EPINEPHRINE

Rapid heart rateIncreased blood pressureOverdose can cause a heart attack

7

Classification of PRAZOSIN (Minipress)

TC: Antihypertensive (lowers BP)PC: Adrenergic blocker

8

Action/use of PRAZOSIN (Minipress)

Selectively an alpha1 adrenergic anatagonistBlocks norepinephrine at its receptorsReduces blood pressure so can be used to treat hypertensionCommonly used in combination with beta blockers or diurectics

9

Side/adverse effects of PRAZOSIN (Minipress)

Like other alpha blockers, tends to cause orthostatic hypotension which is a large drop in BP, so it should be given before bed and the first dose should be very low

10

Classification of BETHANECHOL (Urecholine)

TC: Nonobstructive urinary retention agentPC: Cholinergic agonist

11

Action/use of BETHANECHOL (Urecholine)

Parasympathomimetic that causes parasympathetic stimulation Stimulates smooth muscle contractions to clear digestive and urinary tracts, as well as treating nonobstructive urinary retention

12

Side/adverse effects of BETHANECHOL (Urecholine)

Increased salvation, sweating, abdominal cramping, hypotension leading to fainting, belching, diarrhea, diaphoresis (stay close to the bathroom)*Pts with asthma, epilepsy, parkinsons should not use

13

Classification of PHYSOSTIGMINE (Antilirium)

TC: Antidote for atropine-induced delirium PC: Acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (so parasympathetic actions will occur)

14

Action/use of PHYSOSTIGMINE (Antilirium)

Parasympathetic that stops the destruction of acetylcholine

15

Side/adverse effects of PHYSOSTIGMINE (Antilirium)

Bradycardia, asytole, restlessness, nervousness, seizures, salivation, urinary frequently, muscle twitching, respiratory paralysis

16

Classification of ATROPINE

TC: Antitode for anticholinesterase poisoning and suppresses abnormal heart rhythms PC: Cholinergic receptor blocker (induces sympathetic)

17

Action/use of ATROPINE

Blocks acetylcholine and induces fight or flight as well as raising heart rate

18

Side/adverse effects of ATROPINE

Dry mouth, constipation, urinary retention, increased heart rate, excitement may progress to delirium and even coma

19

Classification of ESCITALOPRAM OXALATE (Lexapro)

TC: Antidepressant, anxiolytic (anti anxiety)PC: SSRI (selective seratonin reuptake inhibitors)

20

Action/use of ESCITALOPRAM OXALATE (Lexapro)

Increases seratonin in the body (makes you happy) so used for depression

21

Side/adverse effects of ESCITALOPRAM OXALATE (Lexapro)

Dizziness, nausea, dry mouth, insomnia, confusion, sweating, and seizures if you overdoseWhen you take 2 meds at night it can cause seratonin syndrome

22

Classification of LORAZEPAM (Ativan)

TC: Sedative (hypnotic, anxiolytic, anesthetic adjunct)PC: Inhibits neurotransmitters, benzodiazepine

23

Action/use of LORAZEPAM (Ativan)

Binds to GABA receptors and used for sleep, anxiety, and sedation

24

Side/adverse effects of LORAZEPAM (Ativan)

Drowsiness, dizziness, sedation, blurred or double vision, nausea, vomiting

25

Classification of ZOLPIDEM (Ambien)

TC: Sedative hypnotic PC: Non benzodiazepine

26

Action/use of ZOLPIDEM (Ambien)

Acts of GABA receptor as well, treats short term insomnia

27

Side/adverse effects of ZOLPIDEM (Ambien)

Daytime sedation, confusion, dizziness, vomiting, clumsy, unsteady when walkingSchedule IV (may cause dependence)

28

Classification of LIDOCAINE

TC: anesthetic, antidysrhythmic (IV route)PC: sodium channel blocker, amide

29

Action/use of LIDOCAINE

Blocks pain impulseMost commonly injected locallyBlocks sodium channels**SIDE EFFECTS ARE UNCOMMON

30

Classification of NITROUS OXIDE

TC: General anesthetic that works as a sedativePC: Inhalation of a gaseous drug